Definition of Ethiopian in English:

Ethiopian

noun

  • 1A native or inhabitant of Ethiopia, or a person of Ethiopian descent.

    • ‘Joseph will come up against stiff competition in the 26-mile marathon dominated by the East Africans, Kenyans and Ethiopians.’
    • ‘Amhara and other Ethiopians are prime marathon runners because the high altitude prepares them well for competition in other countries.’
    • ‘The restaurant's owners may come from Khartoum, but it's easy to forget that the country itself is a vast melting pot of cultures, with Arabs, African Dinka, Ethiopians and Egyptians.’
    • ‘For Ethiopians, the national sport has been the marathon ever since Abebe Bikila ran barefoot under torchlight to the Olympic gold medal in Rome 44 years ago.’
    • ‘In 2003, the government sought to expel an estimated 100,000 illegal immigrants, largely Ethiopians and Somalis, from the country.’
    • ‘Americans, Russians, Europeans, Asians and Ethiopians are all part of the Jewish people.’
    • ‘The victims included a Puerto Rican-born American, an Ethiopian, a Croatian, and three Timorese.’
    • ‘In 1941, he put this into practice by organizing Somalis and Ethiopians to fight against the Italian occupiers in Abyssinia, in order to restore Emperor Haile Selassie as ruler.’
    • ‘Few Ethiopians dress in their native attire except on special occasions.’
    • ‘The Ethiopians believe that they are descended from a child born to King Solomon and Queen Bilqis.’
    • ‘Between 1897 and 1908, Italy made agreements with the Ethiopians and the British that marked out the boundaries of Italian Somaliland.’
    • ‘Fish is also eaten, though it is not a popular dish among the native Ethiopians.’
    • ‘Hasan and his army, called Dervishes, fought the Ethiopians and later the British from 1900 to 1920.’
    • ‘However, the United Nation's World Food Programme says that with nine million Ethiopians in need of food aid and rains in the country becoming ever more unreliable, the talking should not go on too long.’
    • ‘They could identify their enslavement with that of the Jews or see the Ethiopians mentioned in the Bible as their ancient ancestors.’
  • 2archaic A black person.

    • ‘In terms of the general contour of their bodies, they resemble monstrous men, gigantic in stature, black like Ethiopians in skin color, agile like serpents, ferocious like lions.’
    • ‘Jeremiah asks a burning question, ‘Can the Ethiopian change the color of his skin or a leopard its spots?’’

adjective

  • 1Relating to Ethiopia or its people.

    • ‘South African, Ethiopian and Mozambican troops are deployed here as peacekeepers under the African Union banner.’
    • ‘At the height of the Ethiopia famine in 1984, her work in publicising the suffering of the Ethiopian people enabled the Church in Britain to raise £4.75 million for the emergency.’
    • ‘I wasn't in the mood for political talk that evening, so spent most of my time with Manna, Muazaz and the other ladies listening to Manna's explanation of her Ethiopian art collection.’
    • ‘With that rich history comes the celebration of Christmas unique to Ethiopian Christians, who make up about 40 percent of the country's population.’
    • ‘In her discussion of dress and ethnic identity among a variety of Ethiopian groups, Peri Klemm described how Oromo spirit mediums use adornment and body modification to attract and repel spirits.’
    • ‘Originally aiming to raise a conservative £1 million for the Ethiopian cause, Live Aid finished up as an unbelievable success, reaching 150 times the initial target.’
    • ‘Her name is Abebech Cobena, a resident of the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, who's used some of the experience of her own life to begin helping the less fortunate children of her community.’
    • ‘On Tuesday 24 August the event focuses on Ethiopian writers such as Shantam Shubisa, who is also an internationally recognised singer from the Oromo tribe in Ethiopia.’
    • ‘In March of 1997, barely a month into his job, Stiglitz flew to Addis Ababa to meet with a group of Ethiopian officials who had become embroiled in a bitter dispute with the IMF.’
    • ‘When the Ethiopian team returned from last year's Sydney Games with a haul of four gold medals, more than one million people crammed into the square to congratulate them and join in the celebrations.’
    • ‘If you've ever seen his images of Ethiopian refugee camps in 1984 or the Sierra Pelada gold mine in Brazil, you'll have filed them in your memory under the heading ‘hell on earth’.’
    • ‘Djibouti, which has a good natural harbor and ready access to the Ethiopian highlands, attracted trade caravans crossing East Africa as well as Somali settlers from the south.’
    • ‘At the end of the Second World War, the Allies awarded Italy's former colony to the Ethiopian emperor, Haile Selassie, without consulting its inhabitants.’
    • ‘When the aid agency and the Ethiopian government fell out badly over the delivery of food to Eritrea James was sent in to sort the situation.’
    • ‘Onions are fried without oil, giving a distinctive flavour to Ethiopian stews.’
    • ‘It's against this backdrop that the Ethiopian government is now appealing for $320 million to feed the hungry and care for the most vulnerable of its citizens.’
    • ‘This Ethiopian farmer is facing famine again and, to keep his eight children alive, has been reduced to collecting wood and grass from the bush to sell at market.’
    • ‘But, in September, the Ethiopian government rejected the commission's ruling, mainly because it attributed the highly symbolic border village of Badme to Eritrea.’
    • ‘During the Ethiopian famine in the 1980s, the UN squandered $75m on apartment blocks for its staff, while its failure to assemble transport vehicles left food rotting on the dockside.’
    • ‘He was already in a thoughtful, if not doleful, frame of mind when images from the 1984 Ethiopian famine flashed across his television screen and propelled him back to the world stage.’
    • ‘Legend has it that an Ethiopian shepherd discovered the coffee plant when his animals stayed up all night after eating its berries.’
  • 2Zoology
    Relating to or denoting a zoogeographical region comprising Africa south of the Sahara, together with the tropical part of the Arabian peninsula and (usually) Madagascar. Distinctive animals include the giraffes, hippopotamuses, aardvark, elephant shrews, tenrecs, and lemurs.

    Also called Afrotropical
    • ‘As a result, wildlife managers must trap and sedate Ethiopian wolves individually and vaccinate them by hand during rabies outbreaks - an expensive and time-consuming process.’
    • ‘Close monitoring and rapid, targeted vaccinations may be the best way to protect the Ethiopian wolf, the world's rarest canine, against extinction.’
    • ‘The Ethiopian wolf is the most endangered species in the group of animals known as canids.’
    • ‘A single specimen of the Ethiopian water mouse, found near the source of the Little Abbai river, a tributary of the Blue Nile, has led to it being included on the Red List for the first time.’
    • ‘Thousands of Ethiopian wolves once roamed much of the country's mountainous north, but their numbers have fallen dramatically in recent decades as farmers encroached on their habitat.’
    • ‘There are three easy-to-see, endemic, large mammals: the mountain nyala, Ethiopian wolf and gelada baboon.’

Pronunciation

Ethiopian

/iːθɪˈəʊpɪən/