Definition of electrophile in English:

electrophile

noun

Chemistry
  • See electrophilic

    • ‘As a result, carbonyl compounds can form carbon anions and act as nucleophiles rather than electrophiles.’
    • ‘Alkylating agents are electrophiles that add methyl, ethyl and more complicated alkyl groups to nucleic acid bases.’
    • ‘Such reactions require a carbon nucleophile to provide the two electrons for the chemical bond and a carbon electrophile to accept them.’
    • ‘Instead, they undergo electrophilic substitution as their characteristic reaction, with hydrogens being replaced by electrophiles such as halogens.’
    • ‘Many of these vinyl compounds are made by the reaction of acetylene with electrophiles.’

Pronunciation

electrophile

/ɪˈlɛktrə(ʊ)fʌɪl/