Definition of edge in English:



  • 1The outside limit of an object, area, or surface.

    ‘a willow tree at the water's edge’
    ‘she perched on the edge of a desk’
    • ‘And he's constructed water-resistant decking from the patio to the water's edge.’
    • ‘The trim was stitched close to the inside edge then the outside edge.’
    • ‘A shape was rising up out of the swamp, just outside the edges of the city.’
    • ‘Moving to the edge of the small clearing, I peered through the trees.’
    • ‘He skirted the western edge of the Lake and followed the well-worn path through the woods.’
    • ‘They should have only about a foot of the natural floor showing around the outside edges.’
    • ‘I playfully shot back, still guiding my horse along the water's edge.’
    • ‘In the evening, deer may be seen drinking at the water's edge.’
    • ‘These can be used for the outside edges of your walkway without having to be trimmed first.’
    • ‘A handful of sharpshooters already line the outer edge of the roof.’
    • ‘You can even add a stenciled cut-out design around the edge of the box.’
    • ‘To prevent movement of the metal within the joint, a small bead of silicone sealant can be applied near the outside edges of the T flanges.’
    • ‘Arranged at the outer edges of the bed, the specimen acts as part of your framework for your design.’
    • ‘The long, flexible prongs are placed around the outside edges of the shoe to improve stability and traction and to provide a cushion while you walk.’
    • ‘Secure the layers with pins, smoothing the fabric from the center to the outside edges.’
    • ‘The road direct from Middleton is steep and narrow, with the road surface breaking away at the edges due to water erosion in places.’
    • ‘I found a tree toward the edges of the outside area, and sat cross-legged, before unzipping my guitar bag.’
    • ‘He gripped the edge of the bed and sweat was already starting to run.’
    • ‘The center was not as lit as the outside edges were.’
    • ‘Tyler threw himself up in rage and gripped the edge of his bed.’
    border, boundary, extremity, fringe
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    1. 1.1 An area next to a steep drop.
      ‘the cliff edge’
      • ‘He decided to pull himself back from the cliff edge.’
      • ‘The island's main pull, however, is its bird life and sea views, which you get to via pathways, stairways, tunnels and dangerous cliff edges.’
      • ‘The forest had dissolved into a clearing near the edge of a steep cliff overlooking the sparkling lake.’
      • ‘The latter pastime, of jumping into the sea from cliff edges, is called tombstoning by the people who do it, but ‘bloody stupid’ by onlookers.’
      • ‘These waves are also hurling boulders as much as 50 metres back from cliff edges in Orkney and Shetland.’
      • ‘I spring to the edge, drop to my hands and knees, and peer over the rim.’
      • ‘She took one last look over her shoulder at the building before dropping off the edge off the cliff into the water below.’
      • ‘Standing on the edge of cliffs that drop suddenly, it's easy to imagine that this is the world's brink.’
      • ‘They found the man standing right by the steepest edge like he was ready to jump off.’
      • ‘I am not truly on the edge of a precipice, she reassured herself.’
      • ‘Walking in silence until the reached the edge of the cliff that over looked the waters below.’
      • ‘He jumped away from it, off the edge of a steep cliff, from which he now knew he may simply fall forever and never hit the ground.’
      • ‘At one point it narrowed dangerously as it bordered the edge of a steep cliff.’
      • ‘The area was near the edge of a cliff but it was far enough to not be considered any danger.’
      • ‘They stood at the edge of a precipice, made from of broken concrete.’
      • ‘I reached the edge of the cliff and flopped down onto the soft grass.’
      • ‘She skirted the cliff edge, and the squared up against the man.’
      • ‘Hunter picked up a pebble and dropped it over the edge of the cliff, watching it fall to the ocean.’
      • ‘The pool itself is fed by a cascade dropping off the edge of a fern-covered cliff.’
      • ‘On the third morning of his trek across the mountains, he found himself on the edge of a steep cliff, with a drop of several hundred feet before him.’
    2. 1.2in singular The point immediately before something unpleasant or momentous occurs.
      ‘the economy was teetering on the edge of recession’
      • ‘We never learn from our mistakes and we are all, at any moment, standing at the edge of chaos.’
      • ‘The speed and tension of city life has him at the edge of psychosis: something has to give, there has to be a safety valve.’
      • ‘It's partly the strained atmosphere in Japan at this moment, with the whole nation poised on the edge of a financial crash.’
      brink, threshold, point, dawn
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  • 2The sharpened side of the blade of a cutting implement or weapon.

    ‘a knife with a razor-sharp edge’
    • ‘The knife has been described as having a six or seven-inch blade with a jagged edge down one side only.’
    • ‘Its blade was five feet long and golden, with jagged edges on the sides of the blade.’
    • ‘The only thing she had to do was stay away from any blades' edges.’
    • ‘That means they can be used on the edges of razor blades for a smoother cut.’
    • ‘Circular blades formed blade breakers on either side of the flare, their outer edges sharpened.’
    • ‘The steel, because it held a good sharp edge was employed on the edges of the blade, with the relatively softer iron making up the bulk of the core of the blade.’
    • ‘As she arrived, Silveria left to a separate table to allow them to block his blade's razor edge.’
    • ‘A gasp escaped from him as the sword's razor edge sliced through his left shoulder.’
    • ‘When she stopped blowing, it emerged a new, clean shape, the blade twisting with curling edges, designed to rip rather than cut.’
    • ‘Sticky sap and grime cause dull blade edges, which make poor cuts.’
    • ‘Because of their sinuous edges and thick blades, these knives tended to rip and tear materials.’
    • ‘With a gasp, he lands on the blades, feeling their edges bite into the soles of his boots.’
    • ‘The edges of the blade would then be tempered in order to achieve maximum effectiveness.’
    • ‘It is believed that the knife had a three-inch blade with a serrated edge.’
    1. 2.1 The line along which two surfaces of a solid meet.
      • ‘The epidermis then spreads around the embryo until its edges finally meet along the ventral midline.’
      • ‘Another of the carpenters sat smoothing the ragged edges with a patch piece sitting near by.’
      • ‘I instructed them to remove the template and smooth the outside edges of the clay with their fingers.’
      • ‘Also, the border plates that make up the periphery of the shells have jagged outer edges.’
      boundary, boundary line, limit, border, borderline, bound, bounding line, frontier, partition, demarcation line, dividing line, end point, cut-off point, termination, pale, margin, perimeter, periphery, rim, extremity, fringe, threshold
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    2. 2.2in singular An intense, sharp, or striking quality.
      ‘a flamenco singer brings a primitive edge to the music’
      ‘there was an edge of menace in his voice’
      • ‘They play old-school video game theme music with a metal edge, and distribute their tunes for free on the Web.’
      • ‘Comedy or satire has to be slightly nasty, have a sharp edge to it.’
      • ‘They wrote with an intensity and a biting edge which was unusual in intellectual discourse hitherto.’
      • ‘The people who loved them told me that the person in question appreciated edgy music with a quirky edge.’
      • ‘Murray's little big band performs John Coltrane music with an edge.’
      • ‘For all his charm, his generosity, that deep, rasping cackle that rumbles through his conversation, he has a sharp edge.’
      • ‘That was much more to do with electronic/sequenced music with a live edge.’
      • ‘The Frenchman, still wearing the No 7 from his Manchester United heyday, has charisma but also an edge of menace.’
      • ‘Lyon's portrayal of Bertozzo's madness is somewhat heavyhanded, but he brings a feisty edge to the play's dynamics.’
      sharpness, severity, bite, sting, pointedness, asperity, pungency, mordancy, acerbity, acidity, tartness, trenchancy
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  • 3in singular A quality or factor which gives superiority over close rivals.

    ‘his cars have the edge over his rivals'’
    • ‘With both sets of defences holding the edge over the opposing attackers, the opening twenty minutes was a dead affair.’
    • ‘We are constantly looking for improvements that will give us the edge over our competition.’
    • ‘The Tarentaise qualities give it an edge over all other breeds when it comes to survival and fitness.’
    • ‘After that, modern equipment gave a company the edge over others.’
    • ‘Its quick reaction time and high rate of fire gives the Indian Army an edge during low intensity war-like situations.’
    • ‘The only comparable medium could be film, but I do think music has the edge.’
    • ‘Concrete reasoning gives you the edge over your peers and rivals.’
    • ‘Six years away from the pressurised tracks of Europe doesn't seem to have blunted his competitive edge.’
    • ‘The responses to the query as to whether Bangalore has lost its edge are along similar lines.’
    • ‘It has just sharpened their edge for the championship ahead.’
    • ‘Starting in the 1970s, the government imposed regulations to give an edge to local lenders.’
    • ‘But there is more pressure for the school leaver to have a competitive edge in the job market.’
    • ‘In this edition, Marines looks at new technologies and the never ending desire of Marines to sharpen their individual edges.’
    • ‘That's good news for gun dealers, who are always looking for an edge to boost business and increase profits.’
    • ‘The summit will challenge the notion that ethics and spirituality blunt the competitive edge.’
    • ‘He is expected to have the edge over his three rivals.’
    • ‘Yes, I'd even say it has the edge over London - no offense of course.’
    • ‘This time round, the immediacy and breadth of much internet coverage has, for news junkies, already given it the edge over TV and print.’
    • ‘Things are getting easier for sure, but you still have to come with tight music and a creative edge, that's for sure.’
    • ‘Over the same time, New South Wales also lost its leading edge in environmental policy.’
    advantage, lead, head, head start, trump card, the whip hand
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[with object]
  • 1Provide with a border or edge.

    ‘the pool is edged with paving’
    • ‘In addition, the borders surrounding the central lawn are edged with one-foot squares of flagstone.’
    • ‘Though they still traveled the same road, they had left the long line of trees that edged it.’
    • ‘One of my favourite ways to edge a garden is to use an herb border.’
    • ‘A gravel driveway provides parking and the lawn is edged with several well stocked beds.’
    • ‘Both the dense forest interiors and the fringes edging peat swamps are favoured.’
    • ‘Both sections were edged by a gray, consistent border.’
    • ‘You can still see the line of the canal where it edges the massacre site.’
    • ‘Raffael offers a partial view of a pool edged by rocks with brush hanging over the water.’
    • ‘A smooth border edges the mainspring housing and front of the grip strap to reduce drag and snag when carried concealed under.’
    • ‘Perhaps he did not attend the public meeting last week where we were told that the development would be 94 yards from the line of trees edging Windmill Lane.’
    border, fringe, rim, verge, skirt, be alongside
    trim, pipe, band, decorate, finish
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  • 2with adverbial of direction Move or cause to move gradually or furtively in a particular direction.

    no object ‘she tried to edge away from him’
    with object ‘Hazel quietly edged him away from the others’
    • ‘‘Oh really,’ sighed Mary, the tedium evident as she edged her way backwards.’
    • ‘Charlie got up from her seat and casually edged her way to the back of the yard.’
    • ‘Her eyes got wide and she slowly edged out the door.’
    • ‘Charles cautiously edged away from the source of the noise; he wasn't going to take any chances.’
    • ‘Traffic was blocked for a few minutes, until a woman in an SUV edged her way through and shouted her displeasure.’
    • ‘As the crowd surged away from yet another fizzing banger, we edged our way out of the square and ran for the cover of our hotel.’
    • ‘He looked at the griffon and edged nearer to hear what was going on.’
    • ‘Hell, it felt like a rolling ocean, the waves slowly edging back out to sea.’
    • ‘I slowly edged my way upstairs and went to her room.’
    • ‘A great cloud of fishy, chippy steam rushed out to welcome me and I edged my way in to find the place packed with people waiting for hot, fresh food.’
    • ‘Pulling her hair up into a ponytail she edged her way out of the bathroom.’
    • ‘We edged our way over like a pack of curious stray dogs.’
    • ‘He carefully edged his way to her and took her hand in his.’
    • ‘The garden door led to a small passageway down the side of a shed at the end of the short garden and Mike cautiously edged his way up.’
    • ‘The vast open landscape and the sheer enormity of the view triggered panic as I edged my way down, but at the same time took my breath away.’
    • ‘He smiled as he edged his way between her and the exit.’
    • ‘She edged her way around and asked what was happening.’
    • ‘The lights came back on, the floor started to hum, and the elevator edged upward.’
    • ‘I edged my way to the opening in the canvas and silently watched the figures outside.’
    • ‘I walked for a while, until I saw the water edging closer even through my low hung head.’
    creep, inch, inch one's way, worm, worm one's way, work, work one's way, pick one's way, nose, nose one's way, ease, ease oneself, ease one's way, advance slowly
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  • 3Give an intense or sharp quality to.

    ‘the bitterness that edged her voice’
    • ‘‘I think… I think that they are going to execute Darrius,’ she responded, worry edging her voice.’
    • ‘Sarcasm edged his voice and he turned back to the lesson only to be interrupted by the low buzz of someone's cell phone.’
    • ‘Sabrina was trying hard to be kind, Kris could tell, but her voice was edged with annoyance.’
    • ‘His voice was edged with pain, and I saw that he was struggling to keep his mask of self-assurance on.’
    • ‘Her voice was suddenly edged with anxiety, as if she too felt as if something was wrong.’
    • ‘He'd lost the impatience that had edged his voice just moments before.’
    • ‘‘You are slightly late for once,’ he said, sarcasm edging his voice.’
    • ‘Her voice was edged with more seriousness than usual.’
    • ‘‘The next shot won't miss,’ she assured him, malice edging her voice.’
    • ‘‘I had to, she was going to hurt herself,’ he responded, steel edging his voice.’
  • 4Cricket
    Strike (the ball) with the edge of the bat; strike a ball delivered by (the bowler) with the edge of the bat.

    ‘he edged a ball into his pad’
    no object ‘Haynes edged to slip’
    • ‘Vic Craven edged a ball on to his stumps to make the former England star only the fifth bowler currently playing anywhere in the world to have joined the elite club.’
    • ‘This is an instinctive reaction when a batsman has edged the ball, although not foolproof when combined with the other evidence suggests the decision was correct.’
    • ‘However, this approach almost proves his undoing as he fails to spot Warne's slider and is agonisingly close to edging the ball to Gilchrist.’
    • ‘Australia were back in the hunt, and thought they had another, when Pietersen appeared to edge his first ball off Lee.’
    • ‘On came Ian Botham, and Thomson edged his first ball head-high to second slip.’
  • 5no object Ski with one's weight on the edges of one's skis.

    ‘you will be edging early, controlling a parallel turn’
    • ‘Although it seems like skating uphill requires more edging, more pushing back and lots of grunting, focus on forward motion of your core and maximizing glide.’


  • on edge

    • Tense, nervous, or irritable.

      ‘never had she felt so on edge before an interview’
      • ‘For the time being I'm still slightly on edge, expecting to be disturbed.’
      • ‘That sort of conversation puts me terribly on edge, though, because it feels so patronizing.’
      • ‘So, people are on edge and are a little puzzled as to exactly what comes next and what's happening at the moment.’
      • ‘I guess you can see that this whole political scenario has me a bit on edge.’
      • ‘She couldn't help but notice that he looked a little on edge, as if he was nervous or something.’
      • ‘It is very sad that because of such strikes, the health sector remains on edge, deep tensions dividing it.’
      • ‘Recent events have kept the world on edge, the threat of terrorism a constant hot-button topic.’
      • ‘The Democrats are daring to hope and the Republicans are testy and on edge.’
      • ‘The sports community, and ethicists in general, are understandably on edge.’
      • ‘We were all on edge with the sort of nervous energy needed to focus the mind.’
      tense, nervous, edgy, highly strung, anxious, apprehensive, uneasy, ill at ease, unsettled, unstable
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  • on the edge of one's seat

    • informal Very excited and giving one's full attention to something.

      ‘a faster-played sport would keep fans on the edge of their seats’
      • ‘Imagine if telenovelas grabbed your heart and squeezed, kept you on the edge of your seat with real psychological insight and real human drama rather than sentiment, cliched suspense, and melodrama.’
      • ‘The new heist is more elaborate than the first one and has enough excitement to leave you on the edge of your seat.’
      • ‘And her encounter will keep you on the edge of your seat.’
      • ‘This action packed film has style, humour and is full of stunts which will keep you on the edge of your seat.’
      • ‘You find yourself on the edge of your seat, rooting for the show's cast and yelling at the TV to tell them what they should be doing.’
      • ‘Be part of the drama and on the edge of your seat in this entertaining and thought-provoking event.’
      • ‘If this scene were in a book, would I be laughing or on the edge of my seat with excitement and terror?’
      • ‘So I spent another four years of sleepless nights and days on the edge of my seat, hoping against hope that she would not crack and provide the secret that would allow them to get to us.’
      • ‘Conor is a fantastic writer and the script really keeps you on the edge of your seat.’
      • ‘The audience is left guessing right up until the very end and you are just on the edge of your seat.’
      anxious, impatient, waiting with bated breath, longing, yearning, aching, wishing, hoping, hopeful, thirsty, hungry, greedy
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  • set someone's teeth on edge

    • (especially of a harsh sound) cause someone to feel intense discomfort or irritation.

      ‘the grating sound set her teeth on edge’
      • ‘This assumed connection between the sleeping and feeding habits of infants, and the parents' willingness to apply the appropriate degree of discipline, always sets my teeth on edge.’
      • ‘I have been thinking about this all day long, ever since someone made a stray remark about this investigation that just set my teeth on edge.’
      • ‘A similar thing happens to many humans - as soon as you detect the excruciating high-pitched whine of a dentist's drill, it sets your teeth on edge.’
      • ‘Every sound that filtered through the snow-laden branches set his teeth on edge.’
      • ‘Even after all these years, loud eating is the one trait which still sets my teeth on edge.’
      • ‘Some owls screech and scream their heads off, setting your teeth on edge and jangling your nerves.’
      • ‘From the moment they start playing carols in the shops in October to the appearance of the first Easter Eggs in the shops on New Years Eve, the rampant hypocrisy of the Christmas spirit sets your teeth on edge.’
      • ‘Unless, of course, the sound of kids enjoying themselves sets your teeth on edge.’
      • ‘But something about the way these magazines photograph women sets my teeth on edge.’
      • ‘I hate beginning Monday mornings with the kind of irritation that sets my teeth on edge and makes me want to shout at the person concerned.’
      irritate, set someone's teeth on edge, jar
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  • take the edge off

    • Reduce the intensity or effect of (something unpleasant or severe)

      ‘the tablets will take the edge off the pain’
      • ‘And right now, they don't have anything to take the edge off.’
      • ‘The real man gets up and pounds back a cold one to take the edge off.’
      • ‘Taking 500 mg of milk thistle before embarking on a long night of drinking often takes the edge off the after effects.’
      • ‘My Friend Rob I have a friend who reads my stuff and sends me thoughtful email and I got a great note from him this morning about my son being ill and how sometimes praying can take the edge off - I totally agree.’
      • ‘Staying in high gear whenever possible, accelerating slowly and reducing weight can help take the edge off the fuel bill.’
      • ‘I would always have two pints after a round to take the edge off and relax.’
      • ‘Yet resurgent consumer spending, the lifeblood of all advanced post-industrial economies like Hong Kong's, should take the edge off, economists said.’
      • ‘A couple of overdue emails took the edge off of the urge but didn't sate it.’
      • ‘Keep on biking and swimming, though, to take the edge off.’
      • ‘Apparently the painkillers had worn off and, when he couldn't find his usual source, decided to buy some crack to take the edge off.’
      allay, assuage, alleviate, ease, relieve, reduce, diminish, decrease, lessen, soothe, soften, dull, cushion, mollify, moderate, calm, lull, temper, mitigate, palliate, blunt, deaden, abate, tone down
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Phrasal Verbs

  • edge someone out

    • 1Narrowly defeat a rival or opponent.

      ‘Portugal edged out Holland in the semi-final’
      ‘United edged out Rovers 4–2 on penalties’
      • ‘The Warriors won both games, blanking the Guelph Gryphons 3-0 and edging the Western Mustangs 3-1.’
      • ‘In the final game of the day, Kay scored three more, but MIM were edged out 7-6 in a thrilling victory for Grange.’
      • ‘Little separated the sides on the day with Portlaoise just edging out the home side.’
      • ‘Wanderers are edged out 3-2 at Spurs after hot-shot Ricketts opens the scoring watched by Sven Goran-Eriksson.’
      • ‘Then they were edged out 3-2 by visitors Baildon Trinity.’
      • ‘The pair raced bumper to bumper down the quarter-mile, but Hembey edged Pearson at the line, 10.91 to 10.92.’
      • ‘If, as seems more likely, they should win their home games, but lose in Dortmund, they could still be edged out of the play-offs by Iceland.’
      • ‘For the second time this season at Spotland stadium Oldham were edged out by one point against fierce local rivals Rochdale Hornets.’
      • ‘Before the contest, the Italians had prevailed in just two encounters, beating Scotland in Rome in 2000 and last year edging Wales 30-22 on home soil.’
      • ‘The Warriors gained on McMaster for second-place last Wednesday night, edging the Marauders 69-62.’
      • ‘City were edged out of the play-off places by the Swindon loss last week.’
      • ‘Louisburgh were edged out by Ballinrobe in the division 2 play-off and must face into another season in the lower division.’
      • ‘He has plugged away and after edging Australian Quinten Hann in a marathon last-eight contest on Friday, was preparing himself to muscle up to the undoubted dark horse, Gray.’
      • ‘Wigan proved there is life after Andy Farrell by edging arch-rivals St Helens in front of a record Super League crowd of 25,004 at the JJB Stadium.’
      • ‘Honourable mentions should also go to the French full-back Serge Blanco and American athlete Michael Johnson, who were edged out by Rives and Moses.’
      • ‘Eastman opened the Souris tourney Friday night edging the host Cougars 2-1 as Tyler Bram had both Eastman markers.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, the league continued with Clifton Ladies edging home 5-4 over York University Staff Club in Ladies Division One.’
      • ‘This week the Saints kept their perfect league record intact - barely - by edging the Sentinel Spartans 60-58.’
      • ‘They were edged out of a place in the quarterfinals in a close group as Milan and Real Madrid went through.’
    • 2Remove a person from an organization or role by indirect means.

      ‘she was edged out of the organization by the director’
      • ‘Hambly was edged out in July 2002 and took the company to court to obtain his pay-off.’
      • ‘Technology may yet edge out attitudes in any attempt to narrow the chasm when it comes to rural and urban needs and wants.’
      • ‘Boulianne took the gold, posting a time of 28.68 seconds and edging out Mains by.09 seconds.’
      • ‘Our television drama, once considered to be the best in the world, has been edged out by trashy entertainment formats.’
      • ‘The state party chairman announcing today she won the February five caucuses there, edging out Barack Obama by some 2,000 ballots.’
      • ‘Ashley was the most popular name for girls, edging out Emily.’
      • ‘The band definitely edges out all other commitments for the next few weeks, as the girls embark on their first big tour.’
      • ‘Court Masterpiece, a nine-length winner at the course earlier in the season, just edged out Jack Sullivan in a tight finish.’
      • ‘Of the meat selections, Malaysian pork chop edged out lamb and steak as a favorite.’
      • ‘He used to be more important, but guys get edged out when the growing pains start.’


Old English ecg ‘sharpened side of a blade’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch egge and German Ecke, also to Old Norse eggja (see egg), from an Indo-European root shared by Latin acies ‘edge’ and Greek akis ‘point’.