One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1Chiefly Chemistry. The transfer of electrons.
2Chemistry and Biology. The electrophoretic transfer of analysed substances between media in the process of their identification.
3Biology. The use of electrical pulses to enhance the penetration of genes delivered in vivo by plasmid vectors.
with object To transfer (a substance, especially a protein) by electrophoresis between two different media for analytical purposes.
1960s; earliest use found in Science. From electro- + transfer<br>1980s. From electro- + transfer, after electrotransfer.
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