Definition of endive in English:



  • 1British An edible Mediterranean plant, the bitter leaves of which may be used in salads.

    • ‘The freshness of ingredients really stood out, as not a single speckled leaf, wilted green or bitter endive was to be found.’
    • ‘To reduce their risk of asthma by up to 18% adults should eat apples, pears or leafy green vegetables such as lettuce, endives and silverbeet.’
    • ‘The company also produces bulb onions, parsnips, leeks, endives, lettuce, broccoli, cauliflowers, cabbage, swede and about five per cent of Britain's asparagus crop.’
    • ‘I started with a salad of endive, Roquefort and pear with roasted walnuts for €7.50.’
    • ‘Arrange the fennel mixture on the endives and sprinkle with blue cheese and pecans.’
    • ‘His favourite food is endive with mashed potatoes.’
    • ‘Spinach, endive and romaine lettuce are great in salads; just dress with a little olive oil and red wine vinegar.’
    • ‘Toss the curly endive in one third of the vinaigrette and arrange on four dinner plates.’
    • ‘His beet salad with endive and walnuts has just the right amount of sweet-cider vinegar.’
    • ‘It was splendid, served on a bed of crisp endive garnished with pink peppercorns and a hot, sweet mustardy dressing.’
    • ‘Cabbage, carrot, celery, cucumber, endive and lettuce may be used for raw salad.’
    • ‘Some of the recipes are innovative, like his spiced chicken livers on wilted endives.’
    • ‘All you need to accompany this dish is a bitter, leafy salad like rocket and endives in an olive oil and lemon dressing.’
    • ‘If you can't get hold of dandelion leaves, use watercress, endive or a mixture of the two.’
    • ‘This could be served with leaves of bitter endive or a bowl of small boiled potatoes for dipping.’
    • ‘Remove the endive and slice the leaves in half.’
    • ‘Rinse and drain the cress, endive, mint, basil and coriander leaves.’
    • ‘An endive salad, $4.50, is also available, but they were out of endives when I visited.’
    • ‘A salad of endive and smoked salmon in a tangy horseradish dressing begins the meal, followed by a roast chicken with lemon, paprika, and sage as the centerpiece.’
  • 2North American A chicory crown.

    • ‘So endives, including Belgian endive, are all chicories.’
    • ‘There's also endive and chicory which I will talk about later, which is a cousin of lettuce, but is technically not lettuce.’
    • ‘Her individual tartlets of caramelized endive with goat cheese were staggeringly good, as was the almost flourless chocolate cake, which quickly became a staple.’
    • ‘For the endive: Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.’
    • ‘I was talking to her while at the same time noting a recipe in my book for the endives I had braising.’
    • ‘Cooking it that way makes it sweet - kind of like braising endive.’
    • ‘Weightless scallops find some bite thanks to the edginess of roast endive and celery.’
    • ‘Add the endive, stir to coat with butter, and sauté until tender.’
    • ‘The chicory clan - Belgian endive, radicchio, and escarole - is sneaking into more and more produce sections.’


Late Middle English (also denoting the sowthistle): via Old French from medieval Latin endivia, based on Greek entubon.