Definition of experiment in English:

experiment

noun

  • 1A scientific procedure undertaken to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known fact.

    ‘a laboratory which carried out experiments on pigs’
    mass noun ‘I have tested this by experiment’
    • ‘Scientists run experiments on physical evidence and draw conclusions based on their results.’
    • ‘We test white mice and worms in labs and we do experiments on sheep and monkeys.’
    • ‘In a series of experiments on dogs he removed their kidneys and transplanted one back.’
    • ‘On August 26 he returned to his laboratory in New Jersey, and the following day began his experiments on his electric light bulb.’
    • ‘The role of starch reserves in tolerance to anaerobiosis has also been demonstrated in experiments on rhizomes of some wetland species.’
    • ‘Now, let's review the results of an experiment designed to test this hypothesis.’
    • ‘We are currently conducting the necessary experiments to test this hypothesis.’
    • ‘This was discovered after an experiment by the famous scientist, Sir Isaac Newton.’
    • ‘Government scientists later used the mine for experiments on seismic detection of underground explosions.’
    • ‘We relate our results to our own data from empirical studies and experiments on the species.’
    • ‘Having formulated their hypothesis, they conduct rigorous experiments to test it.’
    • ‘Such pauses and jumps have been observed in recent experiments on DNA unzipping.’
    • ‘People should place more reliance on animal studies than lab-based experiments on cells, he says.’
    • ‘The investigators first discovered trehalose during experiments on a faulty protein involved in HD.’
    • ‘Interestingly enough, such individuals were also hostile to scientific experiments on animals as well.’
    • ‘Scientists with experiments on the remaining three Maxus modules were equally positive.’
    • ‘It is one of seven scientific experiments on board the craft.’
    • ‘Carry out tests or experiments on these deductions in order not to prove them but to refute them.’
    • ‘However, other experiments on sugar maple did not confirm these observations.’
    • ‘His observations and experiments certainly demonstrate scientific method.’
    test, investigation, trial, enquiry, demonstration
    research, experimentation, observation, trial and error, analysis, testing
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A course of action tentatively adopted without being sure of the outcome.
      ‘the previous experiment in liberal democracy had ended in disaster’
      • ‘He knew that our experiment in self-government could fail if he had a serious lapse of judgment.’
      • ‘You are invited to become part of an experiment in poetry e-publishing.’
      • ‘This fiction is a slight departure from my usual writing style and is an experiment in itself.’
      • ‘The democratic experiment in some countries has failed insofar as it was ever tried.’
      • ‘This page is an experiment in interactivity which, as a journalist, I've found extremely exciting.’
      • ‘According to the director, it is a novel experiment in producing an action film cost-effectively.’
      • ‘This is one of them, a great experiment in the musical dimensions of the organ.’
      • ‘There is a growing support for its experiment in peace by peace-loving citizens from all over the world.’
      • ‘I really feel that I'm on your wavelength when you talk about the film being an experiment in spontaneity.’
      • ‘As an experiment in laziness, I decided not to shave on Saturday and Sunday.’
      • ‘Starting the blog was an experiment in trying a few different ways to address the limitations of our political process.’
      • ‘Time, then, to discuss the next experiment in Scottish architecture.’
      • ‘This was an interesting experiment in blogging on the move.’
      • ‘As an experiment in open source democracy it failed miserably.’
      • ‘It is certainly a socialist experiment in that it destroys individuality.’
      • ‘Other exiles find out about the news in various ways, an experiment in style.’
      • ‘These are still very early days for such a grand experiment in self-government.’
      • ‘What's in it for dictators who want no part of a democratic experiment in their region?’
      • ‘This intimate ritual is both an act of worship and an experiment in agronomy.’
      • ‘Brown has explained the song as an experiment in ‘the power of the percussive upbeat’.’

verb

[no object]
  • 1Perform a scientific procedure, especially in a laboratory, to determine something.

    ‘experimenting on animals causes suffering’
    • ‘The benefits of animal experiments are beside the point if experimenting on animals is immoral.’
    • ‘In truth it is the genetic similarity between humans and primates that makes experimenting on them expedient.’
    • ‘At the end of the day, we must realise that animals are not here to be exploited and experimented on by us.’
    • ‘From the second half of the 19th century onward, experimenting on animals became part of all medical curricula.’
    • ‘We were transported to another world and experimented on like guinea pigs.’
    • ‘He then went on to say that since animals habitually injure each other we should not worry unduly about experimenting on them in a good cause.’
    • ‘The animal they are experimenting on is not able to make such judgements, but can nevertheless suffer.’
    • ‘Life as we know it would not be possible without experimenting on animals.’
    • ‘Cloning humans while the technology is still new and unproven is akin to experimenting on babies.’
    • ‘Isaac Newton obtained some of Boyle's mysterious red powder and experimented on it.’
    • ‘The technique itself is prone to failure and amounts to experimenting on a human being.’
    • ‘She experimented on humans and saved a few from an early death.’
    • ‘The primates being experimented on in laboratories share over 95 per cent of their DNA with you.’
    • ‘You can prove or disprove anything you like by experimenting on different animals.’
    • ‘These are the views of those who stopped doctors experimenting on dead bodies in the 17th century.’
    • ‘Several institutions have experimented on servicemen without their knowledge.’
    • ‘It is here where some of the smallest particles in the universe are detected and experimented on using massive machines.’
    • ‘Concerns have been raised that doctors have not tested it on animals but are effectively experimenting on humans.’
    • ‘No one lightly goes into experimenting on primates or any other animal.’
    • ‘They've said there was the wrong drug in the vial which they experimented on the animals.’
    conduct experiments, carry out tests, carry out trials, conduct research
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    1. 1.1 Try out new ideas or methods.
      ‘the designers experimented with new ideas in lighting’
      • ‘They experimented with the idea of college, but ruled it out in favour of their music.’
      • ‘We had also experimented with our running method today.’
      • ‘Throughout his career he has experimented with diverse musical genres as rumba, soukous, salsa, highlife and afrobeat.’
      • ‘I also experimented with innovative methods of displaying my growing autograph collection.’
      • ‘To make the handling of nitroglycerine safer, he experimented with different additives.’
      • ‘The council experimented with this idea in 1986 and cancelled it six months later as patently it did not work.’
      • ‘Swindon is one of only 18 pilot areas across the country to have experimented with Internet and other new forms of polling technology.’
      • ‘This work actively experimented with language, grammar and structure - indeed, it was vital to the whole basis of the novel.’
      • ‘Basically, the coach just experimented with different lineups, depth and interchangeability.’
      • ‘That is something we very methodically experimented with for a full year.’
      • ‘So a unique method of clapping was experimented with and was found to work surprisingly well!’
      • ‘Two years ago, at a plant in Belgium, he and colleagues experimented with a process involving acetic acid, which gives vinegar its smell.’
      • ‘After experimenting on her own home, Louise did commissions for friends and family while working as a teacher.’
      • ‘We have always tried to bring new ideas to the table, experimented with different sounds, beats and ideas to keep what we are doing fresh and funky.’
      • ‘Specialist growers have experimented with garlic from all over Europe and breed the best strains suited to our climate.’
      • ‘During the voyage he experimented with the lunar position method of determining longitude.’
      • ‘Since the car was delivered last October he and his colleagues have experimented with it and laid the foundations for a number of research projects.’
      • ‘They experimented with the tactics and methods of their enemies, and adopted those which they found useful.’
      • ‘Some regions of China, looking for creative ways to improve local governance, have already experimented with the idea.’
      • ‘It's high time I experimented with regular sleeping patterns.’
      test, trial, experiment with, pilot
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin experimentum, from experiri ‘try’. Compare with experience and expert.

Pronunciation

experiment

/ɛkˈspɛrɪm(ə)nt//ɪkˈspɛrɪm(ə)nt/