Definition of enclitic in English:

enclitic

noun

Linguistics
  • A word pronounced with so little emphasis that it is shortened and forms part of the preceding word, for example n't in can't.

    Compare with proclitic
    • ‘The object pronoun ‘me’ is arguably an enclitic, merging phonologically with the word that precedes it.’
    • ‘With its multitude of vowels and complex systems of inflections and enclitics, Navajo is one of the most difficult languages in the world to learn.’

Origin

Mid 17th century: via late Latin from Greek enklitikos, from enklinein ‘lean on’, from en- ‘in, on’ + klinein ‘to lean’.

Pronunciation

enclitic

/ɛnˈklɪtɪk//ɪnˈklɪtɪk/