Definition of enclitic in English:

enclitic

noun

Linguistics
  • A word pronounced with so little emphasis that it is shortened and forms part of the preceding word, for example n't in can't.

    Compare with proclitic
    • ‘The object pronoun ‘me’ is arguably an enclitic, merging phonologically with the word that precedes it.’
    • ‘With its multitude of vowels and complex systems of inflections and enclitics, Navajo is one of the most difficult languages in the world to learn.’

Origin

Mid 17th century: via late Latin from Greek enklitikos, from enklinein lean on, from en- in, on + klinein to lean.

Pronunciation:

enclitic

/ɪnˈklɪtɪk//ɛnˈklɪtɪk/