Definition of elasticity in English:



  • 1The ability of an object or material to resume its normal shape after being stretched or compressed; stretchiness.

    ‘aging can decrease the elasticity of your skin’
    • ‘Dry skin can look leathery, dry and flaky, and will lose the elasticity it needs to stay firm and young-looking.’
    • ‘Lung elasticity declines slightly with aging but smoking accelerates this greatly.’
    • ‘In the case of thermal fluctuations this second type of correlation depends on the elasticity of the membrane.’
    • ‘Circular knitting depended on natural elasticity of its ribbing to substitute for fashioning.’
    • ‘The lining helps give blood vessels the elasticity they need to regulate blood pressure.’
    • ‘It promises to firm and plump, thus improving elasticity.’
    • ‘It retains its elasticity even though frozen and it insulates the ice cream.’
    • ‘There may be failing sight, deafness for high tones, graying hair, and loss of elasticity of the skin.’
    • ‘Arterial damage affects the elasticity of arteries, which become stiff and rigid.’
    • ‘For a full season of mountain fun, you need more than rock-hard legs: The key is elasticity.’
    • ‘Greater elasticity corresponds to faster deformation and stiffer body, while low elasticity corresponds to softer bodies.’
    • ‘The most striking feature of the basilar membrane is its elasticity.’
    • ‘Well, Angela, the ideal liposuction patient is healthy with a consistent body weight and good skin elasticity.’
    • ‘A very small fraction of this is due to imperfect elasticity of the solid Earth.’
    • ‘The fibers are twisted into ropes and sprayed with natural latex, which increases their elasticity.’
    • ‘Exhaling is passive; muscles relax and elasticity of the lungs cause them to expel air.’
    • ‘Ultra-violet rays and the free radicals age the skin more quickly reducing its elasticity and creating wrinkles.’
    • ‘The clay is exhibiting its elasticity on the shovel; the recent spell of rain altering its pliability.’
    • ‘"We're trying to alter both the strength and elasticity of the natural silks," Lewis said.’
    • ‘With the braided lines there are too many breakages when the fish takes due to the lack of elasticity.’
    stretchiness, flexibility, pliancy, suppleness, rubberiness, plasticity, resilience, springiness
    adaptability, flexibility, adjustability, fluidity, accommodation, versatility, variability, malleability, conformability
    View synonyms
  • 2Ability to change and adapt; adaptability.

    • ‘They even have enough elasticity power to allow you to disagree with them.’
    • ‘Homeric epic provides the most powerful example of the Greek interest in the instability and elasticity of time.’
    • ‘This solution has the merit of elasticity.’
    • ‘These results are directly comparable to the familiar sensitivity and elasticity of population growth rate.’
    • ‘Within the rodents, which generally have short generation times, generation time is positively correlated with adult survival elasticity.’
    • ‘The instant possesses an immemorial elasticity that defies quantitative diagnosis.’
    • ‘Infinitely more liberal than comparable slang of that era, this application of the folk saying allowed unusual elasticity of interpretation.’
    • ‘He recognized the elasticity of the term "Latin," which could apply to any civilization that had been part of the ancient Roman world.’
    • ‘The case demonstrates the elasticity of kinship considered as the basis of a social group.’
    • ‘It remains a permanent monument to the academic aspect of elasticity.’
  • 3Economics
    The degree to which a demand or supply is sensitive to changes in price or income.

    ‘the price elasticity of electricity demand’
    • ‘Cars have a relatively high income elasticity of demand.’
    • ‘The total welfare changes more closely correspond to the changes in sector gross revenue with the lowest supply elasticity.’
    • ‘The growth was a result of price elasticity, where drops in tariffs increased usage.’
    • ‘Students might have been surprised to see they were being asked to work out the rate of inflation, the elasticity or the multiplier.’
    • ‘The average of our two estimates of exhortation expenditure elasticities of supply is 0.235.’