Definition of Eucharist in English:

Eucharist

noun

  • 1The Christian service, ceremony, or sacrament commemorating the Last Supper, in which bread and wine are consecrated and consumed.

    ‘we went to an early morning Eucharist’
    ‘the daily celebration of the Eucharist’
    • ‘On days when there is no Mass there will be prayer assembly and Eucharist at 10.00 am except on Mondays when it will be at 7.00 pm.’
    • ‘While a great many Christians celebrate the Eucharist, there is some variation as to how the gifts are understood.’
    • ‘Worshipers share bread and wine in the Eucharist as a sign of their unity with each other and with Jesus.’
    • ‘The Eucharist records Christ's breaking of the bread at the Last Supper.’
    • ‘When the church disallows women to lead the celebration of the Eucharist, it is at odds with scripture.’
    • ‘His bodily gestures at the altar in presiding at the Eucharist, especially in consecrating the bread and wine, were important.’
    1. 1.1 The consecrated elements, especially the bread.
      ‘he was wheeled close to the altar to receive the Eucharist’
      • ‘And most amazing, we get to receive the Eucharist into our spirits, souls and bodies.’
      • ‘But, receiving the Eucharist also means that one is in fact in full communion with Christ and His Church.’
      • ‘Specifically, he was making the case for allowing divorced and married persons to be allowed to receive the Eucharist.’
      • ‘Instead, they hold Communion services where the Eucharist is distributed using previously consecrated hosts.’
      • ‘Such ornamental containers were created to house the consecrated Eucharist for the communion service.’

The bread and wine are referred to as the body and blood of Christ, though much theological controversy has focused on how substantially or symbolically this is to be interpreted. The service of worship is also called Holy Communion or (chiefly in the Protestant tradition) the Lord's Supper or (chiefly in the Catholic tradition) the Mass. See also consubstantiation, transubstantiation

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French eucariste, based on ecclesiastical Greek eukharistia ‘thanksgiving’, from Greek eukharistos ‘grateful’, from eu ‘well’ + kharizesthai ‘offer graciously’ (from kharis ‘grace’).

Pronunciation

Eucharist

/ˈjuːk(ə)rɪst/