Definition of evidence in English:

evidence

noun

mass noun
  • 1The available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid.

    ‘the study finds little evidence of overt discrimination’
    • ‘The question, if one tries to balance all the available evidence, is a lot trickier than it may seem.’
    • ‘You could at least do us the honour of pretending you care whether there's any evidence or not before you act.’
    • ‘There is also a substantial body of evidence that would support a contrary argument.’
    • ‘The body of evidence on the health of swine clones is considerably more limited than for bovine clones.’
    • ‘The shadow of the Earth cast on the Moon during an eclipse added experimental evidence to the belief.’
    • ‘There is a difference between something being true and there being evidence.’
    • ‘As a scientist, I would ask him to present some credible evidence for this belief.’
    • ‘The evidence now questions whether the grounds on which we went to war were right.’
    • ‘Well I do not know where you would get that idea but I have no evidence of this being true.’
    • ‘We have attempted to find the best available evidence for the topics we discuss.’
    • ‘Thirdly, wise policy decisions can only be based upon the best available evidence.’
    • ‘Insufficient evidence is available to judge whether this relation is cause and effect.’
    • ‘At the moment it appears that workers do not have to provide evidence of their belief.’
    • ‘There is no evidence to suggest whether the sniffers are local or are from outside the area.’
    • ‘He pondered whether such video evidence might be used to counter the threat of a touchline ban.’
    • ‘Now what matters is not how a treatment is categorised but whether there's evidence to support it.’
    • ‘Major studies based on a growing body of evidence show that pesticides are not safe.’
    • ‘This is not because it would be unsafe, but because we have no evidence to suggest whether or not it is safe.’
    • ‘This pattern is consistent within the whole body of evidence in the present study.’
    • ‘The limited evidence available indicated that the advice given was generally good.’
    proof, confirmation, verification, substantiation, corroboration, affirmation, authentication, attestation, documentation
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Law Information drawn from personal testimony, a document, or a material object, used to establish facts in a legal investigation or admissible as testimony in a law court.
      ‘without evidence, they can't bring a charge’
      • ‘The claimant introduced the documentary evidence at the start of the hearing.’
      • ‘He is entitled by law to call evidence and to be represented by counsel at such a hearing.’
      • ‘For the Crown it is argued that this evidence was admissible but not as evidence of similar facts.’
      • ‘In the absence of such evidence we see no need for the Attorney General to lead evidence in rebuttal.’
      • ‘The answer to this question depends on what evidence was properly admissible at the trial.’
      proof, confirmation, verification, substantiation, corroboration, affirmation, authentication, attestation, documentation
      testimony, statement, sworn statement, attestation, declaration, avowal, plea, submission, claim, contention, charge, allegation
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Signs or indications of something.
      ‘there was no obvious evidence of a break-in’
      • ‘How is our sense of place affected by evidences of globalization?’
      • ‘The evidences are all there that there is a supernatural being.’
      • ‘That there is not even a single Muslim district magistrate or senior superintendent of police in any of the 70 districts and police harassment were clear evidences of the government's bias against Muslims, he said.’
      • ‘But there is peril ahead if we don't modernize the system, invest in energy the way we need to, because there will be other evidences of problems coming up.’
      • ‘If some in the present ministry have been charge-sheeted in various criminal cases, there were also quite a few ministers and party in the earlier government with audio-visual evidences of their taking bribes.’
      • ‘Many other interesting evidences of liberality on behalf of the lord of the soil present themselves, which are well worthy of notice.’
      • ‘The end of the twentieth century also brought evidences of decline, marked by ephemera, bombastic spectacle, revivals from better times, and periodic infusions of life from Europe and England.’
      • ‘Since there are some evidences for both, they are indicated by Roman but not bolded letters in the transcription shown above.’
      • ‘These evidences indicated that houseflies could be used as a model system, with the possible wider application of alleviating symptoms of aging in human subjects.’
      • ‘There are a variety of additional evidences, which indicate that most, if not all, of the Columbia River basalts were extruded underwater.’
      • ‘Every now and then the scientist and anthropologists discovers new evidences, which fortify India's claim of being culturally most advanced in the ancient times.’
      • ‘Citing several discrepancies including mistake in name of the girl in the report the court decided to ignore the DNA test reports and reached to a conclusion depending on other evidences.’
      • ‘Everywhere are evidences of faded ambitions and forlorn whistles in the dark…’
      • ‘Well, first, there are historical evidences for the text.’
      • ‘Subtle evidences are indications of the trend to suppress public display of Christianity in favor of other religions, paganism, or simply anti-Christian sentiment.’
      • ‘The first is an attempt to see whether there is evidence of Greek influence.’
      • ‘Group III consisted of 30 clinical samples collected from lesions that had definitive evidences of non tuberculous disease conditions, was included as negative control.’
      • ‘There are several evidences of his appreciation of the greatest Soviet ruler.’
      signs, indications, pointers, marks, traces, suggestions, hints
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Be or show evidence of.

    ‘the quality of the bracelet, as evidenced by the workmanship, is exceptional’
    • ‘Access to the port was difficult and dangerous as evidenced by the number of shipwrecks.’
    • ‘Civil Defence has to deal with a wide diversity of procedures as was evidenced by some of the activities.’
    • ‘This was evidenced by the record crowds that attended the opening day on Tuesday.’
    • ‘Just how the Court can determine whether a plea is or is not ‘tainted over much by self interest’ would, in my respectful view, be difficult to establish, where the plea is not to be regarded as evidencing remorse.’
    • ‘Its importance in social history is immense as can be evidenced in the museum.’
    • ‘He uses their lies to confront the political opposition and force them to deny them without ever evidencing any qualms that he might be helping to spread falsehoods and wrong impressions by doing so.’
    • ‘The alternate ending has been widely anticipated in the U.S. as evidenced by internet chatter.’
    • ‘The question of player responsiveness to virtual game environments has long been a thorny one, with many contributions to the debate evidencing fears and anxieties about the perceived powers of (new games) technology.’
    • ‘This was evidenced by the long queues for the bouncy castle and frequent shrill requests for ice-cream.’
    • ‘But she is certainly disabled, as evidenced by a comprehensive absence of limbs.’
    • ‘This was evidenced in the cohesive and selfless display against Rangers.’
    • ‘The opposite is evidenced by a total lack of energy and willpower, with sleep not helping even if manageable.’
    • ‘He is no doubt a serious man as evidenced by what he told the councillors when he was elected mayor recently.’
    • ‘I see that film as evidencing the insidious effects of a creeping, dangerous worldview slowly infecting a small group of people, and then one by one destroying them.’
    • ‘The author herself was visibly moved by the goodwill and support that was evidenced by the large crowd.’
    • ‘York had not used the wind well before the break and their lack of boot power was evidenced as they repeatedly failed to clear their lines.’
    • ‘Certainly the scale of the problem is not evidenced in police statistics.’
    • ‘And today, as evidenced by the drowsy street outside, was the day of rest.’
    • ‘This can be evidenced by the way cruising has exploded over the last ten years.’
    • ‘The tension was getting to everyone as was evidenced by a scuffle amongst players and officials in the tunnel.’
    indicate, show, reveal, be evidence of, display, exhibit, manifest, denote, evince, signify
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Phrases

  • call someone in evidence

    • Summon someone as a witness.

  • give evidence

    • Give information and answer questions formally and in person in a law court or at an inquiry.

      ‘the person concerned may refuse to give evidence’
      • ‘I presume she gave evidence in response to questions asked of her by the prosecutor.’
      • ‘Do they relate to the transactions about which your affidavit gives evidence?’
      • ‘The third parties were not represented but they gave evidence in the Crown Court.’
      • ‘None who gave evidence at the inquiry were ever challenged even though some of them did not know the Jones family.’
      • ‘They involve each claimant getting into the witness box and giving evidence as to what happened to them.’
  • in evidence

    • Noticeable; conspicuous.

      ‘his dramatic flair is still very much in evidence’
      • ‘That desire was strongly in evidence in a Gaullist France even during the Cold War.’
      • ‘The fun aspect of the event was very much in evidence as the children did their best to get dressed up for the day.’
      • ‘But on the night we visited it was well below zero, and there were no youngsters in evidence.’
      • ‘Then the grasshoppers and other fair weather insects will be in evidence.’
      • ‘Heavy rainfall was experienced over a few days and hailstone was also in evidence.’
      • ‘Indeed family atmosphere is very much in evidence as one walks around the Institute.’
      • ‘At the counter the man who had sold me Tokyo was no longer in evidence; no doubt he had been instantly promoted.’
      • ‘All those familiar dimensions of the overnight stay were soon in evidence.’
      • ‘Its Victorian heritage is in evidence in the grand frontages that line the sea front and perch on the chalky cliffs.’
      • ‘Since the stock market crash of 2000, the star fund managers are less in evidence.’
      noticeable, conspicuous, obvious, perceptible, perceivable, visible, on view, on display, easily seen, easily noticed, plain to see
      View synonyms
  • turn King's (or Queen's) evidence

    • (of a criminal) give information in court against one's partners in order to receive a less severe punishment.

      ‘in exchange for not being prosecuted he agreed to turn Queen's evidence’
      • ‘Two of his codefendants confessed to their parts in the robbery, and one codefendant turned state's evidence in return for a reduced sentence.’
      • ‘Some read it as a cautionary tale for anyone contemplating turning state's evidence in antitrust trials.’
      • ‘And his drug suppliers turned state's evidence basically, got immunity and turned him in to a multi-agency taskforce.’
      • ‘Jackson turned state's evidence against his cohorts.’
      • ‘He's thinking of turning state's evidence and wants me to try to get him immunity after the mess with the Bulls is cleared up.’
      • ‘He is currently serving seven years after admitting his role and has told the court he would have received 28 years if he had not turned Queen's evidence.’
      • ‘One turned state's evidence, admitted his involvement and expressed remorse.’
      • ‘Tye turned state's evidence, and has never been charged.’
      • ‘He must say that I shall only leave him alone if he turns King's evidence and tells all he knows of the plot against the King.’
      • ‘This book relies predominantly on the evidence of pentiti, mafiosi who have turned state's evidence, to piece together a history.’
  • turn state's evidence

    • (of a criminal) give information in court against one's partners in order to receive a less severe punishment oneself.

      • ‘Tye turned state's evidence, and has never been charged.’
      • ‘Jackson turned state's evidence against his cohorts.’
      • ‘One turned state's evidence, admitted his involvement and expressed remorse.’
      • ‘This book relies predominantly on the evidence of pentiti, mafiosi who have turned state's evidence, to piece together a history.’
      • ‘He is currently serving seven years after admitting his role and has told the court he would have received 28 years if he had not turned Queen's evidence.’
      • ‘He must say that I shall only leave him alone if he turns King's evidence and tells all he knows of the plot against the King.’
      • ‘He's thinking of turning state's evidence and wants me to try to get him immunity after the mess with the Bulls is cleared up.’
      • ‘Some read it as a cautionary tale for anyone contemplating turning state's evidence in antitrust trials.’
      • ‘Two of his codefendants confessed to their parts in the robbery, and one codefendant turned state's evidence in return for a reduced sentence.’
      • ‘And his drug suppliers turned state's evidence basically, got immunity and turned him in to a multi-agency taskforce.’

Origin

Middle English: via Old French from Latin evidentia, from evident- ‘obvious to the eye or mind’ (see evident).

Pronunciation

evidence

/ˈɛvɪd(ə)ns/