One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A liquid or gel which contains ions and can be decomposed by electrolysis, e.g. that present in a battery.
- ‘Choose a sports drink with the highest sodium content, or add some salt or an electrolyte mix to your drink as needed.’
- ‘This decomposition of an electrolyte caused by passing an electric current through it is called electrolysis.’
- ‘When two different metals are immersed in an electrolyte and connected through a metallic path, current will flow.’
- ‘Because atmospheric corrosion is an electrolytic process, the presence of an electrolyte is required.’
- ‘Primary alkaline batteries use sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide as the electrolyte.’
- ‘The polymer acts as an electrical connection between the electrolyte solution and the surface of the carbon fiber.’
- ‘In the process, the oxygen ions traversing the electrolyte produce a useful current.’
- ‘Such an anode body may be used to be filled in the liquid electrolyte in the container to make a capacitor.’
- ‘The fuel cell also needs moisture in the electrolyte as well as water at the anode to control the supply of methanol.’
- ‘The seawater providing a natural electrolyte between the two metals.’
- ‘Electrorefining works by running a current through an electrolyte solution via an electrolytic cell.’
- ‘Gold plating is done in much the same way, using a gold anode and an electrolyte containing gold cyanide, AuCN.’
- ‘Both embodiments produce hybrid gel electrolyte systems in which gel and liquid electrolyte co-exist.’
- ‘Infusion of glucose, amino acid, and electrolyte solutions did not differ between the two groups.’
- ‘The electrodes are zinc and carbon, with an acidic paste between them that serves as the electrolyte.’
- ‘It is typically expressed as the average electrostatic interactions among an electrolyte's ions.’
- ‘This electricity splits the water molecules in an electrolyte, producing hydrogen.’
- ‘He made stacks of zinc and silver disks and blotting paper soaked with salt water, which acted as an electrolyte.’
- ‘Most fuel cells use a polymer electrolyte membrane to separate the cathode and anode.’
- ‘The proton from the hydrogen migrates through the electrolyte to the oxygen.’
The ionized or ionizable constituents of a living cell, blood, or other organic matter.
- ‘The white blood cell count and serum electrolytes were within normal ranges.’
- ‘Her electrolytes and blood counts were normal.’
- ‘It's warm, wet and full of an effective electrolyte (chloride ions in saliva) that encourages galvanic corrosion.’
- ‘This is an opportunity to take blood for checking full blood count, urea and electrolytes, blood group, and clotting screen.’
- ‘Proud to know how to handle oliguria in a baby, I checked his blood pressure and electrolytes.’
Mid 19th century: from electro- + Greek lutos ‘released’ (from luein ‘loosen’).
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