Definition of estate in English:



  • 1An extensive area of land in the country, usually with a large house, owned by one person, family, or organization.

    • ‘The castle passed to Charles Lewis of St. Pierre, who bought it outright in 1857, adding to his extensive estates in the area.’
    • ‘Red grouse is the most popular game bird in Scotland, where hunting on the large estates is both a cherished sport and one of great economic importance.’
    • ‘Landowners with estates on which crofters or tenant farmers live are facing a different economic climate since the land reform legislation was passed.’
    • ‘The church, with estates spread across the whole of western Europe, was a vast feudal corporation.’
    • ‘In addition, the Imperial Family's extensive estates and personal property were confiscated.’
    • ‘His family owns an estate in the country as well as a house in town and as eldest son he stands to inherit quite a tidy sum.’
    • ‘Bobby and his wife Margaret took their breaks at their house in Carsphairn near the family estate.’
    • ‘The grandparents then withdraw to another house on the family estate and cultivate their own land as long as they can.’
    • ‘A small manor estate might contain a dozen families while larger estates might include fifty or sixty.’
    • ‘These include extensive country estates at Emmersdorf and Mollenburg and a house in a top location in Vienna's city centre.’
    • ‘For 400 years it was the seat of the Tremayne family, an estate of over 1000 acres.’
    • ‘It is also one of the top attractions for the flocks of visitors who visit the Wharfedale stately home and its extensive estate and grounds.’
    • ‘Once a country estate house, it was built in 1810 and remained a family home until more recent times.’
    • ‘A successful merchant and Alderman of London, Fitzwilliam made numerous land purchases, including the family's first estates in Ireland.’
    • ‘Stott sums up his forty years at Down House, his country estate in Kent, with an apt metaphor.’
    • ‘He owns a family estate in Mittagong, a south coast beach house, and a string of other investments.’
    • ‘Most of the region's farm laborers work on large estates (latifundios).’
    • ‘The house is built on the edge of a ridge, and the old boundaries of the estate are visible, marked by trees and hedges rolling down to the Somerset flats where peat is still dug.’
    • ‘The name of the family estate was changed from Lundie to Camperdown and areas of the town, including the harbour, changed their name in his honour.’
    • ‘As poisoned birds of prey are sometimes found on or near shooting estates, it is possible that they were deliberately targeted in an attempt to protect gamebirds.’
    property, grounds, park, parkland, piece of land, tract, landholding, manor, domain, territory
    grounds, ground, fields, open space, open area
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    1. 1.1British An area of land and modern buildings developed for residential, industrial, or commercial purposes.
      ‘Lucy and Tony live on an estate in West London’
      ‘a housing estate’
      ‘an industrial estate’
      • ‘The report stresses the importance of ensuring that all new estates are landscaped and finished off properly as quickly as possible.’
      • ‘We managed to lobby the government to let the private sector build and own an industrial estate.’
      • ‘The area's many estates are a breeding ground for yobbish, criminal behaviour.’
      • ‘The residents are also up in arms against a handful of householders who are using public green areas adjacent to the estate as a tip for domestic refuse.’
      • ‘But the reality for working class people was run-down estates and insecurity.’
      • ‘Campaigners fighting a proposed new homeless centre in a residential estate have leafleted homeowners urging them to protest against the plans.’
      • ‘It is the country's largest industrial estate, consisting of about 2,400 large and small industries.’
      • ‘We have lost so many of our old buildings to new estates.’
      • ‘His photographs of the outskirts of British suburban housing estates are both familiar and unnerving.’
      • ‘A successful crime-busting programme which has turned a notorious estate into a sought-after residential area is in line for a top national award.’
      • ‘What enjoyment does a 21-year-old single mother of three living in a council sink estate get?’
      • ‘Nearly five years ago, a two-up, two-down terrace property on the Northmoor estate could be snapped up for as little as £4,000.’
      • ‘This is not a viable option for single mums on sink council estates.’
      • ‘The green areas of the estate will also be redesigned with a view to making them more attractive and more useable.’
      • ‘The residents of the neighbouring estate, however, oppose the netting, which they argue will make them feel caged in.’
      • ‘Most of the families living on the estate have already been rehoused and some of the houses have been demolished.’
      • ‘Growing up on an estate in Britain has been an unusually tough experience over the past 20 years.’
      • ‘It is now one of just several residential estates in a suburban village.’
      • ‘He would like to see the council building smaller estates.’
      • ‘The library is one of the few historical buildings on the estate and is part of our community history.’
      area, site, development, complex, piece of land, land, region, tract
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    2. 1.2A property where coffee, rubber, grapes, or other crops are cultivated.
      ‘large coffee estates’
      ‘L'Ormarin's wine estate’
      • ‘Yields of crops such as coffee and rubber were much lower than on the large estates and these differences have persisted until the present day.’
      • ‘Field trips were conducted to Munnar tea gardens and a coffee estate in Kodagu, where a lesson in how the other half lives was a revelation to the girls.’
      • ‘But Trinidad planters soon began to complain about the high cost of provisions, and sugar estates neglected the cultivation of provision crops.’
      • ‘On a recent morning, one group went to a large coffee estate in Yauco, 140 km southwest of the capital, San Juan.’
      • ‘Some of the best coffee estates in South India, first established by the British, are to be found in Kodagu.’
      • ‘This facilitated the expansion of its large coffee estates at the expense of small peasants.’
      • ‘Nearly one-third of the agricultural production of the island is from the tea and rubber estates, products that are partially processed locally.’
      • ‘Coffee and tea are the main exports; both men and women work on coffee and tea estates.’
      • ‘He had to leave Paris and eventually bought a wine estate in Kiedrich in the Rheingau.’
      • ‘More than a hundred elephants were reported to have escaped from the forest into the coffee estates nearby.’
      • ‘A highly unusual blend of Barbera with Pinot Noir and Cabernet Sauvignon from one of the best estates in northern Italy.’
      • ‘They also happen to manage several tea estates in Uganda and India.’
      • ‘Another factor that could cause more problems for the elephants, and thus the people, is the ongoing conversion of some coffee estates to tea.’
      • ‘About a dozen fellow students and I borrowed some old bikes from a local bike store and rode with our teacher to a large coffee estate just outside of town.’
      • ‘Bourgade is a working wine estate with 54 acres of vineyards.’
      • ‘The industry pays the highest wages to its workers, more than those who man coffee and tea estates.’
      • ‘The rubber estates that occupy the hilly areas are the largest producers.’
      • ‘In the meantime, 9,000 police and a hastily raised force of 20,000 special constables were the first line of defence for the country's rubber estates and tin mines.’
      plantation, farm, holding
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  • 2All the money and property owned by a particular person, especially at death.

    ‘in his will, he divided his estate between his wife and daughter’
    • ‘If your estate exceeds £255,000, is Inheritance Tax levied on the whole estate or on the amount above £255,000?’
    • ‘The cause of action is deemed to have subsisted before the death, allowing the claimant to sue the estate.’
    • ‘The will of Dennis Reece provided that Anna receive all of his estate on his death.’
    • ‘This could provide the child with up to £12,000 a year, while reducing the grandparents' estates by that amount.’
    • ‘If he had done so, on his death his estate would have been entitled to a cash sum to be applied for the purchase of an annuity for his dependants.’
    • ‘When a person dies, their estate - including money, properties and possessions - can be a nightmare to sort out.’
    • ‘So if you use your property for home equity release you will not be able to leave it to your family, and will reduce the total value of your estate on your death.’
    • ‘Phenomenally successful, he left an estate valued at over $100 million.’
    • ‘The gross value of the estate was estimated at between £60,000 and £65,000.’
    • ‘He is alleged to have taken money from the estates of ten deceased people, including a husband and wife over a ten-year period.’
    • ‘Denise died on June 15, 2000 leaving an estate valued at approximately $1 million.’
    • ‘He can certainly be appointed as executor of an estate by a testator who nominates him as such in a will.’
    • ‘After Joan's death, the estate was to be divided equally among George's grandchildren.’
    • ‘Equity release is an increasingly popular way for parents to reduce the size of their estate in old age so they do not pass on a huge inheritance tax bill to their offspring.’
    • ‘It was agreed in the event of either death the estate of the deceased would pass to the survivor.’
    • ‘Because he had no will and no family to claim his estate, his land would not be protected after his death.’
    • ‘We will be entitled to recover our basic charges up to the date of your death from your estate.’
    • ‘The fees are normally charged on the total value of the estate's assets at the time of death, less any liabilities on real property.’
    • ‘If there is a potential Inheritance Tax liability, placing the policy in trust will remove it from your estate for the purposes of Inheritance Tax.’
    • ‘Estate Duty will be levied on the dutiable amount of the estate, which is determined by a series of steps.’
    assets, capital, wealth, riches, holdings, fortune, property, worth, resources, effects, possessions, belongings, things, goods, worldly goods, stuff, chattels, valuables
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  • 3A class or order regarded as forming part of the body politic, in particular (in Britain), one of the three groups constituting Parliament, now the Lords spiritual (the heads of the Church), the Lords temporal (the peerage), and the Commons. They are also known as the three estates.

    ‘the unions are no longer an estate of the realm’
    • ‘In an important sense, inland towns were parasitic on the countryside, for the bulk of the seigneurial dues, rents, tithes, and fees collected by the first two estates of the realm were spent in urban centres.’
    • ‘When the phrase was first coined, the three estates of the body politic were the lords, the clergy and the commons.’
    • ‘They rejected parliamentary government, with its king or queen and three estates of the realm (lords spiritual, lords temporal, and the commons).’
    • ‘The members opposite no longer want to acknowledge that we have three estates in our great constitution.’
    • ‘If they really did that, we would simply have to say: ‘We, the judges, are an independent estate of the realm and it's not open to the legislature to put us out of business.’’
    1. 3.1dated A particular class or category of people in society.
      ‘the spiritual welfare of all estates of men’
      • ‘By law, society was divided into three groups called estates.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, the novel also deals with the insecurities of self - in the middle and upper estates as well as the lowest - in a changing society.’
      • ‘They began with one very old intellectual tool, a conception of the different estates in society.’
  • 4literary, archaic A particular state, period, or condition in life.

    ‘programmes for the improvement of man's estate’
    ‘the holy estate of matrimony’
    • ‘How I dread preaching on the estate of marriage!’
    • ‘However they might differ on other issues, all the reformers vigorously defended the honourable estate of matrimony.’
    • ‘But the fact is, these plans do equate gay liaisons with the honourable estate of matrimony.’
    state, condition, situation, position, circumstance, lot, fate
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  • 5British

    short for estate car
    • ‘This estate is more handsome than the awkward saloon version and excellent value.’
    • ‘Detectives working on the case are particularly interested in locating a dark-coloured estate or station wagon car they believe to have been involved in the incident.’
    • ‘The new premium model is deliberately neither saloon, hatchback, MPV nor estate.’
    • ‘It's more spacious in the back, particularly in the boot, its extended roofline giving it the look of a small estate rather than a hatchback.’
    • ‘It's neither a saloon, hatchback, MPV nor an estate - it is a premium vehicle that defies a label, but is a mixture of all the above.’
    • ‘When it comes to boot space, the estate obviously takes the gold.’
    • ‘Sports cars, saloon cars and estates were crowded together, all gleaming and shiny as if they had just come from the factory.’
    • ‘All three were wearing balaclavas and fled in the northbound direction on the dual carriageway in a dark green Volvo estate.’
    • ‘It may look to the uninitiated like an estate but if you look a little closer you begin to notice some subtle differences.’
    • ‘Of course, it isn't an estate or a station wagon in the true sense.’
    • ‘It's not until you have an estate at your fingertips that you realise how useful it is in everyday life.’


Middle English (in the sense ‘state or condition’): from Old French estat, from Latin status state, condition, from stare to stand.