Definition of due in English:



  • 1[predicative] Expected at or planned for at a certain time:

    ‘the baby's due in August’
    ‘he is due back soon’
    [with infinitive] ‘talks are due to adjourn tomorrow’
    • ‘A second novel, Having A Lovely Time, is due out soon.’
    • ‘Instinct suggests the downturn is due relatively soon.’
    • ‘Then we went back to Aunt Linda's house since Uncle Jack was due home soon.’
    • ‘This was the deciding point, as the bell for end of lunch was soon due.’
    • ‘She had reportedly told her husband Kevin that she was expecting a child, due December 12.’
    • ‘Also next year the European elections are due with both polls expected to go ahead on the same day, June 10.’
    • ‘Karen's train was due in soon after 2, so I made my way back to the station, having to squeeze through a thick colonnade of cyclists in order to do so.’
    • ‘An announcement of a picket is due soon after.’
    • ‘The broadcaster is due up in court tomorrow on a drink-driving charge.’
    • ‘Sky Hawks say the next generation of their cases is due out soon and I'll definitely be keeping an interested eye on those.’
    • ‘The figures for last year, due soon, are expected to show a further increase.’
    • ‘My brother Luca is due home soon, although I must warn you, it's very possible he won't be alone.’
    • ‘A major collection of new poems, Notes of a Blissful Ghost, translated by Brian Holton, is due soon from the Chinese University of Hong Kong Press.’
    • ‘Her second book is due out soon.’
    • ‘More official tests are due from police labs soon.’
    • ‘He added this is a particularly dangerous time of year because the sardines have passed by and sharks following the moving food chain are due here soon.’
    • ‘His playing gear was still in our room so I knew he hadn't gone to the court yet, despite him being due there soon.’
    • ‘However, it's understood that a second email is due out soon, although there is no indication of what it might say or what new insults it might contain for all those who have dare speak up.’
    • ‘A special executive meeting of the union, due tomorrow, is now expected to sanction strike action.’
    • ‘The Earl and Countess of Wessex are also expected today and tomorrow, while the Princess Royal is due at York Racecourse on Thursday and Friday.’
    expected, required, awaited, anticipated, scheduled for
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    1. 1.1 (of a payment) required at a certain time:
      ‘the May instalment was due’
      • ‘New technology installed in more than 100,000 vehicles offers drivers a friendly reminder when the car payments are due.’
      • ‘The Christmas credit card bills are in and by now payment is due.’
      • ‘He glared at the bartender with eyes that could make a heart stop and said ‘You're payment is due.’’
      • ‘Coupon payments are due on January 1 and July 1 each year until maturity on January 1, 2019.’
      • ‘Yet what happened the day the payment was due was anything but normal.’
      • ‘Extortion may particularly go along with insecurity concerning when the next payment is due.’
      • ‘Sudthana said she does not want to pay the yearly fee of 700 baht a card, some of which is due soon.’
      • ‘The last payment was due when they arrived at their final destination.’
      • ‘Final payments are now due on the parish pilgrimage to Lourdes, taking place from August 13 to August 18.’
      • ‘Lee testified that this meant that payment was due when each of these items was supplied and installed, but I disagree.’
      • ‘On the day he left, he discovered Lynne was pregnant with their first child, his mortgage payment was due, and he had just $700 in the bank.’
      • ‘Then, a month before his first payment was due, he sold the network back to NBC for $230 million.’
      • ‘Please note the balance of payments are now due.’
      • ‘Closer to your departure date the balance of your payment is due.’
      • ‘Please note final payment is due before Thursday, August 15.’
      • ‘Unlike Lucent's debt, Revlon's $1.59 billion in debt is due relatively soon.’
      • ‘A reminder to all the ladies travelling to Westport in September that the balance of payment is due on or before the last week in July.’
      • ‘Now the choice can be made after the bonus amount is known, provided the agreement has been set up before the payment is due.’
      • ‘Don't forget that club membership fees for the 2004 season are due soon.’
      • ‘What prevents the taxi driver from pretending that payment is still due, pointing to the amount displayed by the meter?’
      owing, owed, to be paid, payable, payable now, payable immediately, receivable immediately
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    2. 1.2 (of a person) having reached a point where the thing mentioned is required or owed:
      ‘she was due for a rise’
      • ‘We thought he was surely due for retirement even two years ago, but he's shown today that there's certainly life in those old legs yet.’
      • ‘However, he could not be fired because he was due for retirement.’
      • ‘I'm due for a new set and am always interested in what other folks use.’
      • ‘Originally, I was not due for parole until 2028.’
      • ‘I'm not due for my next ultrasound for almost another two weeks.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, Keane also claimed he was not due for an operation, despite rumours of a problem with either his knee or hip.’
      • ‘Court advocates when someone is due for trial who has been responsible for having a significantly negative impact on a community's quality of life, members of that community attend court.’
      • ‘I'm due for a break this month for about two weeks and man, do I need it.’
      • ‘Gerry is due for release in the UK later this year.’
      • ‘When he left school, he was due for National Service in 6 months, so it was difficult to get a job, so he took the position as a hotel bellboy.’
      • ‘He was due for a break and this could be a big story, or at least an emotional one, which was the same thing in the eyes of most modern journalists.’
      • ‘It is also a matter of serious concern that over half of all science teachers are due for retirement within the next five years.’
      • ‘He was due for release and is probably out now; she hopes so.’
      • ‘Put them in a shopping bag and let your folks know you're due for trip to your friendly neighborhood dry cleaner.’
      • ‘I'm due for a visit back to the wine discount center.’
      • ‘The next encounter I had with the razor came about two weeks later, when I went back to the bathroom mirror to inspect my chin and see if I was due for a shave.’
      • ‘I wondered what was up as I knew that he was not due for an injection today.’
      • ‘He was due for a third visit in 2003 but was too weak to travel.’
      • ‘He was due for an appointment with the police on Tuesday at 9pm but cancelled it at 6.35 pm and warned he would take his own life.’
      • ‘He was due for retirement last February after 20 years of service.’
    3. 1.3 (of a thing) required or owed as a legal or moral obligation:
      ‘he was only taking back what was due to him’
      ‘you must pay any income tax due’
      • ‘They may be content to register a charge for the tax due on the widow's home and pick up the proceeds after she dies.’
      • ‘Players who have lent money are entitled to add the amounts still due plus unpaid interest.’
      • ‘This is the case, even though it was not due and payable until after the assignment.’
      • ‘This will be due tomorrow, I expect your best work.’
      • ‘He has prevaricated over the payment of sums acknowledged to be due, though the sum currently due and payable by way of costs is not alleged to be large.’
      • ‘Workers cannot secure the liability of wages or holiday pay earned, or, indeed, of redundancy compensation that is due and payable.’
      • ‘However, a final decision on the plan which was due before Christmas, is now not expected until the end of this month at the earliest.’
      • ‘He said he is reviewing legal options to avoid paying the fine, due in 30 days.’
      • ‘When the company went under, Beggs told the receiver that €3.7 million was due in outstanding debts.’
      • ‘This mortgage was to become due and payable 60 days after the termination of a lease granted to the Mother.’
      • ‘It also meant that interest on the amount assessed to be due became payable from the date of the judge's judgment.’
      deserved by, merited by, earned by, warranted by
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  • 2[attributive] Of the proper quality or extent:

    ‘driving without due care and attention’
    • ‘He was cleared of driving without due care or attention.’
    • ‘Accidents can be avoided if due care and attention is taken.’
    • ‘I also feel that the clean air standard could have been given due and proper consideration.’
    • ‘‘The important thing is that the submissions from both bidders are given proper and due consideration,’ he told the House.’
    • ‘But pressing without due care and attention can give away chances and, as Currie looked certain to score again, the course of the game changed direction alarmingly.’
    • ‘All are rendered with due care and attention to detail.’
    • ‘Mr Brennan said accidents could be avoided if due care and attention was taken and he urged all involved in farm work to do so.’
    • ‘I have to wonder whether my critics have truly read it with due care and attention.’
    • ‘A 16 year old from Kempston has been arrested and charged with death by failure of due care and attention and being under the influence of alcohol.’
    • ‘A Pennine Division officer was found guilty at court of driving without due care and attention, failing to stop and failing to report a road traffic accident.’
    • ‘Any business that treats its customers without due care and consideration is not fulfilling its most important role.’
    • ‘Anyway, I want to assure the public, that since the prime minister has placed me in this new ministry, the police will be given due care and attention.’
    • ‘That emotional storyline is hurled about without due care and attention.’
    • ‘If the police think you are cycling without due care and attention, they can already stop you and book you.’
    • ‘This week he admitted driving without due care and attention, and was fined £483 with nine points on his licence.’
    • ‘I smoke with due care and consideration for other people.’
    • ‘If you use a mobile phone and you crash your car (or drive without due care and attention) you are likely to be prosecuted.’
    • ‘The magistrates heard that he had failed to provide a specimen and had driven without due care and attention at Canvey Island.’
    • ‘He was jailed for five years for causing death by driving without due care and attention, perverting the course of justice and driving while disqualified.’
    • ‘Our message to dog owners is that they must take due and proper care of their pets and of Manchester's environment.’
    proper, right and proper, correct, rightful, fitting, suitable, appropriate, apt, adequate, sufficient, enough, ample, satisfactory, requisite
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  • 1one's due/duesOne's right; what is owed to one:

    ‘he thought it was his due’
    • ‘Nor do they wish to pay a penny less than the whole amount of tax due from them to the Government.’
    • ‘But he knew that this was something he could not automatically expect as his due.’
    • ‘As one might expect with due deference to his age his recollection was not always absolutely accurate on the detail of each joint financial transaction over the last decade.’
    • ‘Some say the public gets its due with the program itself.’
    • ‘Sledge gives the common soldier his just due in eloquent prose that explores the emotions and trauma associated with a brutal war and its consequences.’
    • ‘The poor come into the field and take their due from the owners - by right!’
    • ‘Rathbone argued that motherhood was socially valuable and thus compensable, entitled to the respect due such an important profession.’
    rightful treatment, fair treatment, deserved fate, just punishment
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  • 2duesAn obligatory payment; a fee:

    ‘he had paid trade union dues for years’
    • ‘They paid for the first party and solicited dues from the attendees who wanted to see more of the same.’
    • ‘They also collected an extraordinary amount of customary dues from the peasantry.’
    • ‘It is time once again for the payment of dues for the Annual Silver Circle draw.’
    • ‘Nor can any be compelled to pay even a dime of dues or fees for political activities with which he or she disagrees.’
    • ‘For the $40 annual dues, members have access to over $700 of deals and discounts.’
    • ‘The state would compensate the landlord for his lost dues or services to the tune of four-fifths of the capital value of the allotments he was ceding.’
    • ‘Other expenses that qualify include union dues and tax preparation fees.’
    • ‘If dues or registration fees are paid in advance, the recognition of the revenues is deferred.’
    • ‘It was conceded that membership required no payment of dues nor any other participation in the affairs of the organization.’
    • ‘His failure to keep proper records makes it very difficult for him to disprove the inspector's assessment of tax dues.’
    • ‘These included the payment of salary arrears, the payment of dues of retired employees and outstanding promotions.’
    • ‘It had once been the case that a worker who did not wish to join a union or pay its dues refrained from joining and was not obligated to pay dues.’
    • ‘Members also pay monthly dues on top of fees to participate in any activities.’
    • ‘The membership dues are the major factor in keeping NACTA financially viable.’
    • ‘The majority of serfs worked on the land, and after rendering their dues could dispose of any surplus as they wished.’
    • ‘The principal medium for the payment of these dues was the denarius or silver penny.’
    • ‘Clubs can elect to charge members a fee to use the kiosk or they can incorporate the cost into the joining fees and monthly dues.’
    • ‘Others say he is driven by the percentage of dues he can reap from large salary increases.’
    • ‘No ship could be unloaded without the permission of a Hong merchant, who was then held responsible for the payment of all tariffs and harbour dues.’
    • ‘Taxes, ransoms or customs dues were sometimes paid in spices and in France it was once what litigants paid to the judge.’
    fee, membership fee, subscription, charge, toll, levy
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  • (with reference to a point of the compass) exactly; directly:

    ‘we'll head due south again on the same road’
    • ‘Paul, my little ceramic penguin in the study always faces due south.’
    • ‘A few more yards due south of that, hard by the western approach to the Limehouse Link, there's a little park, perhaps an ex-churchyard to go with the ex-rectory.’
    • ‘Then the car turns around and travels 40 meters due south in 5.0 seconds.’
    • ‘Boy, the end of the desert is another two days due south.’
    • ‘UC Davis is next to Sacramento, which was eight hours due south of where we were and just as far from Denver as Eugene.’
    • ‘If one leaves the town by the South Gate, walks 14 paces due south, then walks due west for 1775 paces, the tree will just come into view.’
    • ‘The house is set into the hillside and faces due south.’
    • ‘Its destination was Christmas Island, an Australian territorial outpost, about 300 nautical miles due south of Sumatra.’
    directly, straight, exactly, precisely, without deviating, undeviatingly, dead, plumb, squarely
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Due to in the sense ‘because of’, as in he had to retire due to an injury, has been condemned as incorrect on the grounds that due is an adjective and should not be used as a preposition; owing to is often recommended as a better alternative. However, the prepositional use, first recorded at the end of the 19th century, is now common in all types of literature and is regarded as part of standard English


  • due to

    • 1Caused by or ascribable to:

      ‘his death was not due to any lack of care’
      • ‘It refers to a blue tinge seen on the surface of the whole or part of the body, due to lack of oxygen in the blood.’
      • ‘The delay was due to a lack of scaffolding.’
      • ‘She also found signs of hypoxic damage to nerve cells due to lack of oxygen before death.’
      • ‘This increase and subsequent decrease are likely due, in part, to changes in freedoms and responsibilities.’
      • ‘We stepped in when news broke that the fair was under threat due to lack of sponsorship.’
      • ‘Louis went to great pains to prove by an autopsy that the death was due to natural causes.’
      • ‘It too was cancelled, this time on the previous day, due to the lack of a full panel.’
      • ‘This could be due to apathy on the part of locals or lack of knowledge that they exist.’
      • ‘As it is, their jokes fall flat and it is not due to any lack of talent by the artists involved.’
      • ‘We have had some pretty stupid rows due to the lack of sleep and worry as to what is it that keeps waking him.’
    • 2Because of; owing to:

      ‘he had to withdraw due to a knee injury’
      • ‘This year they have had the added trauma of a long wait in the estuary due to a serious lack of water.’
      • ‘Shels' supporters have traditionally been drawn from all over Dublin, due mainly to the club's nomadic history.’
      • ‘It has suffered in recent years due to a lack of grazing animals and land being underused.’
      • ‘A small amount of hiss and distortion shows up from time to time, though this is to be expected due in part to the film's budget.’
      • ‘An employee at the company says staff morale is low due to the lack of job certainty in the future.’
      • ‘Penner said that it would be difficult to expand the college beyond these future plans, due mainly to site restrictions.’
      • ‘That year the group had been unable to put on a play with just seven actors due to lack of people.’
      • ‘The central bank has noted that overall inflation has been higher than expected, due mainly to a jump in gasoline prices.’
      • ‘Population growth in this country is exploding, due in large part to immigration, legal and illegal.’
      • ‘Yet aikido has a tremendous universality and appeal due not only to the power and grace of its movements, but also to its emphasis on the moral responsibility of the user of its techniques.’
      attributable to, caused by, ascribed to, ascribable to, assignable to, because of, put down to
      because of, owing to, on account of, as a consequence of, as a result of, thanks to, by reason of, on grounds of, in view of
      View synonyms
  • give someone their due

    • Be fair to someone:

      ‘give the man his due—he's a vegetarian and he generates his own electricity with wind towers’
      • ‘Yet, with the onset of commercialisation in the field, practitioners of traditional medicine feel that they have not been given their due.’
      • ‘To give them their due, this government makes big claims about the environment.’
      • ‘To give them their due, he had heard very little by way of complaint from either one, and he had been more than happy to give them their freedom tonight.’
      • ‘To give them their due, Busted's chart career was small, but perfectly formed, with eight hits in two years, every one of which made the Top 3.’
      • ‘To give them their due, most are apologetic about it.’
      • ‘The paying jobs have shouldered their way to the head of the queue, and I'd best give them their due.’
      • ‘This work certainly gives them their due, providing much new and enlightening information in the process.’
      • ‘Scientists have been working hard on this crucial problem, so we should give them their due.’
      • ‘I can't say that I was cheering Liverpool on, but let's give them their due.’
      • ‘It's very easy to imagine that lyrics have lost their power or that people aren't giving them their due, but that's certainly not the case.’
  • in due course

    • At the appropriate time:

      ‘the range will be extended in due course’
      • ‘We realise he was not the owner and everything was cleared in due course.’
      • ‘The engineers said they would consider this and will come back with a response in due course.’
      • ‘The annual school tour plans are well underway and parents will be notified in due course.’
      • ‘I'm sure it will be repeated in due course, and if you didn't see it, I would recommend that you do.’
      • ‘The subject appears to be a political exercise that will die its natural death in due course.’
      • ‘A decision on the matter will be made in accordance with the regulations in due course.’
      • ‘I shall hear counsel on the appropriate form of order to be made in due course.’
      • ‘It is only an experiment, and obviously it will be evaluated in due course.’
      • ‘I will write more in due course about the project and post some pictures, which I can't wait to do.’
      • ‘Numerous other events are being planned and these will be published in due course.’
      at the appropriate time, when the time is ripe, in time, in due time, in the fullness of time, in the course of time, at a later time, at a later date, at length, at a future date, at a future time, at some point in the future, in the future, in time to come, as time goes by, as time goes on, by and by, one day, some day, sooner or later, in a while, after a bit, eventually
      View synonyms
  • pay one's dues

    • 1Fulfil one's obligations:

      ‘if she was the caring person she makes herself out to be she would insist on paying her dues’
      • ‘For many, today's vote was about what has to happen from now on, rather than paying their dues to factional alliances.’
      • ‘They do not pay their dues to society and take money away from local businesses.’
      • ‘The choir's history can quietly boast the development of soul stars like Carleen Anderson and Sam Moore, both of whom return to this album to pay their dues.’
      • ‘We are taught that if we work hard and pay our dues, we will be rewarded in riches and love from family and friends.’
      • ‘He pays his dues to the sport but without romance.’
      • ‘They will stand up for the silent, law-abiding majority who play by the rules and pay their dues.’
      • ‘I'd love to say we do it to pay our dues or because we love literature or even for posterity, but the truth is we review books because we're addicts.’
      1. 1.1Experience difficulties before achieving success:
        ‘this drummer has paid his dues with the best’
        • ‘And yet even today, after a decade of paying his dues, there are still afternoons when the crowd at Highpoint West refuses to buy even a single piece of the non-stick cookware he demonstrates.’
        • ‘I have acquired some business and leadership experience; now I plan to pay my dues to acquire the practical experience and relationships to become a well-rounded school leader.’
        • ‘After paying his dues, Sanchez finally got his hands on the gear he needed to duplicate the sounds he was hearing in his head.’
        • ‘From my experience, you have to pay your dues in this game, you have to lose many times in order to be a good winner.’
        • ‘I have paid my dues, produced many successful students and defined my policies so that I am respected and established.’
        • ‘He's paid his dues, he's experienced, he knows what it entails, he knows the personnel of this team.’
        • ‘Like every other success story, Mike has paid his dues.’
        • ‘Their reward is a job well done, but age and experience definitely count; you must pay your dues as you progress up the ladder of success.’
        • ‘There's always a maturing process with bands: a period to pay their dues while they find their sound, solidify their act and just generally figure out what kind of band they're actually in.’
        • ‘You train just as long and you have to pay your dues just like in any other sport, ‘he states.’’


Middle English (in the sense payable): from Old French deu owed, based on Latin debitus owed, from debere owe.