Definition of dysentery in English:

dysentery

noun

mass noun
  • Infection of the intestines resulting in severe diarrhoea with the presence of blood and mucus in the faeces.

    Amoebic dysentery is caused by the protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, mainly in warm climates, and spread by contaminated water and food; bacterial dysentery is caused by bacteria of the genus Shigella and can also spread by contact (see shigella)

    • ‘Doctors there were seeing many cases of diarrhoeal disease and feared epidemics of dysentery and cholera.’
    • ‘A recent study found that some urban rats were infected with organisms that could cause diseases including diarrhoea and dysentery.’
    • ‘Cholera, typhoid, dysentery, and other illnesses can be contracted from untreated bathing and drinking water.’
    • ‘The reductions in duration of both non-dysenteric diarrhoea and dysentery were significant.’
    • ‘One is able to regard the country as very healthy, despite the regrettable maladies that frequently afflict it in the form of plague, dysentery and small pox.’
    • ‘There are no pus cells in the stool, thereby ruling out a bacterial diarrhea like shigella dysentery.’
    • ‘The pulp of Baobab fruits has a taste like the cream of tartar and is used to treat fever, dysentery and stomach ailments in some parts of Asia.’
    • ‘Cholera, dysentery, tuberculosis, and other new diseases took my mother and my friends in a matter of months.’
    • ‘Within weeks of the arrival of the new inmates, epidemics of typhus, dysentery, and tuberculosis were raging out of control.’
    • ‘You do hear about outbreaks of things like cholera and dysentery as well as malaria.’
    • ‘S. flexneri and S. dysenteriae type 1 typically produce severe dysentery, particularly the latter.’
    • ‘We have lots of patients suffering from dysentery and diarrhea.’
    • ‘By August eighty-nine men were recorded in the hospital registers with having diarrhea or dysentery.’
    • ‘Mortality during famines was rarely caused solely by starvation but from related diseases like dysentery, typhoid, and typhus.’
    • ‘In numerous cases, men first diagnosed with malaria or typhoid were later classified with diarrhea or dysentery.’
    • ‘Amebic dysentery is a severe form of amoebiasis.’
    • ‘Sewage can carry cholera, typhoid, hepatitis and dysentery, all of which start with acute diarrhoea.’
    • ‘As the tankers dug in, dengue fever, malaria, diarrhea, and dysentery afflicted many of the soldiers.’
    • ‘While the tidal waves wreaked havoc, the death toll from epidemics caused by diseases such as dysentery, cholera and typhoid could be far higher.’
    • ‘Although blood in the stool suggests invasive disease, fever is not a sensitive indicator of dysentery.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French dissenterie, or via Latin from Greek dusenteria, from dusenteros ‘afflicted in the bowels’, from dus- ‘bad’ + entera ‘bowels’.

Pronunciation

dysentery

/ˈdɪs(ə)nt(ə)ri/