Definition of enzootic in English:



  • (of a disease) regularly affecting animals in a particular district or at a particular season.

    ‘enzootic hepatitis’
    Compare with epizootic, endemic
    • ‘State and local agencies should identify vector species and breeding sites, and implement aggressive surveillance and targeted control early in the transmission season to restrict enzootic viral amplification.’
    • ‘Although we can do little to limit the spread of enzootic flaviviruses, we can minimise the number of human cases.’
    • ‘During 2000 and 2001, West Nile virus spread rapidly through the South and Midwest, establishing enzootic activity in 28 states.’
    • ‘It occurs most frequently as an epizootic or enzootic disease of herbivores that acquire spores from direct contact with contaminated soil.’
    • ‘For the U.S. population as a whole, no such immunization is recommended, but it may be considered in animal workers and travelers to enzootic areas who anticipate animal exposure.’


Late 19th century: from en- ‘within’ + Greek zōion animal + -ic.