Definition of extra in English:

extra

adjective

  • Added to an existing or usual amount or number.

    ‘they offered him an extra thirty-five cents an hour’
    ‘a lot of extra work is involved’
    • ‘There was no traffic-flow study or any analysis of environmental impact of the extra traffic on the existing users of the Fulford Road.’
    • ‘Many firms will pay a death-in-service benefit of about four times salary to dependants, which will cut the amount of extra life cover you need.’
    • ‘There is the normal amount of extra traffic here at rush hour.’
    • ‘It does have a certain amount of extra interest in it because of the potential role of the congressman.’
    • ‘However, the deal stipulates they cannot take the payout and bring separate proceedings for an extra amount.’
    • ‘Concerns were expressed about the amount of extra traffic and noise generated once the scheme starts, probably in February.’
    • ‘You will also be able to buy amounts of extra pension.’
    • ‘The amount of these extra payments differs from one bank to another.’
    • ‘We're only talking here about 1 per cent of taxpayers paying the extra amount.’
    • ‘If it doesn't involve me personally receiving a large amount of extra cash each month, then frankly I'm not interested.’
    • ‘If the council is going to stick to this plan it is essential it accepts a small amount of extra waste properly bagged and placed alongside the grey bin.’
    • ‘One thing I really like about DVDs is the amount of extra material which is included in them.’
    • ‘The hospital is also criticised for the amount of extra hours worked by staff, a lack of employee appraisals and the response rate to the questionnaire.’
    • ‘Under the law, the retailer must refund the money for the goods and also pay an extra amount of compensation to the consumer.’
    • ‘Significant amounts of extra cash have been pumped in nationally and from local authorities and people expect to see results.’
    • ‘Fishermen who want to trade up and buy a bigger boat usually scrap their existing vessel and buy extra tonnage from the market.’
    • ‘An eloquent minister, at either level, could expect to win an extra amount in budget discussions.’
    • ‘The council has agreed to pay £500 compensation and an extra amount if Mrs Strachan cannot now buy the lodge.’
    • ‘Vitamin D from food contained only about 10 per cent of our needs and people needed to get extra amounts from sunbathing.’
    • ‘From the traffic point of view I wouldn't think that the small amount of extra traffic generated from the number of units planned is a great concern.’
    additional, more, added, supplementary, supplemental, further, auxiliary, ancillary, subsidiary, secondary, attendant, accessory
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adverb

  • 1as submodifier To a greater extent than usual; especially.

    ‘he is trying to be extra good’
    • ‘And as an extra special appreciation of his service I left him twenty of the twenty-five pence to spend on whatever he wanted.’
    • ‘Make the holidays extra special for those on your gift list by sending them a polar bear or snowy owl gift adoption today.’
    • ‘Local people are being asked to make an extra special effort to give blood on the day.’
    • ‘So we must make an extra special effort this year and see if we can win it outright!’
    • ‘Although the entire river is held to be sacred, Hindus believe that its source is of an extra special sanctity.’
    • ‘Two hours later, Mother would have a start on the dinner, an extra special dinner judging by the smell.’
    • ‘I also resolve to read the Guardian extra hard when I get home.’
    • ‘Hopefully, the sun will return this Thursday night to make the evening an extra special one.’
    • ‘When the cheers go up in Carlow on Sunday, let's hear an extra special one for the mums.’
    • ‘I made an extra special effort to capture the essence of her performance through the lens of my daughter's digital camera.’
    • ‘You're the one who always comes up with that extra cool, extra special way of doing any project.’
    • ‘British tourists in Kenya have been warned to be extra vigilant, particularly in the capital, Nairobi.’
    • ‘He said the firm tried to organise two different types of events every year for its staff and this time wanted to make an extra special effort.’
    • ‘Let's take some time for ourselves, and make our sewing rooms extra special!’
    • ‘Drivers are extra cautious along that particular stretch of the national highway, lest any cattle should cross the road.’
    • ‘People mattered, and especially that one extra special person on which his world hinged.’
    • ‘To make this an extra special night out a complimentary glass of mulled wine and a mince pie will be served!’
    • ‘The money raised will go to try and make an extra special Christmas for his three young children.’
    • ‘They have issued a warning to people to be extra vigilant especially as the dark winter evenings set in.’
    • ‘Unlike comic books, you have to think extra hard when you read novels because there are no pictures in novels!’
    exceptionally, particularly, specially, especially, very, extremely, singularly, peculiarly, distinctly
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  • 2In addition.

    ‘installation will cost about £60 extra’
    • ‘Be sure to buy a comfortable chair, and spend extra for it if necessary.’
    • ‘If you want to buy a bottle - bring back a bottle or else be charged 30c extra for the new bottle.’
    • ‘The difference in the charges would be 60p extra for a two to three hour stay and 80p for a three to four hour stay.’
    • ‘As well as the weekly hotel costs, everything else costs extra.’
    • ‘The 10 extra we reported last week are in addition to this figure.’
    • ‘Check how much extra it will cost you to pay your insurance premium monthly.’
    • ‘They often take you to the destination and charge a little extra.’
    • ‘This meant he could help another child whose parents needed a little extra for some necessity or other.’
    • ‘Some boats make an additional charge for all pre-packaged drinks, whereas others charge extra only for alcoholic tipples.’
    • ‘As long as I do this before paying, the barman can charge me extra for a table if he likes, so an argument in Spanish is hopefully avoided.’
    • ‘It will cost about £25,000 extra a month to keep airborne and all the money is raised by public donations.’
    • ‘And apparently those that are improving their parking situation, are going to charge extra for it.’
    • ‘This is despite the fact that cinema owners are notorious for charging at least Rs.10 extra on the ticket price.’
    • ‘I went to Walt and said, I'd to play that part, too and I won't charge you a nickel extra.’
    • ‘There are certainly savings to be made but picking the wrong tariff could cost you £100 extra a year.’
    • ‘A cassette player is considered an option and costs extra.’
    • ‘While some restaurants charge extra for parcelling, the rest provide parcel facility as an add-on service.’
    • ‘The dealer told me they would be glad to, but it would cost several hundred dollars extra.’
    • ‘It cost us 19 seconds extra to pull the bodywork away to get the wheel off and then to get the other wheel on.’
    • ‘She then asks how much extra it'll cost to get me added on once I pass my driving test.’
    in addition, additionally, as well, also, too, besides, over and above that, on top, on top of that, further, into the bargain, to boot
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noun

  • 1An item in addition to what is usual or strictly necessary.

    ‘I had an education with all the extras’
    • ‘At least we have these disks to remember the show by, complemented by extras that demonstrate the passion and commitment that went into the show.’
    • ‘Does building a perfectly accessible site mean all usability extras should be perfectly accessible, too?’
    • ‘Second line gear are necessary extras that are included in load bearing equipment or tactical vests.’
    • ‘It will take you a long time to work your way through the extensive extras.’
    • ‘I'd need another half page to list the cabin extras (never a necessity with a 5 - Series, by the way).’
    • ‘Stock the car with a diaper bag filled with all the necessary extras so you'll always be prepared.’
    • ‘Each is necessary to provide the little extras for family and quality of life.’
    • ‘There are no fancy extras or softening touches; strictly A to B motoring at its most basic.’
    • ‘We always try to include extras that either supplement the gameplay, or provide a key incentive to buying the guide.’
    • ‘A few hours later she drove away in her vehicle of choice - purchased on her terms, with no expensive extras or add-ons.’
    • ‘The extras included are quite extensive for a non-modular power supply and come in their own separate box.’
    • ‘If this is successful, it'll likely be the major earner, an obvious analogy being the add-on channels sold by cable TV companies as extras to the basic package.’
    • ‘It is a shame, however, that it did not invest more time on the accompanying extras.’
    • ‘Personally, I'd like to see a box set of all three games hit the shelves complete with some extras and fancy artwork.’
    • ‘My only real complaint with this disc is the complete lack of extras.’
    • ‘Apart from video projection, you won't see the kind of extras that accompanied Sinha's earlier work, such as on-stage musicians or props.’
    • ‘Total remuneration includes not just salary but bonuses or the value of benefit-in-kind extras such as company cars.’
    • ‘For completists, the revealing extras include new amateur footage, the highlight being a previously unheard song.’
    • ‘Bike kit is noticeably cheaper in the US so buy any extras or accessories you may need once there.’
    • ‘From an extras perspective, were separate writer commentary tracks completely necessary?’
    addition, supplement, adjunct, addendum, add-on, bonus, accompaniment, complement, companion, additive, extension, appendage, accessory, attachment, retrofit
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    1. 1.1 An item for which an additional charge is made.
      ‘the price includes all major charges—there are no hidden extras’
      • ‘Any extra that the doctor charges is the gap fee and the patient has to pay it.’
      • ‘Many adverts failed to include compulsory hidden extras in the price, such as security fees, tickets or departure fees or under-occupancy supplements.’
      • ‘And budgeting for hidden extras as well as day-to-day expenses can be quite tough.’
      • ‘That's to say, there's an overall charge but absolutely no extras, whatever you do, whatever you eat or drink.’
      • ‘This place charges for extras such as canned and alcoholic drinks, use of the satphone and the small daily diving fee for villagers.’
      • ‘There are no buyer's premiums at fairs and no hidden extras.’
      • ‘The price is all inclusive with no hidden extras.’
      • ‘There were immense black plumes at each corner and a black velvet pall covered the coffin… but these were charged as extras!’
      • ‘It's a charge on US and if you try to charge us hidden extras, we'll just take all our money out of the banks and put them under the duvet!’
      • ‘Fly-drives to Florida were also going cheap at £280, though watch out for the hidden extras on car insurance.’
      • ‘As well as shipping costs, check for hidden extras such as courier handling charges.’
      • ‘Why not a booklet listing all the extras available and the charge for each?’
    2. 1.2 A person engaged temporarily to fill out a crowd scene in a film or play.
      ‘the film used an army of extras’
      • ‘Most women MPs would be reduced to nothing more than add-ons, extras on the political stage.’
      • ‘Between them they portray a host of colourful characters in a small Irish village all wanting to be extras in a Hollywood film.’
      • ‘He was known for his temper tantrums, raging over such things as inauthentic headdresses for a film's extras.’
      • ‘Brainne also needs dozens of extras for background scenes.’
      • ‘TV, where football gets most of its money, regards supporters as extras on a film set in that full grounds are needed to create the atmosphere which makes the game a spectacle.’
      • ‘As if to confirm this, the ‘mobsters’ at the next table turn out to be film extras - although I still have dark doubts about Luigi.’
      • ‘Many of the inhabitants, mostly poor Christians, were thrilled to have a film set in their village - and even agreed to serve as extras in a crowd scene.’
      • ‘Together they agreed on casting black extras in crowd scenes and in a wider range of roles while refraining from pejorative humor.’
      • ‘However, what they need now is actors to fill the major parts and to act as extras to fill out the crowd scenes.’
      • ‘This wasn't released until 1954, as after the war Riefenstahl was accused of being a Nazi sympathiser and of using concentration camp inmates as extras for the film.’
      • ‘All the world's a stage and if you want to play your part on the big screen, then there's a new way to get there, thanks to the first Irish casting agency for film extras.’
      • ‘New Zealand's army was cast as extras for large battle scenes in the film, but was forced to back out due to having to serve as peacekeepers in East Timor.’
      • ‘Film and TV extras or background artistes (supporting artistes, as they are sometimes known) are a strange lot.’
      • ‘I reckon the extras from that film all drink in this pub.’
      • ‘To his credit, Polanski pays tribute to the many Poles who made this film possible, working as extras for the crowd scenes and in technical capacities as well.’
      • ‘Andrew Bunney, who runs the upmarket men's outfitters, Robert Bunney hopes that he and his wife and their two daughters will be making a brief appearance in the film as extras.’
      • ‘Though hired as extras on the film, they're still living on the streets, around places like this in downtown Cape Town.’
      • ‘Last night while I was waiting to get let into dinner, two extras from the short film that's being shot on campus were there, killing time and shooting the breeze.’
      • ‘The role of the troops is strictly to be extras, as needed, for a Rick Mercer TV special.’
      • ‘Ultimately, he was referred to a casting agency, which got him a part as an extra in a crowd scene for the film Deep Impact.’
      walk-on, supernumerary, spear carrier
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    3. 1.3 A run scored other than from a hit with the bat, credited to the batting side rather than to a batsman.
      • ‘Was England's total at Kingston the highest in which the highest score came from extras?’
      • ‘Stephens gave himself an early St David's Day present with the extras to complete the scoring.’
      • ‘The batsmen were also helped by some wayward bowling with 61 extras, including 40 wides, being conceded.’
      • ‘However, with 5 dropped catches and 30 extras all was not necessarily well with the Windies.’
      • ‘Andy Bowness added the extras to complete a low scoring half 6-4 to Silsden.’
    4. 1.4dated A special issue of a newspaper.
      ‘she stood under an awning and read the extra’
      • ‘The last time The Chronicle published an extra was Feb. 1, 2003, when the Columbia space shuttle disintegrated over East Texas.’
      • ‘Yes, it was a sprint on the first day to produce two extras and then the Sunday newspaper but this story will be with us for months and we have to respond accordingly.’
      • ‘In an effort to discount the news a German paper published an extra that a decisive would be fought within the next few days.’
      newspaper, paper, tabloid, broadsheet, journal, periodical, weekly, organ, news-sheet, newsletter, bulletin
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Origin

Mid 17th century (as an adjective): probably a shortening of extraordinary, suggested by similar forms in French and German.

Pronunciation

extra

/ˈɛkstrə/