One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1Not part of the essential nature of someone or something; coming or operating from outside.‘a complex interplay of extrinsic and intrinsic factors’‘reasons extrinsic to the music itself’
external, extraneous, exterior, outside, outward, alien, foreign, adventitious, superficial, surfaceView synonyms
- ‘He castigates prize judges for giving the top awards to books for reasons extrinsic to literature.’
- ‘At this juncture, I reassert that population change in a given area is conditioned by its intrinsic and extrinsic factors.’
- ‘Little is known about individual variation in repair rates or about intrinsic or extrinsic factors that modulate repair activity.’
- ‘Different extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors might be involved in the etiology of these injuries.’
- ‘It is unconditionally envisaged as homogeneous extension, extrinsic to the distributions which occupy it.’
- ‘Causes can include intrinsic factors, such as high seed set, or extrinsic factors, such as a loss of competitors or herbivores.’
- ‘Pressure ulcers result from numerous intrinsic and extrinsic factors.’
- ‘The more precisely we understand how the machine works intrinsically, the better we can deduce the contribution of extrinsic factors.’
- ‘Thus three-dimensionality was extrinsic to painting, which was essentially flat, in Greenberg's view.’
- ‘To account for this consistency through transpositional evolutionary changes, both intrinsic and extrinsic factors can be evoked.’
- ‘Only bourgeois art, which has become autonomous in the face of demands of employment extrinsic to art, has taken up positions on behalf of the victims of bourgeois rationalization.’
- ‘This study therefore explores factors that are both extrinsic and intrinsic to news organization election coverage.’
- ‘Other workers have, however, tended to view the diversifications as resulting from a complex mix of intrinsic biological and extrinsic physical factors.’
- ‘A prospective study would also be useful in assessing the intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors at play in short track speed skating.’
- ‘Migration to other countries is in any case not extrinsic to the formation of such a nationalism.’
- ‘In short, it appears that it's due to extrinsic factors, rather than anything the province of Ontario itself did.’
- ‘Motivation can be intrinsic (from the student) and extrinsic (from external factors).’
- ‘Because of its observational nature, our study cannot differentiate between intrinsic or extrinsic factors in the reduced reproductive success.’
- ‘In the original conception of this study, motivators were dichotomized into intrinsic and extrinsic factors.’
- ‘The genetic integrity of organisms is constantly challenged by extrinsic and intrinsic factors.’
2(of a muscle, such as an eye muscle) having its origin some distance from the part which it moves.
- ‘The extrinsic muscles of the larynx control the degree of tension on the vocal cords, and the intrinsic muscles regulate the glottis.’
- ‘Unlike the upper esophageal sphincter, the lower sphincter is not pulled open by extrinsic musculature.’
- ‘The thyroid cartilage and epiglottis are connected to the hyoid bone, and the cricoid cartilage is connected to the trachea by the extrinsic ligaments of the larynx.’
- ‘Additional movement is caused by extrinsic muscles that arise from various cranial surfaces and enter the base of the tongue, pulling the tongue towards their attachments.’
- ‘The extrinsic extensor tendon attaches to the base of the dorsum of the middle phalanx, and bands from the intrinsic hand muscles attach to the distal phalanx.’
Mid 16th century (in the sense ‘outward’): from late Latin extrinsecus ‘outward’, from Latin extrinsecus ‘outwardly’, based on exter ‘outer’; the ending was altered under the influence of -ic.
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