Definition of etc. in English:


(also &c.)


  • Used at the end of a list to indicate that further, similar items are included.

    ‘protect seedling from damage caused by feet, lawnmowers, pets, etc.’
    ‘human beings engage in various sorts of mental activities—thinking, feeling, remembering, experiencing pain, making decisions, etc.’
    • ‘This means that any time the song is used in films, TV shows etc. royalties have to be paid.’
    • ‘The terms of the agreement will usually specify what charges etc. may be payable.’
    • ‘Many stage characters have mothers, brothers, etc. who appear on stage often in the same scene.’
    • ‘Outwardly it does not appear to be a mosque because the pulpit, arches etc., are made of wood.’
    • ‘I often wonder how postmen, milkmen, window cleaners etc., cope with a call to nature.’
    • ‘Yes, there are mass murderers, terrorists etc. that I would like to see dead.’
    • ‘Do you keep some type of planner, organizer, calendar, etc. with you, and do you use it regularly?’
    • ‘There is no need for householders to dump items of furniture etc. in back streets or elsewhere.’
    • ‘I came home via work to collect car and laptops, etc. for the office in Darlington.’
    • ‘You call her back, express regrets etc. and organise for her to pick up a house key from another friend.’
    • ‘I rely on my income to pay the mortgage, etc. and I couldn't afford to give up my job.’
    • ‘I feel that using technology for offsides, penalties, etc. would be unrealistic.’
    • ‘Anyone who cannot make it for the meal is welcome to come for the dancing, etc., afterwards.’
    • ‘If you would like to donate cakes, buns, etc., it will be greatly appreciated by the club.’
    • ‘Perhaps if they had done some research prior to giving up their jobs, lives etc. they might have been better off.’
    • ‘Just think of the pensions cut short or never paid due to early death from lung cancer, etc.?’
    • ‘Axing this job would mean that some of the essential work, such as street cleaning etc., could be retained.’
    • ‘What does research into the effects on fish, plants and wild animals, etc. show?’
    • ‘An email letting people know how to deal with the latest viruses etc. sounds logical to me.’
    • ‘So I can control all the firewall rules, virus updates etc. from the server.’
    and so on, and so forth, and so on and so forth, and the rest, and the like, or the like, and suchlike, or suchlike, and more of the same, or more of the same, and similar things, or similar things, et cetera et cetera, and others, among others, et al., etc.
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Late Middle English: short for et cetera.