Definition of emic in English:



  • Studying or describing a particular language or culture in terms of its internal elements and their functioning rather than in terms of any existing external scheme.

    ‘accurate ethnographic description from an internal or emic perspective, from the native point of view’
    Often contrasted with etic
    • ‘Ethnographers commonly make a distinction between the etic and emic dimensions of the study of cultural practices, which reflects the difference between the structural and reflective dimensions of meaning.’
    • ‘We contend that, if they had used an emic approach (subjective, phenomenological), numerous differences in fathering would likely emerge.’
    • ‘This research method relies primarily on interviews and participant observation to access the emic or native perspective.’
    • ‘Some anthropologists address the problem of determining from whose perspective an observation is meaningful and against which set of standards it should be validated by calling attention to the emic or etic status of data.’
    • ‘Related to the problems of anachronism and ethnocentrism is the distinction between emic and etic terms.’
    • ‘The open-ended interview questions allowed people to use their own words to describe their knowledge, and particular words and expressions were often written verbatim to preserve their emic nature.’
    • ‘This semantic field reveals an emic understanding of blindness, which involves the importance of everything visual in ancient Mediterranean culture.’
    • ‘In addition, it is important to note that because each author has been either a teacher or parent at the school, we approach the study from an emic perspective.’
    • ‘In ethnographic studies, the orientation of the researcher is termed etic or emic.’
    • ‘Also included in this broad category is the field of ethno-ecology which focuses on the emic understandings of human-environmental relationships.’


1950s: abstracted from such words as phonemic (see phoneme) and systemic.