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[mass noun] A synthetic compound with bacteriostatic properties, used in combination with other drugs in the treatment of tuberculosis.
- ‘Susceptibility testing showed that the organism was highly resistant to isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol, and ethionamide.’
- ‘The patient made a full symptomatic recovery on ethambutol, streptomycin and isoniazid.’
- ‘After treatment with isoniazid, rifampicin, and ethambutol, clinical recovery was prompt: the fever quickly resolved, and within a week laboratory studies showed normal values.’
- ‘The patient was treated with isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol, and streptomycin (despite in vitro resistance to isoniazid and rifampin).’
- ‘She completed a 1-year course of treatment with rifabutin, ethambutol, and clarithromycin, and remains well.’
1960s: from eth(yl) + am(ine) + but(an)ol.
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