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[mass noun] A green to brownish coarse-grained igneous rock consisting largely of olivine.
- ‘Its lower part displays alternating bands of peridotite, pyroxenite, and dunite, but dunite is dominant throughout most (and especially the upper part) of the unit.’
- ‘The lowermost rocks are serpentinized dunite and harzburgite, which are best exposed in the NE of the ophiolite.’
- ‘It comprises massive websterites and clinopyroxenites, usually interlayered with relatively subordinate dunite.’
- ‘In the field, the boundary between crustal units and mantle units is marked by a zone of sheared serpentinite, which overlies more massive largely serpentinized, harzburgite and dunite.’
- ‘Stratigraphically from bottom to top it is composed of sheared serpentinite on the basal thrust, layered harzburgitedunite, layered dunite with chromitite, and harzburgite with finegrained gabbro.’
Mid 19th century: from the name of Dun Mountain, New Zealand, + -ite.
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