Definition of eminence in English:

eminence

noun

  • 1[mass noun] Fame or acknowledged superiority within a particular sphere:

    ‘her eminence in cinematography’
    • ‘James, by contrast, has risen to a heady eminence which serves to further emphasize the humiliation of his sibling.’
    • ‘To achieve such eminence, there are doubtless various devices and elements in a novel which are more or less compulsory: crime fiction has to have a crime, for example.’
    • ‘While retaining strong connections with his roots, he progressed inexorably from unexceptional beginnings to a position of some eminence in Vienna.’
    • ‘And when eventually he realised the nature of the complaint, his defence fell back on the eminence of the good Sir Richard.’
    • ‘Among the many ways Britain has been different from the continent has been not only the number but the eminence of female Sovereigns.’
    • ‘‘I feel absolutely delighted but very humbled to have been included in this roster of eminence,’ she said.’
    • ‘Some authors have been surprised that their eminence hasn't protected them from a mauling at the hands of ‘the mad, the bad, and the misinformed.’’
    • ‘This is especially so if the expert is a man of great eminence and therefore likely to be respected, effective and persuasive.’
    • ‘She is also renowned for the eminence of her contacts.’
    • ‘Salieri, who has risen from humble origins to his position of eminence through sheer hard work, is a deeply devout man.’
    • ‘For eighteenth-century Europeans that was still the case, but, for west European intellectuals at least, Europe enjoyed an eminence over the rest of the world for secular reasons as well.’
    • ‘Early nationalists in search of martial heroes raised him to the eminence of a ‘freedom fighter‘.’
    • ‘The Edinburgh operation is in a very healthy situation, we are encountering very significant growth, and we can build on our core talents to operate from a position of eminence and strength in these competitive markets.’
    • ‘The honorary position is seen as a reward for professional eminence in the field.’
    • ‘From modest roots, his rise to eminence was all the more remarkable.’
    • ‘He cites the eminence and experience of the writers, showing that they are not mere hacks but people with a reputation to maintain.’
    • ‘There are certain men and women who by reason of their genius, eminence, achievement, or idiosyncrasy seem to exercise a sort of magnetism on biographers and publishers.’
    illustriousness, distinction, renown, pre-eminence, notability, greatness, calibre, prestige, importance, reputation, repute, note
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  • 2[count noun] An important or distinguished person:

    ‘the Lord Chancellor canvassed the views of various legal eminences’
    • ‘Margaret Atwood is one of the eminences of Canadian literature.’
    • ‘The great railway barons, corrupt legislators, and assorted judicial eminences who made the legal history of American railroads are given only the most scant personal attention.’
    • ‘This point was driven home a few weeks later when, at a dinner for scientific eminences, a colleague introduced me to one of the nation's leading neuroscientists.’
    • ‘Look at eminences in the past, and what stands out in their childhoods is an animus toward school, a tolerance for solitude and families with lots of books.’
    • ‘Will there be letters from eminences and celebs to bring glitter to the letters page?’
    • ‘The male cheerleader was something of a campus eminence, regarded as an up-and-coming entrepreneur and future captain of industry.’
    • ‘These were serious times, with the governing taste set by eminences from abroad.’
    • ‘This was the perfect voice to carry pop culture through the mid-60s, till things went tragic and the Beatles turned into eminences cloistered enough to be their own parodies.’
    • ‘The 44 eminences charge that Britain's apparent lack of transparency and accountability threatens to undermine whatever moral high ground there is left.’
    • ‘Generations of very clever Foreign Office eminences have devoted their meagre resources to just one futile aim - punching above our weight on the world stage.’
    • ‘No wonder two film eminences have been trying to bring the lady's life to the screen.’
    • ‘Intellectual life was not so dissimilar, vitality after the war coming largely from external sources, émigrés from Central and Eastern Europe, with few local eminences.’
    • ‘I came to suspect that my obit-writing guaranteed these eminences something like eternal life.’
    important person, influential person, distinguished person, dignitary, luminary, worthy, grandee, notable, notability, personage, leading light, vip
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    1. 2.1His/Your Eminence A title or form of address given to a Roman Catholic cardinal:
      ‘His Eminence, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey’
      • ‘So the Community is particularly touched this evening by the visit of His Eminence, Cardinal Rodriguez and the topic of the Lecture, ‘Signs of Hope’.’
      • ‘‘In the courtyard, Your Eminence,’ replied Cygnatus, extending his arm toward the atrium.’
      • ‘I beg your forgiveness, Your Eminence, but we don't have any boards and considering the depth of the pit the wood will surely break.’
      • ‘I curtsied low and said, ‘Good evening, Your Eminence.’’
      • ‘The Church was dedicated to Our Lady of the Rosary on 3 October 1875 by His Eminence Paul Cardinal Cullen, Archbishop of Dublin…’
      • ‘As a peace offering, Liam gave the priest a small bottle of whisky for free, ‘just in case His Eminence might fancy something a bit stronger in the morning.’’
      • ‘And when mourners of every age, race, and creed praised him as a great man, I wondered what His Eminence had done to merit those words.’
      • ‘Would Your Eminence be so magnanimous as to enlighten your most loyal servant to the identities?’
      • ‘The blind must not lead the blind, Your Eminence.’
      • ‘The parade will be reviewed from the steps of Saint Patrick's Cathedral by His Eminence Cardinal Edward Eagan, Archbishop of New York.’
  • 3formal, literary A piece of rising ground:

    ‘an eminence commanding the River Emme’
    • ‘The Armory was described by one British visitor as ‘beautifully situated on an eminence overlooking the town.’’
    • ‘The two gentlemen enjoy a philosophic view of the early morning landscape from a neighbouring eminence, Mazard Hill.’
    • ‘Join us for five days of hiking around Uncompahgre and Wetterhorn Peaks, complete with deep valleys, rocky eminences, alpine tundra, and towering mountains.’
    • ‘The edifice… is built upon a beautiful eminence, on the Philadelphia road, affording on all sides, an extensive, and delightful view, with charming rural scenery, on every side.’
    • ‘Upriver loomed the rocky eminence of Nephin Mountain.’
    • ‘A striking iceberg that I had seen photos of before had two foothill eminences joined at the top by a soaring St. Louis Gateway Arch of ice.’
    • ‘There was in fact a splendid view of the mine from the eminence of the hill, even better than the one from Fred and Peggy's bungalow.’
    • ‘We have some gently rounded, wooded, eminences.’
    • ‘But the most impressive structures along what became the A40 were the three big monumental brick blocks rising on the north side on an eminence at Park Royal.’
    • ‘By the standards of most of England, East Anglia is a low-lying and relatively flat region, but there is in fact much variability in topography and even low hills form clear local eminences.’
    • ‘I thought we were never going to reach it; and then, almost unexpectedly, we suddenly came upon it - a small but ancient village, rising up on a slight eminence, but concealed from view by big clumps of tall-growing reeds.’
    elevation, rise, raised ground, rising ground, height, hill, bank, mound
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    1. 3.1Anatomy A slight projection from the surface of the body:
      ‘a swelling on the lower surface of the brain termed the median eminence’
      • ‘Therefore, all bony structures of the face, including the malar eminences, orbital rims, zygomatic arches, mandible, and teeth, should be carefully inspected and palpated for irregularity or tenderness.’
      • ‘Note the relationship between the intercondylar eminence and the posterior cruciate ligament.’
      • ‘The origin of the tibial coordinate system was selected as the point midway between the tibial eminences on the proximal end of the tibia.’
      • ‘The articular eminence of the glenoid fossa is rectangular and broad transversely.’
      • ‘Before reaching the anterior margin, there is a low eminence on the paracristid crest and an expansion of its lingual surface, these features marking the position of the paraconid.’
      • ‘They are separated by an upward projection called the intercondylar eminence.’
      • ‘The examiner's thumbs are placed on either side of the bony eminences of the tunnel (the scaphoid on one side and the pisiform and hamate on the other.)’
      • ‘Shaking the patient's hand at the end of the consultation, the doctor noticed a raised lesion on the thenar eminence of his right hand.’
      • ‘The neurohypophysis proper comprises the median eminence of the tuber cinereum, the infundibulum, the pituitary stalk, and the posterior or neural lobe of the pituitary gland.’
      • ‘An accessory spine behind the ileopectineal eminence occasionally provides an attachment site for the psoas minor muscle.’

Origin

Middle English: from Latin eminentia, from eminere jut, project.

Pronunciation:

eminence

/ˈɛmɪnəns/