Definition of domesticate in English:



[with object]
  • 1Tame (an animal) and keep it as a pet or on a farm.

    ‘mammals were first domesticated for their milk’
    • ‘With the advent of farming in the Neolithic, a number of animal species were domesticated, starting with sheep, goats, pigs, and cattle.’
    • ‘Archaeological and genetic evidence suggest that humans have been domesticating organisms since the Neolithic revolution, about 12,000 years ago.’
    • ‘But researchers have also stumbled across hints that cats were domesticated much earlier.’
    • ‘Contrary to popular belief, in the right circumstances domesticated dogs will kill cats.’
    • ‘There are also a few pictures of other domesticated animals including sheep and goats.’
    • ‘And the question is whether the tiger is domesticated enough to obey the master.’
    • ‘The dog was domesticated in the subcontinent towards the end of the Mesolithic period.’
    • ‘John Muir envisioned national parks as pristine wilderness, without domesticated animals.’
    • ‘Its 2500 domesticated Asian elephants are the only survivors from around 100,000 last century.’
    • ‘Some species have been domesticated for flesh, liver, and egg production.’
    • ‘Only a couple of dozen animal species have been domesticated for food production.’
    • ‘About 200 cattle were domesticated in these areas.’
    • ‘Rats aren't domesticated animals so they have to scurry to find where their food is.’
    • ‘On the one hand, dogs and cats have been domesticated for thousands of years.’
    • ‘But the point is, all these cats are domesticated cats.’
    • ‘Oh honestly people, we are talking about a thoroughly domesticated creature here.’
    • ‘Attempts to tame and domesticate these creatures were met with mixed results, and even though some had proven docile enough to use as mounts, there was always the slight element of unpredictability about them.’
    • ‘Remnants of the herds ancestral to all domesticated camels may still survive in the deserts of central Asia.’
    • ‘Rabbit meat for the table can be derived from either wild or domesticated animals.’
    • ‘Chickens have been domesticated for thousands of years and dozens of beautiful breeds have been developed.’
    tame, train, break in, gentle
    tame, tamed, pet, domestic, broken-in
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    1. 1.1 Cultivate (a plant) for food.
      ‘the potato was first domesticated on Andean slopes’
      • ‘Genetic identification of the natural stands from which wild crops were domesticated addresses the question of where specifically within the Fertile Crescent humans invented agriculture.’
      • ‘It is not essential that vines were domesticated before wine-making was invented.’
      • ‘We embarked on that road thousands of years ago when plants were first domesticated.’
      • ‘Maize was domesticated about 7,500 years ago in Mexico, and then spread to North and South America.’
      • ‘Our ultimate goal was to determine whether barley was domesticated more than once and to pinpoint the region of barley domestication.’
      • ‘Some domesticated flowers may have become dependent upon humans for propagation.’
      • ‘The mounds and middens are significant and long-lived disturbed areas, highly congenial to the weedy species ancestral to the earliest cultivated and domesticated food plants.’
      • ‘Maize was domesticated from its wild progenitor, teosinte, between 6,250 and 10,000 years ago in a single domestication event.’
      • ‘Food crops in any society are crops domesticated and cultivated for consumption.’
      • ‘Since the very beginnings of agriculture, humans in both the old and new worlds have domesticated cereals.’
      • ‘Flax fiber went out of vogue in the United States when the cotton gin was introduced, vaulting cotton ahead of one of the first crops domesticated by man.’
      • ‘It turns out even more surprisingly that the vast majority of wild plant species cannot be domesticated.’
      • ‘He has given an eloquent description of their importance: When he domesticated wheat, man laid the foundations of western civilization.’
      • ‘Grains like wheat and barley were also domesticated at around this time.’
      • ‘Cultivated corn was domesticated more than 6,000 years ago.’
      • ‘The most complete evidence has come from the Near East, where domesticated barley and emmer wheat strains have been found which date from about 8000 BC.’
      • ‘The food grain was first domesticated over 10,000 years ago in the Middle East.’
      • ‘On this theory, whatever language happened to be spoken in a region where a crop plant was domesticated expanded along with the farmers who spoke it.’
      • ‘Between 5000 and 10,000 years ago, humans domesticated virtually all major crop species used by modern agricultural societies.’
      • ‘Some ethnobotanists and anthropologists are convinced that root and tuber crops were among the first plants to be domesticated.’
      cultivate, raise, rear
      naturalized, acclimatized, habituated
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    2. 1.2humorous Make (someone) fond of and good at home life and the tasks that it involves.
      ‘you've quite domesticated him’
      • ‘‘I'm not the most domesticated person in the world and if cleaning a kitchen appliance is an issue, I just won't buy it,’ she explains.’
      • ‘In fact, you in the UK are the most domesticated people on earth.’
      • ‘I have the house to myself for the next week, and those of you who know me will know that I'm hardly the most domesticated person.’
      • ‘Mind you, I haven't read a romance book in a long time and perhaps these days there are sub-genres which involve domesticated men.’
      • ‘The last three years have been a successful time for them, and success does tend to domesticate people.’
      housewifely, stay-at-home, home-loving, homely
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Mid 17th century: from medieval Latin domesticat- ‘domesticated’, from the verb domesticare, from Latin domesticus ‘belonging to the house’ (see domestic).