One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness.‘smoking can lead to serious lung diseases such as emphysema’
- ‘Patients with severe emphysema had severe airflow obstruction, hyperinflation, and air trapping.’
- ‘If you have emphysema, your air sacs are damaged, and the smallest bronchial tubes collapse.’
- ‘Other important causes of shortness of breath are asthma, emphysema, pneumonia, and clots to the lung.’
- ‘A 49-year-old man with end-stage emphysema underwent bilateral sequential single lung transplantation.’
- ‘Reports at this meeting showed convincingly that chronic tobacco smoke exposure produces emphysema in mice.’
- ‘Whether this mechanism of matrix destruction is important to smokers' emphysema in humans, however, is still uncertain.’
- ‘About 90 % of people who get lung cancer are smokers, as are some 75 % of emphysema sufferers.’
- ‘An additional fourth group included 10 patients with emphysema who underwent lung volume reduction surgery.’
- ‘But in emphysema patients, some lung tissue loses its elasticity.’
- ‘Chest computed tomography showed giant lung bullae and severe upper lobe emphysema.’
- ‘As adults, we know that smoking leads to life-threatening illnesses such as heart disease, emphysema and lung cancer.’
- ‘Both macrophages and neutrophils are now clearly implicated in the development of smokers' emphysema.’
- ‘Remember asthma affects the lung tubes primarily and emphysema the air sacs.’
- ‘The distribution of the two forms of emphysema in the lungs differs.’
- ‘He had developed emphysema and had a stroke to go along with his heart problems.’
- ‘Sometimes people with a chronic lung disease such as emphysema or bronchitis can take beta blockers.’
- ‘The great majority of these patients are cigarette smokers with advance upper lobe emphysema.’
- ‘Then we need to add chronic lung diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis to the list of smoking-caused illnesses.’
- ‘Visit any ward full of lung cancer and emphysema patients fighting for breath.’
- ‘Pulmonary emphysema is a disease that is characterized, if not defined, by the destruction of lung parenchyma.’
2A condition in which air is abnormally present within the body tissues.
- ‘Another patient has developed surgical emphysema.’
- ‘A chest radiograph showed mediastinal and subcutaneous emphysema and interstitial scarring.’
- ‘Tachycardia may be present, as well as subcutaneous emphysema.’
- ‘Our patient presented with mild dyspnea and dysphonia and demonstrated subcutaneous emphysema and Hamman's sign.’
- ‘She was unable to open her right eye because of the subcutaneous emphysema.’
- ‘Postoperative subcutaneous emphysema occurred in 8 cases.’
Mid 17th century (in emphysema (sense 2)): via late Latin from Greek emphusēma, from emphusan ‘puff up’.
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