Definition of era in English:

era

noun

  • 1A long and distinct period of history.

    ‘his death marked the end of an era’
    ‘leading photographers of the Victorian era’
    • ‘Wallace began his career in the 1830s as a land surveyor in Wales, during one of the most turbulent eras of British history.’
    • ‘In fact, after 1890, the era of all-embracing philosophical systems seemed to pass.’
    • ‘Gold coins dating from the Byzantine and Islamic eras were also retrieved - which, the archaeologists claim, show the cities were not submerged until the eighth century.’
    • ‘German cities typically bear witness to all eras in the architectural history of Europe.’
    • ‘The ruins here date from the Hellenistic era, when the kingdom of Pergamon was at the height of its power.’
    • ‘We refer to entire eras in history of the United Kingdom as the Elizabethan age, or the Victorian period.’
    • ‘Spawned during one of the most tumultuous eras in history, Coltrane's ideas were reflective of a period in which the foundations of American life trembled to the core.’
    • ‘It tells parallel stories about different eras of Montana history.’
    • ‘Along with his rival Sugar Ray Leonard, Hearns fought during one of the best non-heavyweight eras in boxing history.’
    • ‘Author Iona McGregor makes the point that many of the traditions we observe now date from the Victorian era.’
    • ‘Reconstruction is not one of the more subtle eras of our history.’
    • ‘So I have, with some trepidation, divided it into a number of eras of general human history and development.’
    • ‘Only dated astronomical eras and eclipses, in the end, could establish a firm framework for historical time.’
    • ‘At least four distinct periods, or eras, define the recent history of Congress.’
    • ‘The structure of the novel, then, makes possible a way of thinking about America that crosses the lines between eras, making American history a single connected story.’
    • ‘Both women are popular cultural icons who defined their eras in American history.’
    • ‘Central Park, dating from the Victorian era, is a popular place for recreation and relaxing.’
    • ‘Odobeti is one of the largest and oldest viticultural centres in Romania and may well date from the Roman era.’
    • ‘Just as the NHS struggles to bring some of its systems into the digital era, so does the BMJ.’
    • ‘Few eras of American history have undergone as sweeping a reinterpretation by historians in the past forty years as Reconstruction, the turbulent period that followed the Civil War.’
    epoch, age, period, time, aeon, span
    generation
    stage, point in history, date
    times, days, years
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A system of chronology dating from a particular event.
      ‘the dawn of the Christian era’
      • ‘The myth of the solar hero can be found within many of the ancient civilisations even before the Christian era.’
      • ‘This year saw the dawning of a new era in the history of the awards in the school.’
      • ‘Many of America's great cathedrals of racing date from the Depression era of the film's setting.’
      • ‘Some three-and-a-half years before the Nazis came to power, events in Erlangen marked the onset of a new era.’
      • ‘Mr McClain therefore begins his text in a year significant in UK history as an era of change.’
      • ‘Simply put, it was on that date that the communist era in Bulgaria started.’
      • ‘The period is further divided into the early Heian and the late Heian, or Fujiwara, eras, the pivotal date being 894, the year imperial embassies to China were officially discontinued.’
      • ‘Everything changed, however, with the discovery of radioactivity at the end of the nineteenth century - a discovery that led to one of the most remarkable, fruitful, and fateful eras in the history of chemistry.’
      • ‘Coast Guard cutters and aircraft formed the federal government's front-line defense during the Prohibition era against liquor smugglers.’
      • ‘Einstein's biographies discuss not only his role within normal science but also his life as a political activist during the World War II era.’
    2. 1.2Geology
      A major division of time that is a subdivision of an aeon and is itself subdivided into periods.
      ‘the Mesozoic era’
      • ‘The following table shows the three eras and eleven geological periods that comprise the Phanerozoic.’
      • ‘There are two main groups of fossil stromatoporoids that lived in different eras, the Paleozoic and the Mesozoic.’
      • ‘The division of the Phanerozoic into chronostratigraphic divisions - eras, periods, epochs and ages - has itself evolved over a period of about 200 years.’
      • ‘The largest would be the ‘Permo-Triassic’ extinction, between the Permian and Triassic periods, of the Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras.’
      • ‘Precambrian divisions such as the Proterozoic and the Archean were conventionally eras but are now often referred to as eons.’
      • ‘In the nineteenth century, the definitions of the eras and systems of the geological column were based on fossils and sequences.’
    3. 1.3archaic A date or event marking the beginning of a new and distinct period of time.
      ‘the landing of this English governor was an era in their lives’

Origin

Mid 17th century: from late Latin aera, denoting a number used as a basis of reckoning, an epoch from which time is reckoned, plural of aes, aer- money, counter.

Pronunciation:

era

/ˈɪərə/