Definition of equilibrate in English:

equilibrate

verb

[WITH OBJECT]technical
  • 1Bring into or keep in equilibrium.

    ‘the epithelial cells were equilibrated after collection’
    • ‘After bleaching, the gradient to the cytoplasm is gradually equilibrated, leading to a slight recovery of the nuclear EGFP concentration.’
    • ‘After the probe was added to the lipid it was equilibrated for I h above the phase transition temperature.’
    • ‘The water was equilibrated and eight sodium ions were added to neutralize the system.’
    • ‘For the equilibration of the water the protein atoms were fixed and the water molecules were equilibrated using Langevin dynamics.’
    • ‘Samples of nondegenerate and degenerate human patellar cartilage were subjected to osmotic loading by equilibrating the tissue in solutions of varying osmolarity.’
    • ‘A fully hydrated, equilibrated POPC membrane, consisting of 128 POPC molecules and 4480 water molecules, was used as a starting structure.’
    • ‘This monolayer leaflet was equilibrated for 5 ns using conditions specified in Table 1.’
    • ‘A short 5 ps molecular dynamics simulation at 50 K and constant volume equilibrated the solvent with the LBD fixed.’
    • ‘We wish to point out that even after 1.5 ns explicit solvent simulations, ion distribution is not equilibrated.’
    • ‘The scattering cells were equilibrated at a given temperature by immersion in a thermostatted bath of toluene used for scattering calibration.’
    • ‘The system was equilibrated by using molecular dynamics with no constraints to movement of the additional K + ions.’
    • ‘The cell was equilibrated in the bath solution for several minutes before starting the recording.’
    • ‘Before starting the experiments, oocytes were equilibrated for at least 20 min in substrate-free bathing medium to obtain a stable volume measurement.’
    • ‘Added water and ions were equilibrated in a 200 ps MD simulation as described above.’
    • ‘The column was equilibrated with water and eluted in a acetonitrile gradient.’
    • ‘The system was first equilibrated by an extended molecular dynamics run until the potential and total energies were constant and the radius of gyration of the K + ions oscillated about an average.’
    • ‘Initially, a single protonated surfactin molecule was equilibrated in vacuum.’
    • ‘The membrane models used for this study are equilibrated fully hydrated dimyristoyl-phosphatidylcholine bilayers.’
    • ‘The solvated systems were then equilibrated with standard protocols.’
    • ‘This absence of effects is in line with the data from Fig.2, and confirmed that the intracellular and extracellular concentrations of Cl were truly equilibrated.’
    1. 1.1no object Approach or attain a state of equilibrium.
      ‘the tissue samples were allowed to equilibrate with the liquid’
      • ‘Living organisms acquire a characteristic minor fraction of radiocarbon by equilibrating with the carbon dioxide of ambient air or surrounding waters.’
      • ‘For example, dimerization of the transmembrane segment of glycophorin is less tight and equilibrates much faster in sodium dodecyl sulfate than in zwitterionic detergents.’
      • ‘After each titration step, samples were allowed to equilibrate for at least 6 min (longer waiting times did not furnish deviating results).’
      • ‘Spectra were measured at different temperatures, and samples were allowed to equilibrate at each temperature for at least 10 min before data collection.’
      • ‘Stem tissue was allowed to equilibrate for 30 min before starting the NMR analysis and the spectra were recorded at 121.49 MHz using a double-tuned C / P 10 mm diameter probehead as described previously.’
      • ‘This spectrum was allowed to equilibrate for ~ 20 min (or until no further changes in absorbance occurred) before collection of the final spectrum.’
      • ‘First, they tuned the magnetic field to a value corresponding to an effective interparticle attraction, and allowed the gas to equilibrate.’
      • ‘After adjusting the temperature to a new value the setup was allowed to equilibrate for ~ 5-10 min until the thermal drift was well below 0.1 K / min.’
      • ‘A built-in temperature control unit was used to maintain the sample's temperature; each sample was allowed to equilibrate at least 30 min before starting the experiment.’
      • ‘The samples were allowed to equilibrate for ~ 20 min at each temperature before spectra were recorded or time-resolved data was taken.’
      • ‘At each temperature and composition, the system was allowed to equilibrate for at least 1 nanosecond; equilibrium properties were accumulated over simulations of at least 10 nanoseconds.’
      • ‘The restraints were then removed and the system was allowed to equilibrate for another 3.9-6.6 ns, for total simulation times between 4.2 and 6.9 ns.’
      • ‘The electrode was calibrated by allowing it to equilibrate with 2 ml of air-saturated artificially hardened water, circulated in the chamber by a small magnet.’
      • ‘In wine vinegar, the much higher concentration of acetic acid equilibrates with the commensurately higher ethyl acetate concentration.’
      • ‘Samples are mixed gently for 10 s, then loaded into observation chambers and allowed to equilibrate for 60 min at room temperature before particle movements are recorded.’
      • ‘Each electrode was inserted to about 1-2 mm into the tissue and allowed to equilibrate for several minutes until a stable reading was found.’
      • ‘Samples were allowed to equilibrate at this temperature for at least 10 min before measurements.’
      • ‘When the change in weight of the samples was less than 0.5%, the sample dishes were sealed and allowed to equilibrate for 12-14 h (usually overnight).’
      • ‘Samples were dried at 55°C with forced air for 48 h, allowed to air equilibrate for 24 h, and ground to pass through a 2-mm screen.’
      • ‘The soil mixtures, with and without additives, were thoroughly mixed with various moisture contents and allowed to equilibrate for 24 hours prior to compaction.’

Origin

Mid 17th century: from late Latin aequilibrat- ‘made to balance’, from the verb aequilibrare, from aequi- ‘equally’ + libra ‘balance’.

Pronunciation

equilibrate

/ɪˈkwɪlɪbreɪt//ɪˈkwɪlɪlʌɪbreɪt//ˌiːkwɪˈlʌɪbreɪt//iːˈkwɪlɪlʌɪbreɪt/