Definition of essay in English:

essay

noun

Pronunciation /ˈɛseɪ/
  • 1A short piece of writing on a particular subject.

    • ‘Quentin Williams makes this point in a perceptive essay on painting and photography.’
    • ‘This juxtaposition is a characteristic feature of George Eliot's essays and reviews.’
    • ‘The editors encouraged all forms of literary submissions from poetry and essays to short stories and serialized novels.’
    • ‘During the years that followed, Hurston wrote novels, essays, articles, and plays.’
    • ‘He began writing plays, essays, short stories and then film scripts declaring that he planned to devote his life to art as a force for social change.’
    • ‘Previously, he had published travel essays and short stories, but he turned to writing novels.’
    • ‘For example, my first published piece was a nonfiction essay in MidAmerican Review.’
    • ‘I won an award for a poem, and consistently scored really well for essays, short stories and other English stuff in high school.’
    • ‘I went on to publish essays, short stories, poetry, and political commentaries.’
    • ‘However, he continued to write poems, short stories, essays, and novels when he found time.’
    • ‘In addition, he has published several books of essays, poems and photographs.’
    • ‘Although he lacked a good radio voice, he excelled at writing short but incisive essays that captured a radio audience unused to such quality in a news broadcast.’
    • ‘Many of the essays are just too short to really get into the subject.’
    • ‘Each section centers around a theme and is introduced with a short essay by one of the editors.’
    • ‘Both his poetry from 1926 on and his essays in literary criticism attest to his spiritual independence.’
    • ‘I think I did a reasonable science essay on house design.’
    • ‘In writing essays, I only follow one rule, which is that all the information is independently verifiable.’
    • ‘He's since written many novels, and essays, and short stories.’
    • ‘Apart from the novels, Sundara Ramaswamy has written several short stories and essays on literary criticism.’
    • ‘He has published essays, reviews and short stories in a number of journals and anthologies and is currently at work on a novel.’
    • ‘That might be the inevitable price of writing short essays.’
    article, piece of writing, composition, study, paper, dissertation, assignment, thesis, discourse, treatise, text, tract, disquisition, monograph
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  • 2formal An attempt or effort.

    ‘a misjudged essay in job preservation’
    • ‘Tourism at its best is an attempt, an essay, and not all essays are trivial.’
    attempt, effort, endeavour, try, venture, trial, experiment, undertaking
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    1. 2.1 A trial design of a postage stamp yet to be accepted.
      • ‘The Prince Consort essay shown here can be regarded as the forerunner of later Victorian stamps.’
      • ‘He had a beautiful collection of essays and proofs, obtained largely from the designers and engravers with whom he was intimately acquainted.’

verb

[with object]
Pronunciation /ɛˈseɪ/
formal
  • Attempt or try.

    ‘Donald essayed a smile’
    • ‘Subsequently, Beckham essayed a long, high shot but this one, in contrast to the one that made it into the net, was comfortably caught by Jones.’
    • ‘Some months ago, the Government essayed a crackdown on youths staying late at internet cafes.’
    • ‘The protagonist in ‘The Shield’ is Vic Mackey, who is a hard-bitten, tough street cop brilliant essayed by Michael Chiklis.’
    • ‘George Reid, the Presiding Officer, essayed a bit of Gaelic, then introduced the Lewis psalm-singers.’
    • ‘And, the first role that he played was that of a 74-year-old, the oldest character he's ever essayed in his career.’
    • ‘Shortly thereafter, he essayed a hair transplant, which he covered with a bandanna to make sure it was noted.’
    • ‘Born in December 1924, Ezekiel essayed many roles with energy and grace: poet, editor, art critic, playwright, teacher, and literary organiser.’
    • ‘The Socialist Party alone seems to be essaying a relatively sophisticated campaign, and taking the trouble to tell voters who its candidates are.’
    • ‘Rajkumar essayed the role of many a mythological character as well as historical figures.’
    • ‘Nevin scampered for space and from 30 metres essayed a left-footed shot over the bar.’
    • ‘The newsreader forced a glassy smile and essayed a limp defence.’
    • ‘For any sportsperson, the point of contact in essaying a stroke is the moment of joy.’
    • ‘The chief minister's younger son, Karan Pratap Singh, deftly essayed by Rohit Roy, is both feared and adored by his mother who sees him as both a liability and as her political heir.’
    • ‘After a clutch of films in which he has essayed powerful characters with a negative side, Irfan was pleasantly surprised some time last year when a London-based producer approached him with the offer of a lead role in a film.’
    • ‘I have never before essayed a non-fictional character.’
    attempt, make an attempt at, try, strive, aim, venture, endeavour, seek, set out, do one's best, do all one can, do one's utmost, make an effort, make every effort, spare no effort, give one's all, take it on oneself
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Origin

Late 15th century (as a verb in the sense ‘test the quality of’): alteration of assay, by association with Old French essayer, based on late Latin exagium ‘weighing’, from the base of exigere ‘ascertain, weigh’; the noun (late 16th century) is from Old French essai ‘trial’.

Pronunciation

essay

Noun/ˈɛseɪ/

essay

Verb/ɛˈseɪ/