Definition of expressionism in English:

expressionism

noun

mass noun
  • A style of painting, music, or drama in which the artist or writer seeks to express the inner world of emotion rather than external reality.

    • ‘We readily take the cinema as an expressionist medium because expressionism (broadly understood) takes the inside of people and projects it outward into the external world.’
    • ‘While Stout eschewed the splashy gestures of expressionism, there is a deep, almost lyrical sensuality not only in his shapes, but in the sumptuous metallic texture of the graphite.’
    • ‘Sometimes the music of this period is associated with expressionism in art, but, as with impressionism, the use of the word in this context can be somewhat vague.’
    • ‘This is a magical piece of theatre, with a streak of engaging, sly humour and playfulness that takes you into a theatrical world where naturalism and expressionism, realism and surrealism sit side by side.’
    • ‘He developed an idiosyncratic, instantly recognizable style that combined figurative expressionism with influences from Klimt, Schiele and Austrian Art Nouveau.’

Expressionists characteristically reject traditional ideas of beauty or harmony and use distortion, exaggeration, and other non-naturalistic devices in order to express emotional states. The paintings of El Greco and Grünewald exemplify expressionism in this broad sense, but the term is also used of a late 19th and 20th century European and specifically German movement tracing its origins to Van Gogh, Edvard Munch, and James Ensor, which insisted on the primacy of the artist's feelings and mood, often incorporating violence and the grotesque

Pronunciation

expressionism

/ɪkˈsprɛʃ(ə)nɪz(ə)m//ɛkˈsprɛʃ(ə)nɪz(ə)m/