One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Any of a group of enteroviruses which can cause respiratory infections and a mild form of meningitis.
- ‘Enteroviruses, including coxsackieviruses and echoviruses, are important viral pathogens in humans, causing a variety of diseases.’
- ‘These are usually self-limited syndromes caused by a variety of viruses: rhinovirus, adenovirus, echovirus, coxsackievirus, influenza, and parainfluenza viruses.’
- ‘Named after Coxsackie, New York, where they were discovered, the coxsackie viruses are part of the enterovirus family of viruses (which also includes echoviruses, polio, and hepatitis A viruses) that live in the human digestive tract.’
- ‘The results of serology tests for other viruses, including hepatitis A, hepatitis B, cytomegalovirus, mononucleosis, Coxsackievirus, and echovirus were negative.’
- ‘These included coxsackie and echoviruses, measles, rubella, smallpox, rabies and herpes viruses as well as viruses causing hepatitis, respiratory and arthropod-borne infections.’
1950s: from echo (acronym from enteric cytopathogenic human orphan, because the virus was not originally assignable to any known disease) + virus.
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