Definition of dynasty in English:



  • 1A line of hereditary rulers of a country.

    ‘the Tang dynasty’
    • ‘He assisted in compiling the official histories of the Jin and Sui dynasties.’
    • ‘The survivors of the English royal dynasty, led by Edgar the Atheling, fled to Malcolm's court in 1068.’
    • ‘Two principal dynasties, the Umayyads and Abbasids, dominated the caliphate until 1258.’
    • ‘Founder of the Merovingian dynasty was Merovaeus, said to be descended from the union of a sea creature and a French queen.’
    • ‘This month my two-part series on the Dukes of York concludes with the dukes from the Stuart, Hanoverian, and Windsor dynasties.’
    • ‘The Emperor Yao is considered by some Confucians to be the model ruler and the ancestor of the Han dynasty.’
    • ‘Many were built during the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties.’
    • ‘In content, Soucek concentrates on the political narrative of conquests, rulers, and dynasties, along with brief profiles of a few literary and religious figures.’
    • ‘The Habsburg and Hohenzollern dynasties abdicated, following the Romanovs.’
    • ‘When the Hohenstaufen dynasty fell in 1254, the capital of Italian poetry moved north.’
    • ‘The Italian branches of the Habsburg and Bourbon dynasties were severed from their parent houses.’
    • ‘Prior to the modern period, states were justified by reference to their rulers, their dynasties, and their religion.’
    • ‘As a young prince of the Renaissance, François became caught up in the struggle between the Habsburg and Valois dynasties of Europe.’
    • ‘In each, there were normally at any one time many rulers and many dynasties contending for power, and within the typical dynasty often more than one claimant to the position of ruler.’
    • ‘The massive monumental structures were intricately carved and decorated with scenes showing how the hereditary dynasties of the kings united with the gods.’
    • ‘Sharif Ali bin al-Hussein is reportedly the current heir to the Iraqi line of the Hashemite dynasty.’
    • ‘In 1740 war came again as the result of another succession crisis when the male line of the Habsburg dynasty came to an end.’
    • ‘The relationship between Taiwan and China goes back more than 400 years, through the PRC, the Republic of China, and the Qing and Ming dynasties.’
    • ‘Actually, the village is a living museum of buildings of the Ming and Qing dynasties.’
    • ‘How many rulers in the Herod dynasty are identified in Bible History?’
    bloodline, line, ancestral line, lineage, house, family, ancestry, descent, extraction, succession, genealogy, family tree
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    1. 1.1 A succession of people from the same family who play a prominent role in business, politics, or another field.
      ‘the Guinness dynasty’
      • ‘For the Post, the International Herald Tribune partnership was as much a personal bond between the two newspapers and the two family dynasties as it was a business deal.’
      • ‘As the third in line in the McCain dynasty, he is the man as far as the US Navy is concerned.’
      • ‘At the same time, the Bush women are a critical factor in the rise and success of the dynasty.’
      • ‘They established dynasties and played an important role in political life.’
      • ‘If the scions of the political dynasties have to reinvent themselves as stars in order to capture the imagination, what hope is there for ordinary but hard-working candidates?’
      • ‘Indonesia's election campaign is in many ways a battle between two dynasties which have dominated politics since the country's birth almost 60 years ago.’
      • ‘But the kinship between these two pedigreed sons of American political dynasties is sincere.’
      • ‘The former vice president is the son of a US Senator and scion of a prominent political dynasty.’
      • ‘Of course none of these great families runs its operations quite like the industrial dynasties of the 19th century.’
      • ‘Is it finally high noon for one of Turkey's most powerful business dynasties?’
      • ‘The man who helped to create a president and a political dynasty died in April last year after a lifetime of achievement.’
      • ‘The Bird dynasty, which has controlled the politics since independence, was voted out two months ago.’
      • ‘Looking outside politics, we see similar dynasties in business, for example the Rockefellers, Mellons and du Ponts.’
      • ‘Mark Stafford, a fourth-generation scion of one of Leinster's most prominent business dynasties, has decided to end his family's informal media omerta.’
      • ‘The era of the privately-run family dynasties in Australian media is over, and the era of benign governance of the ABC is over.’
      • ‘Doreen has been Haworth's lollipop lady for 11 years and she is steadily building up a family dynasty in the job.’
      • ‘Newcomers trying to break into politics in Kerry must be having second thoughts, given the way the old political dynasties continue to dominate.’
      • ‘There are famous acting dynasties and producer dynasties.’
      • ‘Bootlegging helped enrich a fellow named Joseph Kennedy, creating one of America's great political dynasties.’
      • ‘Part of the club for 35 years, Garry Hughes and the Hughes family are a dynasty in rugby league circles.’
      bloodline, line, ancestral line, lineage, house, family, ancestry, descent, extraction, succession, genealogy, family tree
      View synonyms


Late Middle English: from French dynastie, or via late Latin from Greek dunasteia ‘lordship, power’, from dunastēs (see dynast).