Definition of dulcimer in English:

dulcimer

noun

  • A musical instrument with a sounding board or box, typically trapezoid in shape, over which strings of graduated length are stretched, played by plucking or especially by being struck with handheld hammers. The term hammered dulcimer is sometimes used, especially in the US, to distinguish these from plucked instruments such as the Appalachian dulcimer.

    • ‘It was vaguely shaped like a long dulcimer, with at least a dozen strings.’
    • ‘Violins and clarinets were used in instrumental combinations in all areas, with the bagpipe (ubiquitous since the Middle Ages) prevalent in Bohemia, and the double bass and dulcimer in Moravia.’
    • ‘I decked him with my dulcimer - 90 strings, right in the chopper.’
    • ‘Instrumentation is sparse, pairing summer's day-on-the-stoop acoustic strums with a instrumental grab bag including banjos, dulcimers, ocarinas, hand drums, and shaken percussion.’
    • ‘These Central Asian performers and singers play plucked and bowed lutes, dulcimers and drums.’
    • ‘Much of it has a suspended quality, of time stretched out, elongated, with overlapping waves of strummings that variously suggest guitars, harps, bells, and dulcimers constellating about a central drone.’
    • ‘Between them, the three also play violin, cello and dulcimer.’
    • ‘Very early on, I was attracted to the sounds of stringed instruments like the dulcimer and mandolin, which were commonly played in that part of the country.’
    • ‘The dulcimer's bridge end has a brighter tone, so I turned the pattern control a bit toward omni, which resulted in a nice, wide cardioid that wasn't entirely focused on the center of the instrument.’
    • ‘Silk zither and dulcimer with strings are the most common traditional musical instruments.’
    • ‘Using anything from toy piano, guitars and dulcimer to synthesisers and Stylophone, the pair continuously change the aspect of their music while keeping with the overall theme.’
    • ‘At their most lighthearted, the duo's bouncy ditties are anchored by sumptuous harmonies and effervescent acoustic guitar, mandolin and dulcimer.’
    • ‘She plays hammer dulcimer and marimba, all kinds of instruments and she does play with some percussion groups at the university.’
    • ‘King Nebuchadnezzar commanded everyone that at the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, psaltery, dulcimer and all kinds of music they should fall down and worship the golden image.’
    • ‘With six musicians playing the erhu, pipa, Chinese flute, zither, moon guitar and trapeziform dulcimer, they call the music that they play sizhu - the traditional word for musical instruments.’
    • ‘Others such as psalteries or dulcimers (O.E. sealm-glig) may have been in use, although there is only some evidence for these prior to the Norman Conquest.’
    • ‘Viols and lutes sounded in the background, laughing dulcimers wove in and out between the harp notes, bassoons and oboes crooned to violins and the deep, sweet voice of cellos, and he knew it couldn't happen even as it did.’
    • ‘Dimotika are traditional rural folk songs often accompanied by a clarinet, lute, violin dulcimer, and drum.’
    • ‘Favoured instruments include the hurdy-gurdy, dulcimer, recorders, zither, guitars and drums.’
    • ‘Perfectly balanced with the unique voice are lovely, rising, symphonic chord sequences played on synthesisers and piano, as well as delicate samplings of dulcimer, bodhran, harmonium and cello.’

Origin

Late 15th century: from Old French doulcemer, probably from Latin dulce melos ‘sweet melody’.

Pronunciation

dulcimer

/ˈdʌlsɪmə/