Definition of evidence in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief or proposition is true or valid.

    ‘the study finds little evidence of overt discrimination’
    • ‘You could at least do us the honour of pretending you care whether there's any evidence or not before you act.’
    • ‘This pattern is consistent within the whole body of evidence in the present study.’
    • ‘As a scientist, I would ask him to present some credible evidence for this belief.’
    • ‘Major studies based on a growing body of evidence show that pesticides are not safe.’
    • ‘The limited evidence available indicated that the advice given was generally good.’
    • ‘Thirdly, wise policy decisions can only be based upon the best available evidence.’
    • ‘This is not because it would be unsafe, but because we have no evidence to suggest whether or not it is safe.’
    • ‘The question, if one tries to balance all the available evidence, is a lot trickier than it may seem.’
    • ‘Well I do not know where you would get that idea but I have no evidence of this being true.’
    • ‘Insufficient evidence is available to judge whether this relation is cause and effect.’
    • ‘The body of evidence on the health of swine clones is considerably more limited than for bovine clones.’
    • ‘There is a difference between something being true and there being evidence.’
    • ‘At the moment it appears that workers do not have to provide evidence of their belief.’
    • ‘There is no evidence to suggest whether the sniffers are local or are from outside the area.’
    • ‘The shadow of the Earth cast on the Moon during an eclipse added experimental evidence to the belief.’
    • ‘The evidence now questions whether the grounds on which we went to war were right.’
    • ‘He pondered whether such video evidence might be used to counter the threat of a touchline ban.’
    • ‘We have attempted to find the best available evidence for the topics we discuss.’
    • ‘There is also a substantial body of evidence that would support a contrary argument.’
    • ‘Now what matters is not how a treatment is categorised but whether there's evidence to support it.’
    proof, confirmation, verification, substantiation, corroboration, affirmation, authentication, attestation, documentation
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    1. 1.1Law Information drawn from personal testimony, a document, or a material object, used to establish facts in a legal investigation or admissible as testimony in a law court.
      ‘without evidence, they can't bring a charge’
      • ‘For the Crown it is argued that this evidence was admissible but not as evidence of similar facts.’
      • ‘In the absence of such evidence we see no need for the Attorney General to lead evidence in rebuttal.’
      • ‘He is entitled by law to call evidence and to be represented by counsel at such a hearing.’
      • ‘The answer to this question depends on what evidence was properly admissible at the trial.’
      • ‘The claimant introduced the documentary evidence at the start of the hearing.’
      testimony, statement, sworn statement, attestation, declaration, avowal, plea, submission, claim, contention, charge, allegation
      proof, confirmation, verification, substantiation, corroboration, affirmation, authentication, attestation, documentation
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    2. 1.2Signs or indications of something.
      ‘there was no obvious evidence of a break-in’
      • ‘Well, first, there are historical evidences for the text.’
      • ‘Group III consisted of 30 clinical samples collected from lesions that had definitive evidences of non tuberculous disease conditions, was included as negative control.’
      • ‘The first is an attempt to see whether there is evidence of Greek influence.’
      • ‘If some in the present ministry have been charge-sheeted in various criminal cases, there were also quite a few ministers and party in the earlier government with audio-visual evidences of their taking bribes.’
      • ‘There are a variety of additional evidences, which indicate that most, if not all, of the Columbia River basalts were extruded underwater.’
      • ‘How is our sense of place affected by evidences of globalization?’
      • ‘There are several evidences of his appreciation of the greatest Soviet ruler.’
      • ‘The end of the twentieth century also brought evidences of decline, marked by ephemera, bombastic spectacle, revivals from better times, and periodic infusions of life from Europe and England.’
      • ‘Many other interesting evidences of liberality on behalf of the lord of the soil present themselves, which are well worthy of notice.’
      • ‘Citing several discrepancies including mistake in name of the girl in the report the court decided to ignore the DNA test reports and reached to a conclusion depending on other evidences.’
      • ‘But there is peril ahead if we don't modernize the system, invest in energy the way we need to, because there will be other evidences of problems coming up.’
      • ‘Since there are some evidences for both, they are indicated by Roman but not bolded letters in the transcription shown above.’
      • ‘Everywhere are evidences of faded ambitions and forlorn whistles in the dark…’
      • ‘The evidences are all there that there is a supernatural being.’
      • ‘Every now and then the scientist and anthropologists discovers new evidences, which fortify India's claim of being culturally most advanced in the ancient times.’
      • ‘Subtle evidences are indications of the trend to suppress public display of Christianity in favor of other religions, paganism, or simply anti-Christian sentiment.’
      • ‘That there is not even a single Muslim district magistrate or senior superintendent of police in any of the 70 districts and police harassment were clear evidences of the government's bias against Muslims, he said.’
      • ‘These evidences indicated that houseflies could be used as a model system, with the possible wider application of alleviating symptoms of aging in human subjects.’
      signs, indications, pointers, marks, traces, suggestions, hints
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  • Be or show evidence of.

    ‘the quality of the bracelet, as evidenced by the workmanship, is exceptional’
    • ‘This was evidenced by the long queues for the bouncy castle and frequent shrill requests for ice-cream.’
    • ‘This can be evidenced by the way cruising has exploded over the last ten years.’
    • ‘And today, as evidenced by the drowsy street outside, was the day of rest.’
    • ‘Civil Defence has to deal with a wide diversity of procedures as was evidenced by some of the activities.’
    • ‘But she is certainly disabled, as evidenced by a comprehensive absence of limbs.’
    • ‘The tension was getting to everyone as was evidenced by a scuffle amongst players and officials in the tunnel.’
    • ‘Its importance in social history is immense as can be evidenced in the museum.’
    • ‘The question of player responsiveness to virtual game environments has long been a thorny one, with many contributions to the debate evidencing fears and anxieties about the perceived powers of (new games) technology.’
    • ‘He is no doubt a serious man as evidenced by what he told the councillors when he was elected mayor recently.’
    • ‘Just how the Court can determine whether a plea is or is not ‘tainted over much by self interest’ would, in my respectful view, be difficult to establish, where the plea is not to be regarded as evidencing remorse.’
    • ‘The opposite is evidenced by a total lack of energy and willpower, with sleep not helping even if manageable.’
    • ‘Certainly the scale of the problem is not evidenced in police statistics.’
    • ‘This was evidenced in the cohesive and selfless display against Rangers.’
    • ‘Access to the port was difficult and dangerous as evidenced by the number of shipwrecks.’
    • ‘York had not used the wind well before the break and their lack of boot power was evidenced as they repeatedly failed to clear their lines.’
    • ‘This was evidenced by the record crowds that attended the opening day on Tuesday.’
    • ‘He uses their lies to confront the political opposition and force them to deny them without ever evidencing any qualms that he might be helping to spread falsehoods and wrong impressions by doing so.’
    • ‘The author herself was visibly moved by the goodwill and support that was evidenced by the large crowd.’
    • ‘I see that film as evidencing the insidious effects of a creeping, dangerous worldview slowly infecting a small group of people, and then one by one destroying them.’
    • ‘The alternate ending has been widely anticipated in the U.S. as evidenced by internet chatter.’
    indicate, show, reveal, be evidence of, display, exhibit, manifest, denote, evince, signify
    testify to, attest to, verify, confirm, prove, substantiate, endorse, back up, support, bear out, give credence to
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  • call someone in evidence

    • Summon someone as a witness.

  • give evidence

    • Give information and answer questions formally and in person in a law court or at an inquiry.

      ‘the person concerned may refuse to give evidence’
      • ‘They involve each claimant getting into the witness box and giving evidence as to what happened to them.’
      • ‘None who gave evidence at the inquiry were ever challenged even though some of them did not know the Jones family.’
      • ‘Do they relate to the transactions about which your affidavit gives evidence?’
      • ‘The third parties were not represented but they gave evidence in the Crown Court.’
      • ‘I presume she gave evidence in response to questions asked of her by the prosecutor.’
  • in evidence

    • Noticeable; conspicuous.

      ‘his dramatic flair is still very much in evidence’
      • ‘But on the night we visited it was well below zero, and there were no youngsters in evidence.’
      • ‘The fun aspect of the event was very much in evidence as the children did their best to get dressed up for the day.’
      • ‘That desire was strongly in evidence in a Gaullist France even during the Cold War.’
      • ‘Indeed family atmosphere is very much in evidence as one walks around the Institute.’
      • ‘Then the grasshoppers and other fair weather insects will be in evidence.’
      • ‘Since the stock market crash of 2000, the star fund managers are less in evidence.’
      • ‘Its Victorian heritage is in evidence in the grand frontages that line the sea front and perch on the chalky cliffs.’
      • ‘All those familiar dimensions of the overnight stay were soon in evidence.’
      • ‘Heavy rainfall was experienced over a few days and hailstone was also in evidence.’
      • ‘At the counter the man who had sold me Tokyo was no longer in evidence; no doubt he had been instantly promoted.’
      noticeable, conspicuous, obvious, perceptible, perceivable, visible, on view, on display, easily seen, easily noticed, plain to see
      palpable, tangible, unmistakable, undisguised, unconcealed, prominent, striking, glaring, writ large
      as plain as the nose on your face, as plain as a pikestaff, standing out like a sore thumb, sticking out like a sore thumb, standing out a mile, sticking out a mile, right under one's nose, staring someone in the face, written all over someone
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  • turn king's (or queen'sor usstate's) evidence

    • (of a criminal) give information in court against one's partners in order to receive a less severe punishment.

      ‘in exchange for not being prosecuted he agreed to turn Queen's evidence’
      • ‘He must say that I shall only leave him alone if he turns King's evidence and tells all he knows of the plot against the King.’
      • ‘Tye turned state's evidence, and has never been charged.’
      • ‘Jackson turned state's evidence against his cohorts.’
      • ‘He's thinking of turning state's evidence and wants me to try to get him immunity after the mess with the Bulls is cleared up.’
      • ‘One turned state's evidence, admitted his involvement and expressed remorse.’
      • ‘And his drug suppliers turned state's evidence basically, got immunity and turned him in to a multi-agency taskforce.’
      • ‘This book relies predominantly on the evidence of pentiti, mafiosi who have turned state's evidence, to piece together a history.’
      • ‘Some read it as a cautionary tale for anyone contemplating turning state's evidence in antitrust trials.’
      • ‘Two of his codefendants confessed to their parts in the robbery, and one codefendant turned state's evidence in return for a reduced sentence.’
      • ‘He is currently serving seven years after admitting his role and has told the court he would have received 28 years if he had not turned Queen's evidence.’


Middle English: via Old French from Latin evidentia, from evident- obvious to the eye or mind (see evident).