Definition of dysthymia in English:

dysthymia

noun

Psychiatry
  • [mass noun] Persistent mild depression:

    ‘in some, at least 2 years of dysthymia lead to recurring major depression’
    • ‘Like major depression, dysthymia can be treated with supportive therapy that provides advice, reassurance, sympathy, and education.’
    • ‘None of the studies included in our review specifically examined minor depressive disorder, mild presentations of a major depressive disorder, or dysthymia.’
    • ‘You may be suffering from low-grade depression, formally known as dysthymia, which is milder and tougher to identify than acute depression.’
    • ‘Teplin and colleagues say they are especially concerned about the high rates of depression and dysthymia in detained youth.’
    • ‘Elderly persons also may have minor depression or dysthymia, which might be amenable to treatment with medication or behavioral intervention.’
    melancholy, misery, sadness, unhappiness, sorrow, woe, gloom, gloominess, dejection, downheartedness, despondency, dispiritedness, low spirits, heavy-heartedness, moroseness, discouragement, despair, desolation, dolefulness, moodiness, pessimism, hopelessness
    View synonyms

Origin

Mid 19th century: from Greek dusthumia.

Pronunciation:

dysthymia

/dɪsˈθʌɪmɪə/