Definition of elm in English:


(also elm tree)


  • A tall deciduous tree which typically has rough serrated leaves and propagates from root suckers.

    • ‘See any elms or oak trees or other non-native species?’
    • ‘After the house was demolished in the Seventies for new housing, the remaining grounds ran wild until all that was left of the original wood was self-seeded sycamore trees and dead elms.’
    • ‘Spanish chestnuts, sycamores, willows, elms and oaks, to name but a few, located in every county have been studied, measured and observed in an attempt to find the champion of champions.’
    • ‘The flora is dominated by Sequoia, cypresses, elms, oaks, willows, and cottonwoods.’
    • ‘Suppose you are like me and cannot tell an elm tree from a beech tree.’
    • ‘The beetles' affinity for certain trees, like maples, poplars, willows, and elms, is significant because such attractive species may be used as sentinel trees.’
    • ‘Beyond the pane of glass, oaks, elms, and maples are a swelling tide of green, lapping to and fro in hardworking winds.’
    • ‘They are attracted specially by mature oaks and elms scattered about country parks but also visit orchards and alder carrs.’
    • ‘They'll be squawking from the lindens, elms, and maples where cicadas sang during summer days.’
    • ‘For that reason many of the older trees in the Gardens, such as sycamores, oaks and elms were imported from England.’
    • ‘I dodged trees, oaks and maples and elms and the occasional sparse, skinny willow, in order to catch up with her.’
    • ‘It grows on trees, particularly elms, in open situations such as hedges or parklands.’
    • ‘The trees are also familiar, these most impressive oaks, maples, elms and ash, for they somehow survive the hardship of an urban landscape.’
    • ‘In the past he has been involved with replacing ‘landmark’ trees in other villages, including the elm tree in Elm Tree Square, Embsay, and a sycamore in the centre of Langcliffe.’
    • ‘As he went farther in and drew nearer to the heart of the forest, the tall oaks and elms closed in around him.’
    • ‘Oriental plane trees, cypresses and elms were planted in straight rows to provide structure and shade, while groves of fruit trees added colour and scent, with blossom in spring and summer and fruit at harvest time.’
    • ‘A large grassy meadow surrounded by elms and willow, just past the building, was partly filled with folding metal chairs and tables, and decorations hung from ropes tied to the tree limbs.’
    • ‘On watching them, I also spotted a patch between the roots of a nearby elm tree where a pillow of liverwort grew.’
    • ‘The Asian longhorned beetle that invaded New York in 1996 has since killed thousands of the state's hardwood trees, including maples, elms, willows, and poplars.’
    • ‘The sugar maples, elms, and oaks he has handed out over the last three decades now grow in lawns, fields and parks throughout northwestern Pennsylvania.’


Old English, of Germanic origin; related to German dialect Ilm, and Swedish and Norwegian alm.