Definition of E. coli in English:

E. coli


mass noun
  • A bacterium commonly found in the intestines of humans and other animals, some strains of which can cause severe food poisoning.

    Escherichia coli; a motile Gram-negative bacillus

    • ‘Compensation in E. coli and other bacteria has been demonstrated several times.’
    • ‘These are more common in children and can be caused by bacteria such as E. coli.’
    • ‘It's almost impossible to protect dairy cows from E. coli and other coliform bacteria.’
    • ‘Now when we talk about germs, we're talking about everything from the common cold to E. coli.’
    • ‘The large intestine of healthy individuals provides the primary niche for E. coli in humans.’
    • ‘If the meat is harboring E. coli or Salmonella, it will trigger a visual alarm.’
    • ‘The muck is believed to contain E. coli, certain viruses and a cholera-like bacteria.’
    • ‘These genes were identified by comparing the human sequences to those from yeast and E. coli.’
    • ‘The bacterium E. coli is a normal inhabitant of the gastrointestinal tract of humans and livestock.’
    • ‘Each batch of milk is tested for bad guys like salmonella and E. coli, and not once have they been found.’
    • ‘They spliced a piece of frog DNA into the DNA of a common bacterium known as E. coli.’
    • ‘Food contaminated with the E. coli bacteria will not look or smell spoiled.’
    • ‘But tests for the bacteria E. coli may take five days to confirm a positive reading.’
    • ‘The order of the genes in the four strains of E. coli was identical, leading to distances equal to zero.’
    • ‘The bacteria E. coli is being genetically engineered by the CIA to create killer germs.’
    • ‘If you have a private well, have it tested once a year for germs including E. coli.’
    • ‘The first peroxiredoxins were cloned from bacteria such as Salmonella typhimurium and E. coli.’
    • ‘The culprit that causes most bladder infections is E. coli, a bacteria normally found in the bowel.’
    • ‘It can detect seven types of contaminants, from chlorine to traces of bacteria like E. coli.’
    • ‘We expect all of the genes in this category to be native to E. coli since its divergence from Salmonella.’


1920s: abbreviation of the Latin binomial Escherichia coli, from the name of the German physician Theodor Escherich (1857–1911), who isolated the type species of the genus + Latin coli genitive of colon.


E. coli

/iː ˈkəʊlʌɪ/