Definition of dormant in English:

dormant

adjective

  • 1(of an animal) having normal physical functions suspended or slowed down for a period of time; in or as if in a deep sleep.

    ‘dormant butterflies’
    figurative ‘the event evoked memories that she would rather had lain dormant’
    • ‘For decades the old garden had lain dormant and almost forgotten as many others of that period often do.’
    • ‘The offence remained relatively dormant throughout the third quarter and only gained one point through a punt.’
    • ‘His previously dormant malicious side has surfaced again, and it's turned the public off.’
    • ‘The case had been long dormant for years.’
    • ‘But more money will be added to it from the dormant accounts next April.’
    • ‘She knew the dangers of getting involved again, but her body had been too long dormant.’
    • ‘She stated that 200 million lay in banks in dormant accounts that were closed recently.’
    • ‘In 1996 the log shafts had been replaced by concrete caissons, but the mine was essentially dormant.’
    • ‘The ankle socks are also adding a colourful touch to the otherwise dormant school uniforms.’
    • ‘A club which had lain dormant for a decade and more has been rekindled.’
    • ‘"There is an estimated €10m to €40m in dormant insurance accounts.’
    • ‘Anthrax spores have been known to persist dormant in the soil for up to 80 years.’
    • ‘Her otherwise dormant light side was also evident in her slightly awkward, nearly omnipresent smile.’
    • ‘Granted his psychotic illness was largely dormant at the time, but he did have a major diagnosis.’
    • ‘He goes where a largely dormant press has not.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, much brighter prospects sit dormant, with no one able to give them any attention.’
    • ‘Some tumors will grow to a certain size and become relatively dormant.’
    • ‘If not, however, he's definitely tapped into powers that have been long dormant in design.’
    • ‘Your true ancestry did not disappear, though it lay dormant for many years.’
    • ‘The labs closed, the cities grew, and the altered DNA lay dormant.’
    asleep, sleeping, slumbering, resting, reposing, drowsing, comatose, supine
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    1. 1.1 (of a plant or bud) alive but not actively growing.
      • ‘Seeds of winter annuals are often dormant at maturity.’
      • ‘Most gardeners buy dormant tubers, which are easier to grow than seed and less expensive than blooming plants.’
      • ‘As long as they are dormant, buds can survive the lowest subzero temperatures of winter.’
      • ‘The plant sets fruit between July and September and it becomes dormant in early October.’
      • ‘Once fire was reintroduced, the dormant seeds germinated and grew on the newly revitalized habitat.’
      • ‘We're working with prairie here; if it's dry, the plants go dormant.’
      • ‘Avoid fertilizing during very hot weather, when many grass lawns are essentially dormant.’
      • ‘When established plants go dormant in midsummer, you can divide them.’
      • ‘Allow it to dry out and go dormant in late summer.’
      • ‘Place them in a dark, cool cellar where they will dry out and become dormant.’
      • ‘Substantial phytase activity was found both in embryonic axes and cotyledons of dormant hazel seeds.’
      • ‘Feed herbs once a week when plants are actively growing, but not when dormant.’
      • ‘Keeping it in a frozen state is actually good because the bulbs remain dormant for a longer period of time.’
      • ‘So long as those auxin signals move out from the growing tips, few - if any - of the dormant buds on the plant will open up and begin to grow.’
      • ‘The following method can be used to determine if dormant wheat plants are alive and likely to resume active growth in the spring.’
      • ‘Following dispersal from the parent plant, seeds are dormant.’
      • ‘All plants go dormant during the winter, but evergreens keep their foliage.’
      • ‘Species tulips are dormant in the summer and prefer dry soil then.’
      • ‘Growing potato tubers or freshly harvested mature tubers have a dormant apical bud.’
      • ‘If planting in the fall when dormant, cut back existing roots to about three inches.’
      asleep, sleeping, slumbering, resting, reposing, drowsing, comatose, supine
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    2. 1.2 (of a volcano) temporarily inactive.
      • ‘It's pretty low with no big hills just a few small and long dormant volcanos.’
      • ‘Formed from a now dormant volcano, the island is incredibly beautiful with craggy peaks and lush vegetation sloping down to the clear waters of the Indian Ocean.’
      • ‘As Mount St. Helen showed in 1980, even supposedly dormant volcanoes sometimes blow and drift eastward.’
      • ‘One could liken it to a dormant volcano, asleep for now but all the while bubbling with life beneath the surface; ready to erupt at any time.’
      • ‘Formed by similar mountain-building forces, both islands have dormant volcanoes in their central regions.’
      • ‘But he noted that other parts of the world have plenty of dormant volcanoes, including France and Germany.’
      • ‘At least there was an escape route, just in case I felt the dormant volcano erupting.’
      • ‘In contemporary cricket, one force reckoned to be a dormant volcano is erupting now.’
      • ‘Fuji is a Japan's highest mountain with a dormant volcano, which most recently erupted in 1708.’
      • ‘My goal was the summit of Mount Baker, a dormant, snow-covered volcano.’
      • ‘The next day the hiking group drove south to Tongariro, a national park with a couple of dormant volcanoes, to do the tramp.’
      • ‘Haleakala, the dormant volcano reaching to 10,023 feet, is home to ‘Science City’, a research facility and observatory.’
      • ‘Running down each side of the valley are mountain peaks dotted with dormant volcanoes.’
      • ‘It's there in the white-clad high priest presiding in the temple at the summit of a dormant volcano.’
      • ‘There are many places to go beyond the beach, most obviously the lunar landscape of the dormant volcano Teide, but also the mysterious Pyramids of Guimar.’
      • ‘Many likened the situation to a dormant volcano that may erupt violently if matters are left unresolved.’
      • ‘These could be courses in the bottom of dormant volcanoes, on isolated islands, or atop unfathomably high mountaintops.’
      • ‘The summit of dormant volcano Mauna Kea is home to the world's largest astronomical observatory and most powerful telescope.’
      • ‘Now, you may remember how Mount St. Helens became active last year after it was dormant for decades.’
      asleep, sleeping, slumbering, resting, reposing, drowsing, comatose, supine
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 (of a disease) causing no symptoms but not cured and liable to recur.
      ‘the disease may remain dormant and undetected until transmitted to other fish’
      • ‘TB is a condition which progresses slowly and can lay dormant for months.’
      • ‘However, some time is required to treat dormant diseases such as chronic asthma and diabetes.’
      • ‘Tubercle bacilli can remain dormant for years before producing active disease.’
      • ‘But although symptoms can lie dormant for 70 years, on average incurable mesothelioma takes between 10 and 30 years to develop.’
      • ‘Symptoms can lie dormant for 70 years and there is no cure for virtually all cases of mesothelioma, which affects the lining of the lung.’
      • ‘Anthrax, a serious wasting disease, can lie dormant for many years so the risk still exists.’
      • ‘Granted his psychotic illness was largely dormant at the time, but he did have a major diagnosis.’
      • ‘She said there had been no other cases reported but the disease could lie dormant for several days before producing symptoms.’
      • ‘But it is estimated that it could be responsible for 10,000 deaths a year by 2020, as symptoms lie dormant for decades.’
      • ‘It can lie dormant for decades before any of its symptoms manifest themselves.’
      • ‘Other viruses lie dormant for decades to come out in different ways.’
      • ‘Within a few months her dormant atopic eczema had flared, and she was treated at a local clinic.’
      • ‘Because such diseases can lie dormant for 40 years before symptoms appear, many more cases are expected to surface.’
      • ‘TB is a slowly progressing but entirely treatable condition which can lay dormant for months.’
      • ‘This happens because the virus lies dormant in local nerves until reactivated by factors such as stress or menstruation.’
      • ‘Here the enzyme lays dormant until non-toxic drugs, called prodrugs, are given.’
      • ‘Recent research has indicated that the disease can lie dormant for up to 40 years before symptoms show.’
      • ‘The virus may lie dormant for years before symptoms appear.’
      • ‘Diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure and cirrhosis of the liver seem to predispose the activation to disease of the otherwise dormant latent infection.’
      • ‘"Renal disease tends to lie dormant and often symptoms don't become apparent until it's too late, " he warned.’
      asleep, sleeping, slumbering, resting, reposing, drowsing, comatose, supine
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4Heraldry usually postpositive (of an animal) depicted lying with its head on its paws.

Origin

Late Middle English (in the senses ‘fixed in position’ and ‘latent’): from Old French, ‘sleeping’, present participle of dormir, from Latin dormire ‘to sleep’.

Pronunciation

dormant

/ˈdɔːm(ə)nt/