One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1British An edible Mediterranean plant, the bitter leaves of which may be used in salads.
Cichorium endivia, family Compositae. The varieties of endive are placed in two groups: curly endive, with curled leaves, and Batavian endive, with smooth leaves
- ‘The company also produces bulb onions, parsnips, leeks, endives, lettuce, broccoli, cauliflowers, cabbage, swede and about five per cent of Britain's asparagus crop.’
- ‘All you need to accompany this dish is a bitter, leafy salad like rocket and endives in an olive oil and lemon dressing.’
- ‘His favourite food is endive with mashed potatoes.’
- ‘To reduce their risk of asthma by up to 18% adults should eat apples, pears or leafy green vegetables such as lettuce, endives and silverbeet.’
- ‘His beet salad with endive and walnuts has just the right amount of sweet-cider vinegar.’
- ‘An endive salad, $4.50, is also available, but they were out of endives when I visited.’
- ‘I started with a salad of endive, Roquefort and pear with roasted walnuts for €7.50.’
- ‘Some of the recipes are innovative, like his spiced chicken livers on wilted endives.’
- ‘Arrange the fennel mixture on the endives and sprinkle with blue cheese and pecans.’
- ‘A salad of endive and smoked salmon in a tangy horseradish dressing begins the meal, followed by a roast chicken with lemon, paprika, and sage as the centerpiece.’
- ‘Rinse and drain the cress, endive, mint, basil and coriander leaves.’
- ‘Cabbage, carrot, celery, cucumber, endive and lettuce may be used for raw salad.’
- ‘If you can't get hold of dandelion leaves, use watercress, endive or a mixture of the two.’
- ‘This could be served with leaves of bitter endive or a bowl of small boiled potatoes for dipping.’
- ‘The freshness of ingredients really stood out, as not a single speckled leaf, wilted green or bitter endive was to be found.’
- ‘It was splendid, served on a bed of crisp endive garnished with pink peppercorns and a hot, sweet mustardy dressing.’
- ‘Spinach, endive and romaine lettuce are great in salads; just dress with a little olive oil and red wine vinegar.’
- ‘Remove the endive and slice the leaves in half.’
- ‘Toss the curly endive in one third of the vinaigrette and arrange on four dinner plates.’
2North American A chicory crown.
- ‘The chicory clan - Belgian endive, radicchio, and escarole - is sneaking into more and more produce sections.’
- ‘For the endive: Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.’
- ‘Add the endive, stir to coat with butter, and sauté until tender.’
- ‘I was talking to her while at the same time noting a recipe in my book for the endives I had braising.’
- ‘Cooking it that way makes it sweet - kind of like braising endive.’
- ‘So endives, including Belgian endive, are all chicories.’
- ‘There's also endive and chicory which I will talk about later, which is a cousin of lettuce, but is technically not lettuce.’
- ‘Her individual tartlets of caramelized endive with goat cheese were staggeringly good, as was the almost flourless chocolate cake, which quickly became a staple.’
- ‘Weightless scallops find some bite thanks to the edginess of roast endive and celery.’
Late Middle English (also denoting the sowthistle): via Old French from medieval Latin endivia, based on Greek entubon.
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