Definition of elective in English:



  • 1Related to or working by means of election.

    ‘an elective democracy’
    • ‘It may have a constitutional role, as a check (however fragile) against the elective dictatorship of a temporary majority of MPs in the Commons.’
    • ‘However, as the new elective rules bed in this issue will be kept under review.’
    • ‘I regard the Senate, along with the High Court, as the two principal features of Australia's governmental structure preventing us from degenerating into an elective dictatorship.’
    • ‘I have never been in local government in an elective sense, but I have always had a great regard for it, for the authenticity that comes from proximity to the people and their very real problems.’
    • ‘Poland was Europe's most important elective monarchy.’
    • ‘This trend towards party government has been referred to as elective dictatorship.’
    • ‘Jumping into elective politics, Hilleary made an unsuccessful run for the state senate in 1992.’
    • ‘They also believed that the democratic element of an elective National Assembly should be balanced by a second chamber or senate whose members sat for life.’
    • ‘In this sense, the Scottish system has turned Westminster's elective dictatorship upside down.’
    • ‘Looking back on it all many years later in their old age, Thomas Jefferson wrote to his former antagonist John Adams, ‘an elective despotism was not what we fought for’.’
    • ‘Instead, we suffer a good deal more from elective dictatorship, with prime ministers and premiers able to shape the political agenda with a freer hand.’
    • ‘Buchanan, however, reworked the entire argument in a classical idiom to define an elective form of monarchy and make it axiomatic that kings were accountable to those who elected them.’
    • ‘It deals with, among many other things, the conflict between hereditary and elective principles and the constitutional problems of a second chamber.’
    • ‘But I say to them that elective dictatorship only occurs when we disregard moral and political imperatives.’
    • ‘In the 1990s, Lesotho began a new period of elective government.’
    • ‘Good thing, then, that elective democracy has a built-in mechanism for removing him.’
    • ‘The Hopi elective government have fought for defense of their original reservation, while traditionalists support the Navajo families' efforts to remain on the disputed lands.’
    • ‘Other elective procedures are run as they should be.’
    • ‘The elective principle itself, Tocqueville notes, forces an ambitious man to appeal beyond the confines of his family and friends for votes.’
    • ‘Perceptive though he was, he never envisaged or understood the prospect of this strange international bureaucracy that is incorrectable by elective mechanism and barely subject to laws.’
    1. 1.1 (of a person or office) appointed or filled by election.
      ‘he had never held elective office’
      ‘the National Assembly, with 125 elective members’
      • ‘Republican women hold forty-one state elective offices, and Democrats, forty-three.’
      • ‘The sort of people who run for elective office just don't do that sort of thing.’
      • ‘And that's the decision whether to stand for the nation's highest elective office or not.’
      • ‘Under state statute, Daschle would no longer be eligible to hold elective office in South Dakota or represent it in Washington.’
      • ‘At the same time, both men said they were the person to represent the majority-minority district and that ethnicity is not the only prerequisite for elective office.’
      • ‘George Will notes the steadily increasing ranks of African-American Republicans holding significant elective and appointive office.’
      • ‘After Michael's death in a ski accident at year's end, Joe decided to exit elective office altogether.’
      • ‘Swett battled for the full reform program: to make everything, even the mayoralty, an appointive rather than an elective office.’
      • ‘And yet, its new Republican governor is perhaps the freest-thinking holder of high elective office in the entire nation.’
      • ‘And so, for the first time in 12 years, he found himself out of elective office without a certain next step.’
      • ‘When the government introduced an elective element into the Legislative Council in 1842, no bar was placed on the participation of ex-convicts.’
      • ‘A well-constituted court for the trial of impeachments is an object not more to be desired than difficult to be obtained in a government wholly elective.’
      • ‘Due to this, we don't have an elective member to represent us.’
      • ‘However Charles saw Exclusion of the rightful heir as changing the monarchy from a hereditary, divinely appointed institution into an elective, limited office that could soon give way to a new commonwealth.’
      • ‘Congress is Thune's first elective office, but he arrived on Capitol Hill in 1997 with experience in several jobs that gave him a solid grounding in federal, state and local government.’
      • ‘Krugman is not a journalist by training, and he's never held appointive or elective office.’
      • ‘Sinclair had never held elective office, though he had previously run for governor on the Socialist Party ticket.’
      • ‘In addition, while Dole faced criticism that she had no prior elective experience, there was scant attention paid to the dearth of women in executive positions of power in the United States.’
      • ‘Collins, who had never held elective office, proved to be a better campaigner in 1996 than she had been in 1994.’
      • ‘Further, through its political arm, the ATLU began successfully contesting the small number of seats in the legislature that were elective.’
      elected, chosen, democratic, popular, nominated, appointed, commissioned
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 (of a body or position) possessing or giving the power to elect.
      ‘powerful Emperors manipulated the elective body’
      • ‘If we cannot elect men with sufficient education and honor even to try to be wise, we can number in a few score the years in which the elective power will remain ours.’
      • ‘For it is an elementary proposition that if a vote is not cast for one of the two highest candidates it is completely shorn of its elective power.’
      • ‘In giving the elective power to the states, the framers of the Constitution hoped to protect state independence.’
      • ‘They cower down and allow him to dictate the pace rather than being an elective body.’
  • 2(of surgical or medical treatment) chosen by the patient rather than urgently necessary.

    ‘elective surgery’
    • ‘Could a randomised trial answer the controversy relating to elective caesarean section?’
    • ‘Spontaneous abortion refers to pregnancy loss at less than 20 weeks' gestation in the absence of elective medical or surgical measures to terminate the pregnancy.’
    • ‘This was why the decision had been made to centralise elective orthopaedics at Waterford Regional Hospital.’
    • ‘Music's soothing effects have been demonstrated in patients undergoing chemotherapy or elective surgery under local or regional anesthesia.’
    • ‘About 3,500 elective procedures take place in hospitals every week and many cannot proceed without the availability of a blood transfusion.’
    • ‘They probably have fewer high-tech machines than we do, and the comparative cost figures may be skewed by the American love of elective procedures.’
    • ‘The reduction in hospital stay was present in all subgroups and most pronounced in the patients undergoing elective surgery for aneurysm who received transfusions.’
    • ‘This is a serious look at America's extreme body modifiers - think tongue splitting, elective amputation and the like.’
    • ‘Nutritional deprivation in patients who have elective gastrointestinal surgical procedures is a normal practice.’
    • ‘Dr Ryan also made it clear that it was not intended that elective surgery would be carried out in Castlebar but that a new specialist unit would be established to cater for elective work for the region at Merlin Park hospital.’
    voluntary, non-compulsory, at one's discretion, discretionary, not required, up to the individual, non-mandatory, free, open, unforced
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 (of a course of study) chosen by the student rather than compulsory.
      ‘elective courses on this subject have always been oversubscribed’
      • ‘In terms of an agreement with the Ministry of Education, it is recognised as an elective course.’
      • ‘On the other hand, students taking the elective course do so by virtue of a preference, and generally ability, for the subject matter.’
      • ‘Now in college, he is taking a very good course - elective, not required - focused on the roots of Western culture.’
      • ‘What if each school and college offered an elective course in pedagogy to prepare students for this education-based practice experience?’
      • ‘Various chapters may also be interesting to Master's degree students taking specialized elective courses in strategy.’
      • ‘The subject group was comprised of 20 sixth-year medical students who joined the four-week elective course in Oriental psychosomatic medicine.’
      • ‘All classes used for recruitment were general elective courses that attracted a diverse cross-section of male and female college students.’
      • ‘About 65 percent of schools integrate communication skill development into several required and elective courses throughout the curriculum.’
      • ‘Well, I'm lazy and my memories of elective university classes are a bit hazy so I had hoped not to, but here we go.’
      • ‘The students enrolled in this elective course range from advanced placement to general studies.’
      • ‘Temple currently offers a variety of elective classes, focusing on everything from commercial real estate and residential property management to real estate law.’
      • ‘Pharmacy ranked last in permitting overseas research for its faculty members and allowing degree-candidate students to take elective study abroad courses.’
      • ‘One physics department in Kenya allows its students to take an elective course in entrepreneurship offered by the university's business division.’
      • ‘And if psychology is taught in high school, it is offered typically as an elective course.’
      • ‘All the subjects were recruited by instructors who taught elective courses at each campus.’
      • ‘The survey was pre-tested by students enrolled in an elective course.’
      • ‘A six week elective course on smoking cessation, which aimed to encourage cessation and provide how-to-quit strategies, was also constructed.’
      • ‘A student research program is conducted concurrently with the elective courses - students with something to say are encouraged to say it.’
      • ‘Students may be able to earn an elective credit course within their nursing program for their independent study experience at camp.’
      • ‘She expressed disappointment when told that with advance notice our nursing program could have designed learning activities to provide her with an elective course credit for her summer work.’


North American
  • An optional course of study.

    • ‘The curriculum includes five courses and five electives.’
    • ‘The research course, as well as the guided electives, are taught outside the department with collaborating faculty in teacher education, educational leadership, and social work.’
    • ‘As I progressed through school, I chose art classes for electives in junior high and high school because that's what I enjoyed.’
    • ‘He chose a philosophy minor, and several courses in classics as electives.’
    • ‘I'm taking a reading elective this month, interspersed with some Oncology cross-cover.’
    • ‘We had one elective every day, and had four electives in all, one of them repeating.’
    • ‘For year-round students, the academy offers a full curriculum of requirements and electives, including French.’
    • ‘And while there are three automotive mechanics facilities in the district, none are used heavily and power mechanics, as an elective, has disappeared entirely in Richmond.’
    • ‘In a trade-off, though, Tech College offers far fewer electives, or curricular freedom of any sort.’


Late Middle English: from Old French electif, -ive, from late Latin electivus, from elect- ‘picked out’, from the verb eligere (see elect).