Definition of exenteration in English:

exenteration

noun

Medicine
  • [mass noun] Complete surgical removal of the eyeball and other contents of the eye socket, usually in cases of malignant cancer.

    • ‘At the time of the power outage, three patients were undergoing procedures - an anterior ankle fusion, a bilateral radical neck dissection, and a total pelvic exenteration.’
    • ‘Accurate pre-operative assessment is essential to differentiate between these two so that surgery can be planned and adequate consent and patient information given especially if there is a possibility of orbital exenteration.’
    • ‘Historically, radical excision with orbital exenteration has been the standard treatment for paranasal sinus tumours that approached the eye.’
    • ‘In every case the primary surgical aim was exenteration of retraction pocket disease with or without cholesteatoma.’
    • ‘The following week, the patient underwent a palliative anterior pelvic exenteration of the urinary bladder with urinary diversion and partial vulvectomy involving the upper part of the vulva and clitoris.’

Origin

Mid 17th century (originally in the sense ‘disembowelment’): from Latin exenterat- removed, from the verb exenterare (suggested by Greek exenterizein), from ex- out of + enteron intestine.

Pronunciation

exenteration

/ɪkˌsɛntəˈreɪʃ(ə)n//ɛkˌsɛntəˈreɪʃ(ə)n/