One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A fungal disease of elm trees that is spread by elm bark beetles. A virulent strain of the fungus which arose in North America has destroyed the majority of elms in southern Britain.
The fungus is Ceratocystis ulmi, subdivision Ascomycotina
- ‘It used to grow in a number of places scattered around Britain, but in the last 30 years it has declined dramatically, due to air pollution from sulphur dioxide followed by Dutch elm disease.’
- ‘With the introduction of Dutch elm disease, thousands of communities lost all their street trees in only a few years.’
- ‘Secondly, old hedgerow trees are often in short supply, partly due to the effects of Dutch elm disease in the 1970s.’
- ‘As well as incorporating original furnishings by an interior designer, it was carefully fitted out with reclaimed materials, such as elm wood from trees felled because of Dutch elm disease.’
- ‘The only benefit of wound dressings is to prevent introduction of pathogens in the specific cases of Dutch elm disease and oak wilt.’
- ‘Previous research has documented the effects of chestnut blight, Dutch elm disease, ash yellows, oak wilt, and beech bark disease on tree diameter distributions in eastern deciduous forests.’
- ‘The beetle-borne Dutch elm disease destroyed one of the nation's great shade trees.’
- ‘The national co-champion American elm, a beautiful, classically shaped elm that graced a field in Grand Traverse County, Michigan, died after a two-year struggle against Dutch elm disease.’
- ‘One - the national champion American elm, in Grand Traverse County, Michigan - has recently been declared dead from Dutch elm disease.’
- ‘We have lost too many champions to Dutch elm disease, chestnut blight, and oak wilt to believe that.’
- ‘Another well known exotic is Dutch elm disease, a fungus that actually originated in Asia, came through Europe and on to North America where it has resulted in the death of many native elms in the US and Canada.’
- ‘A worst case scenario would be one or more of our beautiful oaks proving so susceptible that a plague comparable to Dutch elm disease or chestnut blight would sweep major ecosystems, even continent-wide.’
- ‘Since Dutch elm disease destroyed the elm 30 years ago, the large tortoiseshell butterfly has tottered on the verge of extinction.’
- ‘Breeding successes like camellias with better cold tolerance, American elms resistant to Dutch elm disease, and later flowering magnolias have given landscapers and gardeners important new choices.’
- ‘We have an American elm that has had, and perhaps is still suffering with, Dutch elm disease.’
- ‘Ergot, corn smut, Dutch elm disease, and ringworm are all diseases caused by parasitic fungi.’
- ‘We have a tradition of associating diseases (often wrongly) with foreign parts - Dutch elm disease, German measles, Spanish flu.’
- ‘While we revere and champion the protection of these trees, we know that - as with the former national champion American elm, which recently died from Dutch elm disease - their time at the top is tenuous.’
- ‘The outlook is just as dire on the West Coast, where the frightening sudden oak death is knocking off a host of species and raising the specter of Dutch elm disease - which robbed this country of its lovely American elm - on a much larger scale.’
- ‘No tree was more beloved for city streets and backyards than the American elm, which fell victim to Dutch elm disease and all but vanished from the urban landscape.’
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