Definition of dynamics in English:


plural noun

  • 1treated as singular The branch of mechanics concerned with the motion of bodies under the action of forces.

    Compare with statics
    • ‘The experiments covered computational and thermal structures, structural mechanics and dynamics.’
    • ‘Huygens attempts for the first time in this work to study the dynamics of bodies rather than particles.’
    • ‘Only after Galileo had become famous through his discoveries in the area of mechanics, dynamics and optics, did he admit his Copernican position in print.’
    • ‘Also, I do teach Nik's principles of space time, shape, motion, dynamics - and I add a few of my own things.’
    • ‘The main characteristic of all intermittent flight modes is periodic variation in thrust generated by the flapping wings, and therefore in the dynamics of the body.’
    • ‘A year later he obtained the first solution for the problem of the dynamics of colliding elastic bodies.’
    • ‘These solutions show that the dynamics of motion is dramatically slowed down if one end of a microtubule is fixed instead of free.’
    • ‘These scientific giants had accurately described phenomena of dynamics and celestial mechanics, but neither had formulated scientific explanations.’
    • ‘In some cases we now have enough understanding of the molecular mechanisms to capture their dynamics into mathematical models.’
    • ‘Newton's work in calculus was all to work out the dynamics of motion, so there was really no difference.’
    • ‘Newton used Kepler's insights to explore mathematically the dynamics of planetary motion.’
    • ‘Euler here also begins developing the kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies, introducing in part the differential equations for their motion.’
    • ‘Molecular mechanics and dynamics use an empirical energy function known as a force field to model the conformation of a molecule.’
    • ‘In 1958 Leimanis published some recent advances in the dynamics of rigid bodies and celestial mechanics.’
    • ‘Niccolò Tartaglia's early publications on mechanics, dynamics, and motion were in fact the first modern studies of ballistics.’
    • ‘We begin with a qualitative picture of the dynamics of lipid motions given in Figs.7 and 8.’
    • ‘This gives it a stiffer body shell and better dynamics.’
    • ‘Reared as fliers, they had an instinctive grasp of the dynamics of three-dimensional motion.’
    • ‘The first volume covered dynamics, mechanics, hydrostatics, hydraulics, aerostatics, and pneumatics.’
    • ‘The training allows astronauts to become familiar with the dynamics of body motion under weightless conditions.’
    1. 1.1usually with modifier The branch of any science in which forces or changes are considered.
      ‘chemical dynamics’
      • ‘Do polyps of other cnidarian species have a tissue dynamics similar to that of hydra?’
      • ‘The problem is, because of fluid dynamics, when the body is moving, the vestibular system generates erroneous cues about our orientation.’
      • ‘Events of DNA duplication were described in many eukaryote genomes, but are the duplication dynamics similar in all eukaryotes?’
      • ‘At Haverford College, I generally include an introduction to fluid dynamics in our undergraduate mechanics course.’
      • ‘This capacity may result in substantially different population and evolutionary dynamics than in organisms incapable of withdrawing from ongoing stress.’
      • ‘Here, we use salamander pheromone delivery as a test case for dissecting the evolutionary dynamics at multiple levels in a functional complex.’
      • ‘Former Olympic bronze medal winner Wieger Mensonides studied mechanical engineering and uses his knowledge of fluid dynamics to prime the Dutch champion's technique.’
      • ‘The ratios of branch lengths provided a starting point to further probe the evolutionary dynamics at Chs and Adh by testing for correlations between the ij matrices.’
      • ‘Glycophorins, however, have a rather different evolutionary dynamics than the immunoglobulins.’
      • ‘These populations offer a unique opportunity to monitor evolutionary dynamics in ancestral populations that harbor multiple strains of Wolbachia.’
      • ‘Sysmex has developed a new methodology of cell growth dynamics based on C2P by using a proprietary chip-based multi-protein analysis.’
      • ‘They are performing research in such advanced fields as computational fluid dynamics, electromagnetics, power electronics and composite materials.’
      • ‘In pursuing our overall goal of a better characterization of the evolutionary dynamics at the molecular level, we had several objectives.’
      • ‘To these defenders I mention the handling of pieces of art, foodstuffs, beverages, and host of other things involving mechanical dynamics.’
  • 2The forces or properties which stimulate growth, development, or change within a system or process.

    ‘the dynamics of changing social relations’
    • ‘The competitive dynamics among siblings can have a profound effect on their growth and survival and, thereby, also on parental fitness.’
    • ‘Marx sharpened and deepened this concept, and then used it to explore capitalism's class relations and internal dynamics.’
    • ‘Heal's many drawings show his devotion to this process, devising groupings to allow specific contrasts or emotional dynamics between works to emerge.’
    • ‘As this history makes clear, a powerful set of internal dynamics drove the development of the European economy in the second half of the twentieth century.’
    • ‘Changes in money supply set in motion new dynamics that give rise to changes in demands for goods and to changes in their relative prices.’
    • ‘We are all implicated in the social and cultural dynamics her work contests.’
    • ‘The setup is rather mechanical, but the dynamics of the relationship between Anna and William are sensitively explored.’
    • ‘Clearly in many situations there are dynamics that hold people together that outsiders are just not privy to.’
    • ‘After speaking to the brothers Moffatt, you can really sense their distinct personalities and the dynamics between them.’
    • ‘By the Heisenberg principle, their participation has changed the dynamics and interests in the election process.’
    • ‘The Fed ease that triggers the refinancing surge sets into motion the cumulative dynamics of an economic expansion.’
    • ‘Hopefully, though, in the pages that follow I can shine some light on the dynamics at work in this crazy software development universe which we are lucky enough to call home.’
    • ‘And I fear that this result will set in motion dangerous dynamics that even the relatively young among us will be wrestling with and contending with for the rest of our lives.’
    • ‘Social formations and political institutions are examined as they operate within their own dynamics as well as in relation to Europe and world capitalism.’
    • ‘Once prices start falling it is held that this can set in motion very dangerous dynamics, which can lead to a severe economic slump.’
    • ‘Electoral politics are ultimately an expression of underlying cultural dynamics.’
    • ‘Listening to a sit-down debate changes the dynamics so I'm curious to hear what people thought.’
    • ‘The question is: given the current political dynamics and developments inside the party, what will happen now?’
    • ‘This is because these votes may well change the political dynamics within the conservative and liberal movements.’
    • ‘Economic development creates its own dynamics and tensions in the social and political spheres, which must be addressed.’
  • 3Music
    The varying levels of volume of sound in different parts of a musical performance.

    • ‘Variety can also be obtained without affecting the musical substance simply by repeating a melody with different dynamics or instruments.’
    • ‘Unless the conductor and the orchestra have a disciplined sense of dynamics when accompanying singers, we wind up believing we're not meeting expectations.’
    • ‘A flute just always sounds flutey, no matter how exquisitely it is phrased, or how cleverly the flautist manages the dynamics.’
    • ‘The Petrarchian Sonnet is not quite as successful, Cliburn's dynamics favoring mezzo-forte and forte a little too much throughout.’
    • ‘The piano projected brightly, the themes warmly shaped and the passagework bristling and with sensitive dynamics.’