Definition of dormant in English:

dormant

adjective

  • 1(of an animal) having normal physical functions suspended or slowed down for a period of time; in or as if in a deep sleep:

    ‘dormant butterflies’
    figurative ‘the event evoked memories that she would rather had lain dormant’
    • ‘Her otherwise dormant light side was also evident in her slightly awkward, nearly omnipresent smile.’
    • ‘Granted his psychotic illness was largely dormant at the time, but he did have a major diagnosis.’
    • ‘In 1996 the log shafts had been replaced by concrete caissons, but the mine was essentially dormant.’
    • ‘But more money will be added to it from the dormant accounts next April.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, much brighter prospects sit dormant, with no one able to give them any attention.’
    • ‘The labs closed, the cities grew, and the altered DNA lay dormant.’
    • ‘Your true ancestry did not disappear, though it lay dormant for many years.’
    • ‘She knew the dangers of getting involved again, but her body had been too long dormant.’
    • ‘If not, however, he's definitely tapped into powers that have been long dormant in design.’
    • ‘For decades the old garden had lain dormant and almost forgotten as many others of that period often do.’
    • ‘The ankle socks are also adding a colourful touch to the otherwise dormant school uniforms.’
    • ‘Some tumors will grow to a certain size and become relatively dormant.’
    • ‘The offence remained relatively dormant throughout the third quarter and only gained one point through a punt.’
    • ‘Anthrax spores have been known to persist dormant in the soil for up to 80 years.’
    • ‘His previously dormant malicious side has surfaced again, and it's turned the public off.’
    • ‘The case had been long dormant for years.’
    • ‘A club which had lain dormant for a decade and more has been rekindled.’
    • ‘He goes where a largely dormant press has not.’
    • ‘"There is an estimated €10m to €40m in dormant insurance accounts.’
    • ‘She stated that 200 million lay in banks in dormant accounts that were closed recently.’
    asleep, sleeping, slumbering, resting, reposing, drowsing, comatose, supine
    inactive, passive, inert, latent, fallow, quiescent, inoperative, stagnant, sluggish, lethargic, torpid, motionless, immobile
    aestivating
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a plant or bud) alive but not actively growing.
      • ‘Species tulips are dormant in the summer and prefer dry soil then.’
      • ‘The following method can be used to determine if dormant wheat plants are alive and likely to resume active growth in the spring.’
      • ‘Once fire was reintroduced, the dormant seeds germinated and grew on the newly revitalized habitat.’
      • ‘Substantial phytase activity was found both in embryonic axes and cotyledons of dormant hazel seeds.’
      • ‘As long as they are dormant, buds can survive the lowest subzero temperatures of winter.’
      • ‘Most gardeners buy dormant tubers, which are easier to grow than seed and less expensive than blooming plants.’
      • ‘We're working with prairie here; if it's dry, the plants go dormant.’
      • ‘Place them in a dark, cool cellar where they will dry out and become dormant.’
      • ‘Seeds of winter annuals are often dormant at maturity.’
      • ‘Growing potato tubers or freshly harvested mature tubers have a dormant apical bud.’
      • ‘Feed herbs once a week when plants are actively growing, but not when dormant.’
      • ‘Following dispersal from the parent plant, seeds are dormant.’
      • ‘All plants go dormant during the winter, but evergreens keep their foliage.’
      • ‘Allow it to dry out and go dormant in late summer.’
      • ‘If planting in the fall when dormant, cut back existing roots to about three inches.’
      • ‘So long as those auxin signals move out from the growing tips, few - if any - of the dormant buds on the plant will open up and begin to grow.’
      • ‘When established plants go dormant in midsummer, you can divide them.’
      • ‘The plant sets fruit between July and September and it becomes dormant in early October.’
      • ‘Avoid fertilizing during very hot weather, when many grass lawns are essentially dormant.’
      • ‘Keeping it in a frozen state is actually good because the bulbs remain dormant for a longer period of time.’
      asleep, sleeping, slumbering, resting, reposing, drowsing, comatose, supine
      inactive, passive, inert, latent, fallow, quiescent, inoperative, stagnant, sluggish, lethargic, torpid, motionless, immobile
      aestivating
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 (of a volcano) temporarily inactive.
      • ‘It's pretty low with no big hills just a few small and long dormant volcanos.’
      • ‘As Mount St. Helen showed in 1980, even supposedly dormant volcanoes sometimes blow and drift eastward.’
      • ‘Fuji is a Japan's highest mountain with a dormant volcano, which most recently erupted in 1708.’
      • ‘Running down each side of the valley are mountain peaks dotted with dormant volcanoes.’
      • ‘My goal was the summit of Mount Baker, a dormant, snow-covered volcano.’
      • ‘It's there in the white-clad high priest presiding in the temple at the summit of a dormant volcano.’
      • ‘One could liken it to a dormant volcano, asleep for now but all the while bubbling with life beneath the surface; ready to erupt at any time.’
      • ‘Haleakala, the dormant volcano reaching to 10,023 feet, is home to ‘Science City’, a research facility and observatory.’
      • ‘There are many places to go beyond the beach, most obviously the lunar landscape of the dormant volcano Teide, but also the mysterious Pyramids of Guimar.’
      • ‘But he noted that other parts of the world have plenty of dormant volcanoes, including France and Germany.’
      • ‘Formed from a now dormant volcano, the island is incredibly beautiful with craggy peaks and lush vegetation sloping down to the clear waters of the Indian Ocean.’
      • ‘The next day the hiking group drove south to Tongariro, a national park with a couple of dormant volcanoes, to do the tramp.’
      • ‘At least there was an escape route, just in case I felt the dormant volcano erupting.’
      • ‘The summit of dormant volcano Mauna Kea is home to the world's largest astronomical observatory and most powerful telescope.’
      • ‘Many likened the situation to a dormant volcano that may erupt violently if matters are left unresolved.’
      • ‘Formed by similar mountain-building forces, both islands have dormant volcanoes in their central regions.’
      • ‘These could be courses in the bottom of dormant volcanoes, on isolated islands, or atop unfathomably high mountaintops.’
      • ‘Now, you may remember how Mount St. Helens became active last year after it was dormant for decades.’
      • ‘In contemporary cricket, one force reckoned to be a dormant volcano is erupting now.’
      asleep, sleeping, slumbering, resting, reposing, drowsing, comatose, supine
      inactive, passive, inert, latent, fallow, quiescent, inoperative, stagnant, sluggish, lethargic, torpid, motionless, immobile
      aestivating
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 (of a disease) causing no symptoms but not cured and liable to recur:
      ‘the disease may remain dormant and undetected until transmitted to other fish’
      • ‘Tubercle bacilli can remain dormant for years before producing active disease.’
      • ‘Symptoms can lie dormant for 70 years and there is no cure for virtually all cases of mesothelioma, which affects the lining of the lung.’
      • ‘Other viruses lie dormant for decades to come out in different ways.’
      • ‘She said there had been no other cases reported but the disease could lie dormant for several days before producing symptoms.’
      • ‘This happens because the virus lies dormant in local nerves until reactivated by factors such as stress or menstruation.’
      • ‘Granted his psychotic illness was largely dormant at the time, but he did have a major diagnosis.’
      • ‘TB is a slowly progressing but entirely treatable condition which can lay dormant for months.’
      • ‘But it is estimated that it could be responsible for 10,000 deaths a year by 2020, as symptoms lie dormant for decades.’
      • ‘The virus may lie dormant for years before symptoms appear.’
      • ‘Within a few months her dormant atopic eczema had flared, and she was treated at a local clinic.’
      • ‘Here the enzyme lays dormant until non-toxic drugs, called prodrugs, are given.’
      • ‘But although symptoms can lie dormant for 70 years, on average incurable mesothelioma takes between 10 and 30 years to develop.’
      • ‘It can lie dormant for decades before any of its symptoms manifest themselves.’
      • ‘Recent research has indicated that the disease can lie dormant for up to 40 years before symptoms show.’
      • ‘Diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure and cirrhosis of the liver seem to predispose the activation to disease of the otherwise dormant latent infection.’
      • ‘Because such diseases can lie dormant for 40 years before symptoms appear, many more cases are expected to surface.’
      • ‘TB is a condition which progresses slowly and can lay dormant for months.’
      • ‘However, some time is required to treat dormant diseases such as chronic asthma and diabetes.’
      • ‘"Renal disease tends to lie dormant and often symptoms don't become apparent until it's too late, " he warned.’
      • ‘Anthrax, a serious wasting disease, can lie dormant for many years so the risk still exists.’
      asleep, sleeping, slumbering, resting, reposing, drowsing, comatose, supine
      inactive, passive, inert, latent, fallow, quiescent, inoperative, stagnant, sluggish, lethargic, torpid, motionless, immobile
      aestivating
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4Heraldry [usually postpositive] (of an animal) depicted lying with its head on its paws.

Origin

Late Middle English (in the senses ‘fixed in position’ and ‘latent’): from Old French, sleeping, present participle of dormir, from Latin dormire to sleep.

Pronunciation:

dormant

/ˈdɔːm(ə)nt/