One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Complete surgical removal of the eyeball and other contents of the eye socket, usually in cases of malignant cancer.
- ‘Accurate pre-operative assessment is essential to differentiate between these two so that surgery can be planned and adequate consent and patient information given especially if there is a possibility of orbital exenteration.’
- ‘At the time of the power outage, three patients were undergoing procedures - an anterior ankle fusion, a bilateral radical neck dissection, and a total pelvic exenteration.’
- ‘In every case the primary surgical aim was exenteration of retraction pocket disease with or without cholesteatoma.’
- ‘The following week, the patient underwent a palliative anterior pelvic exenteration of the urinary bladder with urinary diversion and partial vulvectomy involving the upper part of the vulva and clitoris.’
- ‘Historically, radical excision with orbital exenteration has been the standard treatment for paranasal sinus tumours that approached the eye.’
Mid 17th century (originally in the sense ‘disembowelment’): from Latin exenterat- ‘removed’, from the verb exenterare (suggested by Greek exenterizein), from ex- ‘out of’ + enteron ‘intestine’.
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