Definition of echovirus in English:


(also ECHO virus)


  • Any of a group of enteroviruses which can cause respiratory infections and a mild form of meningitis.

    • ‘Enteroviruses, including coxsackieviruses and echoviruses, are important viral pathogens in humans, causing a variety of diseases.’
    • ‘These are usually self-limited syndromes caused by a variety of viruses: rhinovirus, adenovirus, echovirus, coxsackievirus, influenza, and parainfluenza viruses.’
    • ‘Named after Coxsackie, New York, where they were discovered, the coxsackie viruses are part of the enterovirus family of viruses (which also includes echoviruses, polio, and hepatitis A viruses) that live in the human digestive tract.’
    • ‘The results of serology tests for other viruses, including hepatitis A, hepatitis B, cytomegalovirus, mononucleosis, Coxsackievirus, and echovirus were negative.’
    • ‘These included coxsackie and echoviruses, measles, rubella, smallpox, rabies and herpes viruses as well as viruses causing hepatitis, respiratory and arthropod-borne infections.’


1950s: from echo (acronym from enteric cytopathogenic human orphan, because the virus was not originally assignable to any known disease) + virus.