Definition of dystrophy in English:



mass nounVeterinary Medicine Medicine
  • A disorder in which an organ or tissue of the body wastes away.

    ‘myotonic dystrophy’
    count noun ‘macular dystrophies damage the central portion of the retina’
    • ‘Muscular dystrophies are genetic disorders, usually progressive, which can lead to profound paralysis.’
    • ‘In addition, diseases resulting in impaired contraction of striated muscle, such as myasthenia gravis or myotonic dystrophies, may demonstrate similar abnormalities.’
    • ‘There are some people who have corneal dystrophies such as Fuchs who also have macular degeneration, and they can benefit from transplantation when the cornea becomes cloudy.’
    • ‘Fuchs' dystrophy is an inherited disease that affects the cornea - the transparent front surface of your eye.’
    • ‘The key breakthroughs in the mitochondrial disorders and Duchenne dystrophy had all been made by the early '90s, and yet a decade later, no effective treatments have yet emerged.’


Late 19th century: from modern Latin dystrophia, from Greek dus- ‘bad’ + -trophia ‘nourishment’.