Definition of eliminate in English:



[with object]
  • 1Completely remove or get rid of (something)

    ‘a policy that would eliminate inflation’
    • ‘If we could eliminate stress, would we eliminate a lot of disease?’
    • ‘Ozone, produced by zapping oxygen with electricity, will be pumped into the water taken out of Cheney to remove impurities and eliminate most odors.’
    • ‘Removing the paint and eliminating the warp from the frame usually allows tight closing of the sash and eliminates any previous draft complaints.’
    • ‘If they want to spy on you, they can force-load into your computer a modification that reports all your activities, and then they can remove it later to eliminate the evidence.’
    • ‘Like any policy goal - eliminating unemployment or eradicating poverty - it is unachievable with the blunt instruments of government force.’
    • ‘It has introduced a new code of practice for its journalists and implemented new policies to eliminate conflict of interests.’
    • ‘Although removing the ovaries eliminates estrogen production that is linked to tumor growth, it also carries risks associated with premature menopause.’
    • ‘Now let's examine Walt's policy for eliminating nuclear weapons and other WMDs in rogue states.’
    • ‘It's not my personal presence here that will bring the disease under control, but bearing down on the disease to eliminate it.’
    • ‘To eliminate mold, remove the material where the fungus is growing such as drywall boards or carpet.’
    • ‘In either case, the fear of personal liability for individual health care workers would be removed, resulting in eliminating the need to hide errors.’
    • ‘So charities that serve on the front lines of the battles against poverty, ignorance and disease can't try to eliminate the causes of the suffering they spend so much time trying to alleviate.’
    • ‘Both outer wing panels were removed to eliminate corrosion at the attach taper pins.’
    • ‘Yet eliminating the conductor definitely removes the most crucial set of eyes and ears from the train.’
    • ‘While the central bank can work to control inflation, it can't eliminate boom-and-bust cycles.’
    • ‘I am incensed that the council appears to be issuing a written policy that eliminates any opportunity for discretion and reasonable judgement, and promotes institutional obduracy.’
    • ‘The only way to defeat terrorism as a threat to our way of life is to stop it, eliminate it and destroy it where it grows.’
    • ‘Thousands of disappearances or extrajudicial executions were allegedly carried out by the police as part of a deliberate policy to eliminate armed opposition groups as well as their supporters.’
    • ‘My life has always been full of fun but this disease has eliminated a lot of that.’
    • ‘The method strives to eliminate conflict by removing the deviated language of passion from the child's intellectual growth.’
    remove, get rid of, abolish, put an end to, do away with, banish
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    1. 1.1 Exclude (someone or something) from consideration or further participation.
      ‘the police have eliminated Lawrence from their inquiries’
      • ‘When a player gets 100 points, he is eliminated from further play.’
      • ‘In the most dramatic circumstances imaginable, Andy Lee was eliminated from the middleweight division of the Olympic competition in Athens last night.’
      • ‘You heard Senator Lieberman say that's not necessarily wise economic policy to eliminate one option if there is a need for some serious economic decisions.’
      • ‘If your entire code is revealed you are eliminated from the game.’
      • ‘Martin was mathematically eliminated from the title hunt after he finished 14th at Phoenix and he now trails Stewart by 162 points in the standings.’
      • ‘These respondents were eliminated from further consideration.’
      • ‘Once a player loses all his/her cards (not including cards in his points pile) he is eliminated from the game.’
      • ‘Until a team is eliminated from playoff contention, the goal is to win now.’
      • ‘Each time a player is eliminated you must remove one spoon from the game; if playing without a stock you also remove one set of four equal cards from the pack.’
      • ‘The mystery man was eventually traced by police and in August he was eliminated from their inquiries.’
      • ‘Further back I'm doing everything I can to finish within the time limit - every day you have to finish within a certain percentage of the stage winner's time or else you're eliminated from the race.’
      • ‘No luck there, unfortunately; he was eliminated in an early karting round.’
      • ‘Internal bickering and finger-pointing plagued the team after it was eliminated from the World Cup.’
      • ‘Remember, when teams lose, those players are eliminated from the ever-dwindling player pool.’
      • ‘Every year, Lloyd Carr's teams pull out victories after they're eliminated from the title hunt.’
      • ‘Nothing will change until the team is officially eliminated from the playoffs.’
      • ‘They were eliminated from that competition in the first round without a point and without a goal.’
      • ‘I was unexpectedly eliminated in the third round up against the wild card, Julia Kristen from California.’
      • ‘The Chinese were eliminated from the World Championships last night losing 94-88 to the all mighty New Zealanders.’
      • ‘He was eliminated from these investigations but since pleaded guilty to participation in three armed robberies.’
      knock out, beat, get rid of
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    2. 1.2 Murder (a rival or political opponent)
      ‘security agents have started a campaign to eliminate some of the government's opponents’
      • ‘Moreover, sanctions appear not to have stopped regimes from silencing or eliminating internal political opposition.’
      • ‘The new military regime initiated a series of measures restricting civil and legal freedoms to eliminate potential political opponents.’
      • ‘The Gestapo then used this as an excuse to eliminate all known opponents to the regime (and some of their families), whether implicated in the July plot or not.’
      • ‘The goal of this operation was to eliminate a key political figure in the Algerian resistance and to disrupt its infrastructure.’
      • ‘On the other, it provided him with a band of assassins that could eliminate any PLO leader that met with his disapproval.’
  • 2Expel (waste matter) from the body.

    ‘this diet claims to eliminate toxins from the body’
    • ‘While the main function of the kidneys is to eliminate excessive water from the blood, carbon dioxide gas is eliminated through the lungs.’
    • ‘Diuretics lower blood pressure by helping your body eliminate sodium and water.’
    • ‘The pharynx passes the foreign matter along to the stomach to eventually be eliminated by the body.’
    • ‘This helps the body to eliminate toxins and waste products, and will also help counteract the common pregnancy complaints of constipation and nausea.’
    • ‘Your colon normally eliminates waste material and bacteria and absorbs water and sodium to maintain your body's fluid and electrolyte balance.’
    expel, pass, void, discharge, eject, evacuate
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  • 3Mathematics
    Remove (a variable) from an equation, typically by substituting another which is shown by another equation to be equivalent.

  • 4Chemistry
    Generate (a simple substance) as a product in the course of a reaction involving larger molecules.

    ‘the acid portion of one molecule reacts with the basic portion of the other, and water is eliminated’
    • ‘If excess methanol is heated with concentrated sulfuric acid one molecule of water is eliminated from two molecules of methanol to produce dimethyl ether.’
    • ‘The ketone functional group can also take part in autocondensation reactions which eliminate water.’
    • ‘The simple molecule eliminated can be water, ammonia, or an alcohol.’
    • ‘Ketones can undergo a process known as autocondensation, where several ketone molecules react together to eliminate water.’
    • ‘Generally, the molecule that is eliminated during a condensation sequence is a simple one such as water.’


Mid 16th century (in the sense ‘drive out’): from Latin eliminat- ‘turned out of doors’, from the verb eliminare, from e- (variant of ex-) ‘out’ + limen, limin- ‘threshold’.