Definition of dose in English:

dose

noun

  • 1A quantity of a medicine or drug taken or recommended to be taken at a particular time:

    ‘he took a dose of cough mixture’
    • ‘Some doctors recommend a dose just before the immunization.’
    • ‘The bullet is designed to inject a small dose of some drug in the victim's body.’
    • ‘In 17 cases, lethal doses were administered.’
    • ‘When asthma control deteriorates, a common strategy is to double or quadruple the maintenance dose of inhaled steroids.’
    • ‘Patients receiving the highest average daily dose were at an increased fracture risk.’
    • ‘All the psychiatric participants were using therapeutic doses of neuroleptic medications as prescribed by their attending psychiatrist.’
    • ‘If you miss a dose of this medicine, and you remember it within 12 hours, take it as soon as you remember.’
    • ‘In some cases, doctors may recommend low doses of aspirin along with heparin.’
    • ‘Overall, patients took the recommended doses of inhaled medication on 20 to 73 % of days.’
    • ‘Taking a large single dose could cause severe respiratory depression or be fatal.’
    • ‘Then, all total opiate doses were converted to equivalent doses of morphine.’
    • ‘An early increase in the risk of fractures was associated with patients using the highest daily doses of oral corticosteroids.’
    • ‘The maximum recommended dose for patients greater than 60 kg is 100 mg three times daily.’
    • ‘After taking a dose of this medicine you may get a headache that lasts for a short time.’
    • ‘The maximum recommended daily dose is 50 mg.’
    • ‘Smokers with mild asthma may be best advised to go straight for high dose steroid inhalers.’
    • ‘Therefore, doctors are always trying to find a way to use as low a dose of these drugs as possible in order to minimize these side effects.’
    • ‘If your vertigo is caused by poor circulation, taking small doses of aspirin can help.’
    • ‘Therefore, booster doses of the vaccine are administered later to re-start protection.’
    • ‘Still, to be on the safe side, doctors usually prescribe the lowest effective dose of nasal corticosteroids.’
    amount, quantity, measure, portion, dosage, drench, draught
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 An amount of ionizing radiation received or absorbed at one time or over a specified period:
      ‘a dose of radiation exceeding safety limits’
      • ‘Other investigators have shown that reducing the irradiation light dose rate could significantly improve tumor response.’
      • ‘They blame her behavior on the high doses of radiation she received late last year.’
      • ‘In the scramble to recover the spilt heavy water, at least seven technicians received heavy doses of radiation and they were taken off duties involving radioactive materials.’
      • ‘The conscripts were only permitted to be on site for two weeks, during which they might absorb a lifetime dose of radiation.’
      • ‘The sites were arranged in column pairs receiving the same irradiation doses.’
      • ‘These two factors will influence the spectral dose of UV radiation received by covered biota.’
      • ‘The principle long-term effect of exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation is now considered to be the induction of cancer.’
      • ‘Perhaps most importantly, the findings from our study should be compared with doses of ionizing radiation.’
      • ‘Cultures were immediately irradiated with a UV dose of 27 J / m.’
      • ‘The therapy consists of delivering a single high dose of radiation directly to involved tumor sites during surgery.’
      • ‘One of them, a boy who is now 14 years old, received large doses of radiation to his brain when he was 4.’
      • ‘Irradiation exposes food to a dose of ionizing radiation to kill bacteria.’
      • ‘However, for simulating sunlight conditions we used lower UVB doses.’
      • ‘He has no memory of the terrible events that lie buried in his childhood - until he absorbs a massive dose of gamma rays and miraculously lives to tell the tale.’
      • ‘They would receive a much lower dose of radioactivity than those walking down the street near the explosion.’
      • ‘It can be totally dehydrated and can take huge doses of ionizing radiation in the dehydrated state.’
      • ‘Some had received large doses of densely ionizing radiation while processing plutonium.’
      • ‘Thus, clustered damages are presumably produced by low doses of ionizing radiation such as those to which human populations may be exposed.’
      • ‘A radiation therapy device malfunctioned, delivering lethal radiation doses at several medical facilities.’
      • ‘Thus hospital workers constitute the group most consistently exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation.’
    2. 1.2informal A venereal infection.
    3. 1.3informal A quantity of something unpleasant but necessary:
      ‘I wanted to give you a dose of the hell you put me through’
      • ‘It metes out necessary background in minor doses and towards the end things are actually starting to make more sense.’
      • ‘Each conversation is laden with emotional weight, which gives the movie a necessary dose of credibility.’
      • ‘He gives the corps a necessary dose of athleticism.’
      • ‘He is there to assist those of us who think we know how to golf, but who receive a dose of reality on the course.’
      • ‘And his response, of course, contained the requisite doses of hard-man menace necessary to maintain his image as an intimidator.’
      • ‘In recent times this has received a dose of European Community law.’
      • ‘But theists are not usually willing to say, in all contexts, that all the evil that occurs is a minute and necessary dose.’
      • ‘And they must also ask whether a large dose of social justice is not a necessary accompaniment to political freedoms.’
      • ‘For most people a dose of winter flu is unpleasant.’
      • ‘Perhaps this unpleasant dose of fiscal reality carries a political message - it may be time for the North's politicians to start running their own affairs.’
      • ‘They evoked the necessary concern and dose of reality that print simply could not.’
      • ‘He states that people suffering from low self-esteem can unconsciously drive their partner away, in hopes that they will receive a dose of reassurance.’
      • ‘Because I try to grow a high yield on a relatively small area (the raised beds), a good dose of compost is necessary.’
      • ‘Excuse me for being slightly cynical, but going to a film doesn't necessarily imply a dose of culture.’
      • ‘After more than a decade in which the balanced budget had assumed quasi-religious status, many were suddenly converted to the necessity of a major dose of deficit spending.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Administer a dose to (a person or animal):

    ‘he dosed himself with vitamins’
    • ‘You're saying that the day after you were dosed, twenty-seven hours later, the effects were totally gone?’
    • ‘Negative results were obtained after dosing mice orally on four consecutive days with 10% ethanol.’
    • ‘In addition, they had probably already thought of something, such as dosing her with a stimulant.’
    • ‘He was on antidepressants and very often he would dose up to make sure he slept.’
    • ‘A total of 27 patients were dosed according to the method.’
    • ‘It provides the clinician with the most information for dosing the patient in the future as opposed to the other methods.’
    • ‘My dad probably viewed it as a way of surreptitiously dosing us with cricket rules, and regrets it to this day.’
    • ‘He nursed me, dosing me with aspirin, sponging me off to keep the fever down.’
    • ‘Well, I guess it's time to dose up.’
    • ‘Male and female mice were dosed once orally.’
    • ‘Women were dosed one hour before anesthesia was administered.’
    • ‘It is stable for only 24 hours after mixing, so it cannot be saved for dosing multiple patients on different days.’
    • ‘Every day you are in excruciating pain and every day the doctors come along and dose you up to the eyeballs in morphine, so much so that you don't know what is going on around you.’
    • ‘A total of 22 patients were dosed according to the multiple point method.’
    • ‘Groups of six rats were dosed once daily.’
    • ‘Please do not dose the child on your own and always consult the doctor.’
    • ‘Then calves are dosed and moved to clean pasture such as silage aftergrass.’
    • ‘Clearly dosing people up with psychiatric drugs is inadequate, as is just telling them to ‘snap out of it’.’
    • ‘It is advisable to dose all cattle coming off their first season at grass with a drug that is effective against type II stomach worms.’
    • ‘Orthodox doctors dosed him up with more and more painkillers, without being able to sort out the underlying problem, he says.’
    1. 1.1 Adulterate or blend (a substance) with another substance:
      ‘the petrol is dosed with lead’
      • ‘Agency experts believe dosing the water with chemicals could reduce the smell.’
      • ‘I purchased a small bag of the things, liberally dosed with salt and vinegar.’
      • ‘Methods of delivery include drug-filled rubber bullets, aerosol sprays and dosing a people's food or water supplies.’
      • ‘You'd probably like it dosed with sugar, but I preferred not this time.’
      • ‘At the blending station, process and dilution water is dosed with pure lime.’
      • ‘Conventional crops - where the land had been heavily dosed with herbicide before planting - also suffered dramatic loss of wildlife.’
      • ‘Liquid test substances may be dosed directly or diluted prior to dosing.’
      • ‘Since the 1940s, most American municipal water supplies have been routinely dosed with fluoride in a grand attempt to ward off tooth decay.’
      • ‘An original child's rocker is also kept here, which has been in the family for over 150 years, and is dosed with creosote in an effort to preserve the wood.’
      • ‘By the time they were done placing concrete from the first truck, the other trucks had arrived and were dosed with the second nonchloride accelerator.’
      • ‘With open sand bioreactors dosed with septic tank effluent, odors should not be a problem.’
      • ‘The other herbs in the formula are adjusted and dosed according to signs and symptoms.’
      • ‘I made the mistake of dipping my pinkie into the sauce and trying it neat before dosing my food with it.’
      • ‘Some one went off in the motor to the nearest chemist's shop and returned presently with two large pieces of bread, liberally dosed with narcotic.’
      • ‘Later we found out that it had dosed their food with sleeping pills to stop them rioting.’
      • ‘Staple foods, such as bread or cereal, should be dosed with folic acid.’
      • ‘It doses the water with a chemical called orthophosphate which lines the pipes and limits the amount of lead dissolved into the water.’
      • ‘At times he will eat nothing but the fish (heavily dosed with lemon juice), and at other times the fish is left to sit forlornly on the plate, while he consumes every French fry within reach (including mine).’
      • ‘I would show up for meals (I dined there regularly, proffering red wine as my contribution), never knowing what part of the meal would be dosed with pot.’
      • ‘As part of the amber level action the water system was spot dosed with chemicals and subjected to increased water temperatures to kill off the bacteria.’

Phrases

  • in small doses

    • informal When experienced or engaged in a little at a time:

      ‘computer games are great in small doses’
      • ‘Something unpalatable may be acceptable in small doses, but not in a big dose.’
      • ‘I'm learning that paradise on earth exists in small doses - part of experiencing it is the ability to leave it behind and keep going in the faith that you have been there and that days like these come around if you let them.’
      • ‘Get to know the anti-social cutie in small doses.’
      • ‘I'll be leaving 2003 exactly as I entered it: enjoying the band in small doses, still uncertain as to whether they're a triumph of style over substance.’
      • ‘General readers should not be put off by these somewhat academically impenetrable study aims, for, absorbed in small doses, the general reader obtains a useful insight into the Japanese mind.’
      • ‘I'm used to being able to tolerate wheat in small doses.’
      • ‘And I can be almost tolerable, if you take me in small doses.’
      • ‘I believe it's slightly overrated but it's fun in small doses.’
      • ‘Even more than dance music (which he can just about tolerate in small doses and at low volumes, if pushed), this represents everything he hates.’
      • ‘The fourth album is like an incredibly rich chocolate cake - utterly indulgent, strikingly intense in small doses, quickly sating the appetite.’
  • like a dose of salts

    • informal Very fast and efficiently:

      ‘we'll go through this place like a dose of salts and scrub it from top to bottom’
      • ‘He went through it like a dose of salts.’
      • ‘It has passed through Edinburgh like a dose of salts.’
      • ‘That money is flowing through like a dose of salts.’
      • ‘He went through the field like a dose of salts.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from French, via late Latin from Greek dosis gift, from didonai give.

Pronunciation:

dose

/dəʊs/