Definition of exsanguination in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The action of draining a person, animal, or organ of blood.

    ‘regional anaesthesia with exsanguination of the limb’
    • ‘After exsanguination, the lungs were fixed by intratracheal instillation with 10% neutral phosphate-buffered formalin at a pressure of 20 cm H2O for 72 hours.’
    • ‘After their respective treatments, mice from each group were sacrificed by exsanguination under light ether anesthesia between 7-8 hours after an over night fasting.’
    • ‘After measuring mechanics, animals were killed by exsanguination.’
    • ‘Animals then were killed by further exsanguination through the abdominal aorta.’
    • ‘Briefly, adult male albino guinea pigs were killed by cervical dislocation followed immediately by exsanguination.’
    1. 1.1Severe loss of blood.
      ‘no patient died from immediate exsanguination’
      • ‘Fatalities are rare and usually a consequence of exsanguination at the scene or penetration of a vital organ.’
      • ‘Airway maintenance is vital because the primary mechanism of death is asphyxiation, not exsanguination.’
      • ‘This is because of the high incidence of death from exsanguination in war injured patients and the potential for simple first aid measures to prevent this.’
      • ‘Disruption of vessels in the cord can lead to exsanguination of blood that, if confined to the cord, forms a hematoma.’
      • ‘All three types of subadventitial aortic disruption are at high risk for exsanguination and should be managed with emergent surgery.’


Early 20th century: from Latin exsanguinatus drained of blood (from ex- out + sanguis, sanguin- blood) + -ion.