Definition of dynamics in English:


plural noun

  • 1treated as singular The branch of mechanics concerned with the motion of bodies under the action of forces.

    Compare with statics
    • ‘The experiments covered computational and thermal structures, structural mechanics and dynamics.’
    • ‘Newton used Kepler's insights to explore mathematically the dynamics of planetary motion.’
    • ‘The main characteristic of all intermittent flight modes is periodic variation in thrust generated by the flapping wings, and therefore in the dynamics of the body.’
    • ‘Huygens attempts for the first time in this work to study the dynamics of bodies rather than particles.’
    • ‘These scientific giants had accurately described phenomena of dynamics and celestial mechanics, but neither had formulated scientific explanations.’
    • ‘Reared as fliers, they had an instinctive grasp of the dynamics of three-dimensional motion.’
    • ‘In some cases we now have enough understanding of the molecular mechanisms to capture their dynamics into mathematical models.’
    • ‘Only after Galileo had become famous through his discoveries in the area of mechanics, dynamics and optics, did he admit his Copernican position in print.’
    • ‘Molecular mechanics and dynamics use an empirical energy function known as a force field to model the conformation of a molecule.’
    • ‘We begin with a qualitative picture of the dynamics of lipid motions given in Figs.7 and 8.’
    • ‘The training allows astronauts to become familiar with the dynamics of body motion under weightless conditions.’
    • ‘Newton's work in calculus was all to work out the dynamics of motion, so there was really no difference.’
    • ‘Also, I do teach Nik's principles of space time, shape, motion, dynamics - and I add a few of my own things.’
    • ‘The first volume covered dynamics, mechanics, hydrostatics, hydraulics, aerostatics, and pneumatics.’
    • ‘Niccolò Tartaglia's early publications on mechanics, dynamics, and motion were in fact the first modern studies of ballistics.’
    • ‘Euler here also begins developing the kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies, introducing in part the differential equations for their motion.’
    • ‘A year later he obtained the first solution for the problem of the dynamics of colliding elastic bodies.’
    • ‘These solutions show that the dynamics of motion is dramatically slowed down if one end of a microtubule is fixed instead of free.’
    • ‘In 1958 Leimanis published some recent advances in the dynamics of rigid bodies and celestial mechanics.’
    • ‘This gives it a stiffer body shell and better dynamics.’
    1. 1.1usually with modifier The branch of any science in which forces or changes are considered.
      ‘chemical dynamics’
      • ‘Former Olympic bronze medal winner Wieger Mensonides studied mechanical engineering and uses his knowledge of fluid dynamics to prime the Dutch champion's technique.’
      • ‘Glycophorins, however, have a rather different evolutionary dynamics than the immunoglobulins.’
      • ‘Here, we use salamander pheromone delivery as a test case for dissecting the evolutionary dynamics at multiple levels in a functional complex.’
      • ‘They are performing research in such advanced fields as computational fluid dynamics, electromagnetics, power electronics and composite materials.’
      • ‘In pursuing our overall goal of a better characterization of the evolutionary dynamics at the molecular level, we had several objectives.’
      • ‘This capacity may result in substantially different population and evolutionary dynamics than in organisms incapable of withdrawing from ongoing stress.’
      • ‘Events of DNA duplication were described in many eukaryote genomes, but are the duplication dynamics similar in all eukaryotes?’
      • ‘These populations offer a unique opportunity to monitor evolutionary dynamics in ancestral populations that harbor multiple strains of Wolbachia.’
      • ‘At Haverford College, I generally include an introduction to fluid dynamics in our undergraduate mechanics course.’
      • ‘To these defenders I mention the handling of pieces of art, foodstuffs, beverages, and host of other things involving mechanical dynamics.’
      • ‘Sysmex has developed a new methodology of cell growth dynamics based on C2P by using a proprietary chip-based multi-protein analysis.’
      • ‘The problem is, because of fluid dynamics, when the body is moving, the vestibular system generates erroneous cues about our orientation.’
      • ‘The ratios of branch lengths provided a starting point to further probe the evolutionary dynamics at Chs and Adh by testing for correlations between the ij matrices.’
      • ‘Do polyps of other cnidarian species have a tissue dynamics similar to that of hydra?’
  • 2The forces or properties which stimulate growth, development, or change within a system or process.

    ‘the dynamics of changing social relations’
    • ‘The setup is rather mechanical, but the dynamics of the relationship between Anna and William are sensitively explored.’
    • ‘We are all implicated in the social and cultural dynamics her work contests.’
    • ‘Marx sharpened and deepened this concept, and then used it to explore capitalism's class relations and internal dynamics.’
    • ‘As this history makes clear, a powerful set of internal dynamics drove the development of the European economy in the second half of the twentieth century.’
    • ‘Heal's many drawings show his devotion to this process, devising groupings to allow specific contrasts or emotional dynamics between works to emerge.’
    • ‘Clearly in many situations there are dynamics that hold people together that outsiders are just not privy to.’
    • ‘Listening to a sit-down debate changes the dynamics so I'm curious to hear what people thought.’
    • ‘The Fed ease that triggers the refinancing surge sets into motion the cumulative dynamics of an economic expansion.’
    • ‘After speaking to the brothers Moffatt, you can really sense their distinct personalities and the dynamics between them.’
    • ‘Changes in money supply set in motion new dynamics that give rise to changes in demands for goods and to changes in their relative prices.’
    • ‘Electoral politics are ultimately an expression of underlying cultural dynamics.’
    • ‘Economic development creates its own dynamics and tensions in the social and political spheres, which must be addressed.’
    • ‘The competitive dynamics among siblings can have a profound effect on their growth and survival and, thereby, also on parental fitness.’
    • ‘By the Heisenberg principle, their participation has changed the dynamics and interests in the election process.’
    • ‘Social formations and political institutions are examined as they operate within their own dynamics as well as in relation to Europe and world capitalism.’
    • ‘The question is: given the current political dynamics and developments inside the party, what will happen now?’
    • ‘This is because these votes may well change the political dynamics within the conservative and liberal movements.’
    • ‘Once prices start falling it is held that this can set in motion very dangerous dynamics, which can lead to a severe economic slump.’
    • ‘Hopefully, though, in the pages that follow I can shine some light on the dynamics at work in this crazy software development universe which we are lucky enough to call home.’
    • ‘And I fear that this result will set in motion dangerous dynamics that even the relatively young among us will be wrestling with and contending with for the rest of our lives.’
  • 3Music
    The varying levels of volume of sound in different parts of a musical performance.

    • ‘Unless the conductor and the orchestra have a disciplined sense of dynamics when accompanying singers, we wind up believing we're not meeting expectations.’
    • ‘A flute just always sounds flutey, no matter how exquisitely it is phrased, or how cleverly the flautist manages the dynamics.’
    • ‘The Petrarchian Sonnet is not quite as successful, Cliburn's dynamics favoring mezzo-forte and forte a little too much throughout.’
    • ‘The piano projected brightly, the themes warmly shaped and the passagework bristling and with sensitive dynamics.’
    • ‘Variety can also be obtained without affecting the musical substance simply by repeating a melody with different dynamics or instruments.’