Definition of facsimile in English:



  • 1An exact copy, especially of written or printed material.

    ‘a facsimile of the manuscript’
    [as modifier] ‘facsimile editions’
    • ‘Modern edited texts, he argues, posit a kind of authorial intention which did not exist for many of the writers whose plays are preserved in print, while facsimiles hypostatize one printed copy of a play as ‘the play.’’
    • ‘‘The books in this program are printed as facsimiles of the last edition,’ says John Walsh, production manager at the press.’
    • ‘A reproduction can be of any size; however a photographic facsimile may be printed the same size as the original work of art, with the purpose of actually simulating, to the point of deceptiveness, the appearance of the original.’
    • ‘Sometimes, rather than going to the trouble of printing a facsimile of an existing book, he used the original edition itself by purchasing a number of copies and altering each of them by hand.’
    • ‘But what makes the corporation's decision so much worse is that it is an exact facsimile of a previous blunder.’
    • ‘At the end of the preface, Carpenter denies any attempt to have reproduced the text in a facsimile transcription.’
    • ‘The gallery's small back room contained only a framed facsimile of a letter written in 1837 by Ramohan Roy, a Europhile reformist.’
    • ‘A primary goal of the current phase of OAC development is to enhance the utility of the finding aids by creating and providing online access to digitized facsimiles of primary source material.’
    • ‘He writes in order to answer a bibliographic question: is a given facsimile accurate enough to be useful?’
    • ‘Mad Madge carries coloured and black and white photographs in 16 pages and a facsimile of a love letter that Margaret wrote to William in 1645.’
    • ‘This is the 10th Daily Mail Pavilion cottage he and his team have created and, as in previous years, he visited the real thing and took measurements before creating an exact facsimile in his workshops.’
    • ‘A facsimile edition of the Black Book was published by the Imperial War Museum in London in 1989.’
    • ‘Then there are recently-published beautiful volumes containing facsimiles of ancient manuscripts; with, on each facing page, interpretations and scholarly analyses.’
    • ‘The legislation will apply to electronic messages including email, text messages, and instant messages but not to facsimile messages and voice calls.’
    • ‘This papyrus is a facsimile copy of the only surviving thing from the ancient library.’
    • ‘Finally, the British Library and Faksimile Verlag are donating copies of the facsimile to Durham Cathedral and to the community Heritage Centre on Holy Island (Lindisfarne).’
    • ‘The smaller companion volume includes more than 100 black-and-white images along with facsimiles of Fay's journals.’
    • ‘Originally it was called a facsimile machine because it allowed one person to send another a copy, or facsimile, of a document.’
    • ‘No copies, facsimiles or mechanical reproductions of entry materials will be accepted.’
    • ‘They will profit from the use of searchable texts as well as facsimile materials.’
    copy, reproduction, duplicate, photocopy, mimeograph, mimeo, replica, likeness, carbon, carbon copy, print, reprint, offprint, image
    double, lookalike, twin, clone, duplicate, perfect likeness, exact likeness, echo, replica, copy, imitation, picture, image, living image, mirror-image
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1
      another term for fax
      • ‘He said he was disappointed not only when Funny Cide did not win but also because the tote tickets had changed from stock paper to a thinner facsimile machine-style paper that fades rapidly.’
      • ‘In the meantime we attach a duly authorised copy of your facsimile dated 6th October 2000, which can now be included in the aforementioned Sub-Contract Agreement.’
      • ‘She accepted the offer by return facsimile the same day.’
      • ‘If you have received this message in error, please notify the sender immediately by e-mail, facsimile or telephone and destroy the original message.’
      • ‘The business centre has full secretarial and administrative services Internet access, photocopying, full colour laser printing, a facsimile service and couriers.’
      • ‘I refer to your facsimile on 12 December and on 26 November I have sent you by facsimile a letter the proposed amendments of grounds in relation to the above matters.’


  • Make a copy of.

    ‘the ride was facsimiled for another theme park’
    • ‘All those who did not respond were contacted by telephone, and the questionnaire was facsimiled a second time.’
    • ‘From the given facts we know Wen had facsimiled a letter to Jo revoking his offer before Jo received the letter and replied to it.’


  • in facsimile

    • As an exact copy.

      ‘thirty pages are reproduced in facsimile’
      • ‘Her novels, with an introduction by P. Koster, were reproduced in facsimile in 1971.’
      • ‘To read Eric Gill's books, still available in facsimile editions, in which Gill used ‘& ‘to replace ‘and’ throughout the text, is to come face-to- face with an anachronism.’
      • ‘At this point, it is worth noting the strides in technology which have significantly improved low-cost copying techniques since the British Museum manuscript was reproduced in facsimile by the same publishers.’
      • ‘The five Edinburgh price books reproduced here in facsimile present detailed labor costs for each of the many procedures needed to make each of the furniture forms covered.’
      • ‘He wrote a book about the Sydney settlement which is still available in facsimile and a vital historical source of information.’
      • ‘What were obvious forgeries were reproduced in facsimile in J. M. Stuart-Young's ‘preposterous’ book, Osrac the Self-Sufficient.’
      • ‘The publication in facsimile of F.M. Piper's 1811-12 manuscript on the design of English landscape parks is a major event for garden historians.’
      • ‘While a few missing pages in Winterthur's copy have been supplied in facsimile, the work as a whole appears to be one of only four known copies.’
      • ‘Kubrick's production notes and annotated drafts of scripts are reproduced in facsimile, and it is fascinating to trace the evolution of his projects, including some which did not go into production.’
      • ‘An image forming apparatus which has a facsimile function by which it records image data received in facsimile communications and a printer function by which it records image data output from a host computer.’


Late 16th century (originally as fac simile, denoting the making of an exact copy, especially of writing): modern Latin, from Latin fac! (imperative of facere make) and simile (neuter of similis like).