Definition of draft in English:

draft

noun

  • 1A preliminary version of a piece of writing:

    ‘the first draft of the party's manifesto’
    [as modifier] ‘a draft document’
    • ‘Since a job description for this office could not be found, I generated a preliminary draft of such a document.’
    • ‘Maybe later today I'll post my edited version of the draft.’
    • ‘On yet another occasion, Laurel did all the writing of an initial draft, utilizing feedback and editing from Amy and Kate.’
    • ‘It was announced that last week's paper was only a preliminary draft.’
    • ‘At most he's guilty of modestly sloppy wording in the first draft of his initial piece about the memo a week ago, a mistake that he quickly corrected.’
    • ‘Art Business News has obtained a preliminary draft of the report.’
    • ‘The study was still undergoing substantive editing in order to incorporate the suggestions of the lawyers and public policy analysts who reviewed its preliminary drafts.’
    • ‘The Commission also has the budgetary initiative, and therefore originates the preliminary draft budget which is put before the Council.’
    • ‘WR participated in data collection and interpretation and in writing of the first draft.’
    • ‘The committee readily accepted the plan, and the education specialist began to work on the preliminary draft of the program.’
    • ‘It is hoped that each will complete a preliminary draft of a new play by July 2005, with a view to five new works being created for possible production over the next few years.’
    • ‘Deep inside, I knew that Holmes's threat had expedited the writing of my first draft of this story.’
    • ‘Until then, I'm just going to push myself like a madman to finish the first draft of this new piece before I leave to go home next Thursday.’
    • ‘In response to my early drafts of this article, the following analogy was proposed.’
    • ‘The first draft of the documents was unveiled last September, following an extensive consultation process.’
    • ‘New Zealand Post had a preliminary draft of that report.’
    • ‘There was much writing to be had, resulting in a first draft of my book.’
    • ‘The writing of the first draft has been argued by recent scholars without reference to Barrett's testimony.’
    • ‘Both texts are drafts of final versions and would almost certainly have been burned when no longer needed.’
    • ‘It is to be supplied with a summary of the case and the preliminary draft decision, on which it delivers an opinion.’
    1. 1.1 A plan, sketch, or rough drawing:
      ‘a manuscript draft representing the explorer's latest findings’
      • ‘He soon had a rough draft of a manuscript about how an antibody might be formed and the physical-chemical basis of its specific reaction with antigen.’
      • ‘When a plainer style is an option, or when it may be necessary to shorten the rough draft of an essay or an assignment, it is almost always possible to find short substitutes for long phrases.’
      • ‘This was originally allocated for housing in the first draft of the Local Plan.’
      • ‘I don't write and re-write. I don't do a rough draft or an outline before I post.’
      • ‘This is the last installment of the rough draft.’
      • ‘When I am drawing, I use pencils for rough drafts and pens for final copies since it makes my drawings look more professional.’
      • ‘I sent Coach a few rough drafts of columns, but his suggestions didn't seem that strong.’
      • ‘You could revise and refine your photo as if it were a rough draft of a story.’
      • ‘This working draft can be compared to a rough draft of a manuscript, essentially containing all of the information needed but still requiring some hard polishing before completion.’
      • ‘It's the result of many rough drafts and sketches, as well as six months of labour.’
      • ‘Some manuscripts include rough and final drafts, and galley and page proofs.’
      • ‘Quick outlines and fast rough drafts save time and editing trauma.’
      • ‘The consultations next week will give farmers an opportunity to provide input into the final draft of the plan so it better accommodates their needs.’
      • ‘However, the Councillors agreed to look at regulating the size of apartments in its upcoming development plan, a draft of which is expected to be published in a few weeks.’
      • ‘A council spokesman said the creation of the plan would broadly follow the same route as the first, except that the draft of that plan had never been submitted to the Government.’
      • ‘This is a rough draft, which means that I already know I didn't nail it, so please don't hold back if you think something's wrong!’
      • ‘A first draft of the plan is out today outlining how to ration scarce medications and speed vaccine production in the event of a worldwide flu outbreak.’
      • ‘My current plan is to do rough drafts until November 1st.’
      • ‘He drew the final version of the winning poster with a combination of jiffy marker pens and acrylic paints, after working on rough drafts in pencil.’
      • ‘You never know exactly what's going on during a battle, so you have to learn to make snap decisions and adapt to the initial rough draft of the plan.’
      preliminary version, rough sketch, outline, plan, blueprint, skeleton, abstract
      plan, blueprint, design, artist's impression, diagram, drawing, scale drawing, outline, sketch, pattern, map, layout, representation
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2Computing [mass noun] A mode of operation of a printer in which text is produced rapidly but with relatively low definition.
      • ‘It isn't as good on plain paper though, with no happy medium between printing in the detailed finer modes and the speedier, but rougher, draft modes.’
  • 2A written order to pay a specified sum.

    • ‘Hibernian was granted an injunction last Wednesday, continuing a restraining order against the cashing of bank drafts at the centre of the fraud.’
    • ‘My instructing solicitor has written out that further order as indicated by your Honour, so the draft order I am handing up is with the original conditions in it.’
    • ‘Pound cheques and cheques or drafts drawn in other eurozone currencies should be lodged or cashed before February 9th.’
    • ‘The reason for this is that bankers' drafts are made payable to the payee's order, which means that transfer can be effected only by means of the payee's genuine indorsement.’
    • ‘In the end he persuaded them to pay £40,000 in a banker's draft.’
    • ‘How could Dunlop walk into the AIB with cheques or drafts made out for large sums of money to a company of which he was not a director or shareholder or officer, and walk out again having converted them to cash?’
    • ‘Cheques and drafts are used internationally, but not extensively.’
    • ‘Kader Khan realises his mistake - and immediately gives a draft for the bounced cheque!’
    • ‘You may send in your contributions in the form of cheque or draft or money orders directly addressed to.’
    • ‘The branches paid out their own notes and drafts when discounting, but they accepted local bank notes as payment.’
    • ‘The U-First account has no bank fees for transactions, such as cheques and drafts, and pays interest for accounts in credit, said Mr Wilson.’
    • ‘The signed agreements will remain held in escrow until Neil receives the banker's draft.’
    cheque, order, banker's order, money order, bill of exchange, postal order
    View synonyms
  • 3US the draftCompulsory recruitment for military service:

    ‘25 million men were subject to the draft’
    • ‘In the mid-1970s the U.S. abandoned the draft and recruited an all-volunteer professional military.’
    • ‘Furthermore, even volunteer recruits, many entering because of the draft, received the same low salaries as draftees.’
    • ‘The big step away from this model was the end of the draft.’
    • ‘The mass media also tends to take seriously proposals to revive the draft.’
    • ‘There were plenty of opportunities to a deferment from the draft and avoid service.’
    • ‘They offered various reasons why the draft should be opposed.’
    • ‘As it was, the draft was like a tax unfairly levied.’
    • ‘Another possibility would be to combine the draft with some sort of nonmilitary national service.’
    • ‘In order to increase citizen service, we should not re-establish the draft.’
    • ‘Talk of reviving the military draft, to supply enough troops for the war on terror, is just that, talk.’
    • ‘Today's volunteer Army is engaged at a pace unseen since the end of the draft 30 years ago, and worldwide commitments magnify the stress on the force.’
    • ‘Faced with the biggest recruitment shortfall since the draft was abolished in 1973, the Army has come up with what it thinks is a good idea.’
    • ‘In 1980, a system of compulsory registration for the draft was instituted.’
    • ‘Second, if you had bothered to learn about the issue you would have found that no one opposes the draft more than the military.’
    • ‘In March, the department announced that Japanese-Americans would no longer be eligible for the draft.’
    • ‘He is asking them to register with the U.S. selective service in case the military draft ever returns.’
    • ‘At least if the draft were revived a big portion of the drinkers would be in other parts of the world.’
    • ‘The Army made the volunteer Army work after the draft ended 30 years ago and also convinced its soldiers that they could lead almost normal lives.’
    • ‘I think the draft, like military fighting itself, has to change with the times.’
    • ‘It is possible the US could again institute its military draft in order to recruit the numbers of troops required to cover all its commitments.’
    1. 3.1North American A procedure whereby sports players are made available for selection or reselection by the teams in a league, usually with the earlier choices being given to the weaker teams:
      ‘the White Sox chose him in the 13th round of the 1990 draft’
      • ‘Finding defensive backs and defensive ends most likely will be the team's priority in the free-agent market and the draft.’
      • ‘If scouts had known a year ago what they know now, he would have been one of the top three players taken in the draft.’
      • ‘That seems strange because the team will bring in close to 40 players before the draft.’
      • ‘In the final two days before the draft, teams begin contacting players they feel won't be selected.’
      • ‘Much of the fun and palpitations of Rotisserie League play occurs at the draft of players at the start of the season.’
      • ‘They added several solid players through the draft, some of whom should make the team and provide depth.’
      • ‘It doesn't have to be a top 10 pick in the draft, but the player must have one-cut ability.’
      • ‘Of all the offensive players entering the draft, Rogers is the best athlete.’
      • ‘The Hawks are stuck in a rut of being bad enough to miss the play-offs but not bad enough to end up with a franchise player in the draft.’
      • ‘Similarly, Blake clings to the notion that no player should enter the draft unless he is a four-year college senior.’
      • ‘Offering half the asking price is insulting and a poor way to handle the negotiations for the most talented and major-league ready player in the draft.’
      • ‘A player becomes eligible for the draft when his team fails to protect him on its 40-man roster.’
      • ‘Some linebackers are available in the draft, but they must be unusually speedy to play in this system.’
      • ‘The Wolverines star might be the most talented offensive player in the draft.’
      • ‘This year, in fact, three of the first four players taken in the draft were preps.’
      • ‘If a player is available early in the draft or in free agency, the team must make a move and cut Brown loose.’
      • ‘The combine rankings give fans insight into who may be among the top players in the draft, but that's about it.’
      • ‘What do you think of this assessment, and how do you think the depth of this draft compares to others from recent years?’
      • ‘One insider who follows the process closely says 2004 might be a record year for prep players entering the draft.’
      • ‘Rasmus signed for a million dollars quickly, and was one of my favorite players in the draft.’
      • ‘After the draft, most teams have filled those needs with young players.’
    2. 3.2rare A group or individual selected from a larger group for a special duty, e.g. for military service:
      ‘the draft and I were sent to the barracks near Folkestone’
  • 4

    US spelling of draught

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Prepare a preliminary version of (a document):

    ‘I drafted a letter of resignation’
    • ‘Those documents were generally drafted later and reflect social democratic ideas arising in the 19th century.’
    • ‘The Assembly has already set up a 55-member committee to draft the document.’
    • ‘The preliminary survey questionnaire was drafted on July 13, 1997.’
    • ‘I am drafting this document just after completing a commercial novel of about a half-million words, and I enjoyed every one of them.’
    • ‘The quotation documents were drafted using the quantities and units of measurement we estimated earlier.’
    • ‘Nor have they established that, even leaving it until the last minute, he could not have drafted these documents and prepared them prior to the expiry of the four month period.’
    • ‘Some states will respect the different laws of the state where the document was drafted.’
    • ‘I go there to prepare speeches, or draft articles and letters.’
    • ‘In the rest of Italy, both clerics and laymen drafted documents, without any precise distinction of function or activity.’
    • ‘Half a century ago, a document was drafted that's still highly topical: a Universal Declaration of Human Rights.’
    • ‘It is very difficult, I think, for those who draft the document at the end of the process to stand back and reread it with the eyes of the judges who will come to it completely afresh.’
    • ‘They were one of the earlier draft versions prepared by the Crown Prosecutor to assist the judge in putting the case before the jury in the summing up.’
    • ‘I attach hereto draft documents which I hope will form a satisfactory agreement in respect of services on the above Estate.’
    • ‘On the other, he was never officially involved in the council, never having been appointed to any of the commissions that did much of the work of drafting the eventual documents.’
    • ‘He does, however, warn against drafting the document oneself.’
    • ‘Administration officials tell CNN this 20-plus page document was actually drafted back in 2003.’
    • ‘Your legal department should be able to draft a document called a nondisclosure agreement, or an NDA.’
    • ‘If he is the person who drafted the documents, I am afraid he has a very poor understanding of legal matters.’
    • ‘The delay is widely blamed on the prosecutors in his case, who have so far only prepared draft versions of their reports into each group member.’
    • ‘Cine and the WHO are drafting a document that will serve as a guide for researchers and communities in health research projects.’
  • 2Select (a person or group of people) and bring them somewhere for a certain purpose:

    ‘riot police were drafted in to break up the blockade’
    • ‘A month later union leaders were drafted in following fears the firm's wood mill was facing imminent closure, with more finished products being shipped in from abroad.’
    • ‘The first rescue attempt was made by a team of firemen, but the current was too strong, so by 6pm a specialist civil defence team were drafted in.’
    • ‘Now she is quite happy to do the designing and planting, but when it comes to the heavy stuff I'm drafted in.’
    • ‘Hundreds of police officers were drafted in to monitor yesterday's march, which passed off peacefully with no arrests.’
    • ‘Extra police officers were drafted in to patrol a peace march after word of a rival, impromptu pro-war demonstration was circulated.’
    • ‘A team of Hampshire police officers was drafted in last night as a murder investigation was launched.’
    • ‘Extra staff were drafted in to cope with the demand.’
    • ‘I was drafted in from head office to ‘facilitate the streamlining of resources in middle management’.’
    • ‘Pupils who are able to turn up for lessons face disruption as stand-in teachers are drafted in to provide cover for staff members who are not able to start work.’
    • ‘Local people were drafted in as casual workers to clean up the contaminated factory.’
    • ‘Extra officers were drafted in from all over the county to cope with the gathering crowds.’
    • ‘Dozens of extra officers were also drafted in from across the force, and senior officers even flew to the US to meet members of the FBI to help with the investigation.’
    • ‘I was supposed to go onto university when the lead of a musical, that was due to be staged by my old drama teacher, dropped out and I was drafted in.’
    • ‘About 20 officers were drafted in - some from Bradford - to deal with the incident at 9.17 pm.’
    • ‘Extra officers were drafted in from other US cities.’
    • ‘She was given so many flowers that three policewomen were drafted in to help the Queen's lady-in-waiting to carry them.’
    • ‘More volunteers are drafted in just in time as the ferry spills out the first swell of festival-goers who immediately target our ticket office en-masse.’
    • ‘Taxi drivers were also drafted in to scour parts of Bolton.’
    • ‘Security measures had been dramatically stepped up at Heathrow airport with extra police officers being drafted in from surrounding areas and forces.’
    • ‘It suggests senior teachers took classes, staff were drafted in from other schools and disruptive children were being taken out of lessons.’
    1. 2.1US Conscript (someone) for military service:
      ‘he was drafted in 1938’
      • ‘However, the authorities had other ideas, and Chris was drafted into the Swedish Army for his National Service.’
      • ‘At this point, I'll also note that he was drafted for military service in the Vietnam War.’
      • ‘In Algeria, for example, men were drafted into service.’
      • ‘Unfortunately, two years later, he was drafted into the French military, and he lost his prime slot at the company.’
      • ‘However, in March 1916, he was drafted for military service to the Reserve Officers School near Sofia.’
      • ‘A state effort to enlist new voters calls on people to make a choice between being drafted for military service or registering to vote.’
      • ‘Worse, so many doctors, scientists, and lab technicians had been drafted into military service that civilian operations were hamstrung.’
      • ‘Up until 1994, Honduras drafted children into its military.’
      • ‘Unable to pay 20 gold napoleons for his stay, the poor man was thrown into debtor's prison before being drafted into service in the emperor's army.’
      • ‘The boys were about to be drafted into the military.’
      • ‘As a youth he had no intention of pursuing a military career, but he was drafted into the revolutionary army in 1793.’
      • ‘After two years there, he and other American Japanese male prisoners of the appropriate age were drafted for military service.’
      • ‘Accordingly, in March 1863, Congress passed the Conscription Act to draft men into military service.’
      • ‘He was drafted into the Royal Army Service Corps shortly after and saw action throughout the war, including the D Day landings.’
      • ‘The Russian Czar, Peter the Great, devised the system in which young men were drafted to serve in the military for prolonged terms.’
      • ‘Attending college allowed him to avoid being drafted into the military.’
      • ‘It's his homeworld and he says he lives in fear of being drafted back into their military yet again.’
      • ‘After graduating from high school, he was drafted into the Military Officer Training School.’
      • ‘After the main drummer from Machito's famous big band was drafted into the military, he was recruited to play drums and performed excellently.’
      • ‘An army serial number must be assigned and issued to an Army or Navy inductee by a relevant military draft office on the day when he is drafted into service.’
    2. 2.2North American Select (a player) for a sports team through the draft:
      ‘he was drafted by Winnipeg and traded the following spring’
      • ‘Picking the wrong agent can cost a player an opportunity to be drafted by some teams.’
      • ‘Look for the Chiefs to draft a developmental quarterback, perhaps even on the first day.’
      • ‘Such are the expectations of highly drafted quarterbacks in the NFL these days.’
      • ‘The Broncos will draft a quarterback but not in the first round.’
      • ‘The team might consider drafting a quarterback in the middle rounds for development purposes.’
      • ‘The situation puts even more pressure on the team to draft a player who can have an immediate impact.’
      • ‘The sole exception is if a younger player is drafted by an NBA team and later cut.’
      • ‘The team's four recently drafted rookies made positive first impressions in their summer league debuts.’
      • ‘Warner, meanwhile, must regain the confidence of his teammates… Don't be surprised if the team drafts a quarterback.’
      • ‘Is this the year the team drafts its future quarterback?’
      • ‘The second player they selected was drafted three years ago - with the 1,000th pick.’
      • ‘He is a good athlete with a strong arm, but might not he back next year if the team drafts a quarterback.’
      • ‘The Steelers also are likely to look at drafting another quarterback in 2004.’
      • ‘It hurts that most of these players were drafted by good teams and thus didn't get the opportunities to play that some of their peers did.’
      • ‘While it's impossible to know for sure before the player is drafted, the team can get a clear idea of how good he'll be almost as soon as he begins his NFL career.’
      • ‘I think drafting international players has proved to be successful for several NBA teams.’
      • ‘Even if the Broncos find a good free-agent backup, expect them to draft a quarterback.’
      • ‘The team has made strong statements about drafting a quarterback, but those comments are deceptive.’
      • ‘Every football player dreams about being drafted by an NFL team.’
      • ‘He doesn't seem willing to stay with the team as a transitional starter if it drafts a quarterback.’

adjective

Origin

Mid 16th century: phonetic spelling of draught.

Pronunciation:

draft

/drɑːft/