Definition of disjunction in English:

disjunction

noun

  • 1A lack of correspondence or consistency.

    ‘there is a disjunction between the skills taught in education and those demanded in the labour market’
    • ‘Well the worst that could happen is that the amendment would in fact result in a disjunction between Australian law and the actual terms of the Free Trade Agreement.’
    • ‘The disjunction between this study's actual data and the alarmist headlines its authors helped generate is especially remarkable.’
    • ‘Nothing illustrated so well the disjunction between carefully formulated common aspirations and the reality of divergent values than the situation earlier this year.’
    • ‘The radical disjunction between father and son in this scene (with the sign) is telling.’
    • ‘Equally important has been the disjunction between the nation and the state in India, in sharp contrast with the western nation states during the origin of political democracy.’
    • ‘Would not such a disjunction between achievement and status have made the notion of grace as an unmerited gift more attractive than can be the case among wage-earners today?’
    • ‘Rather than seeing ‘mixing two things together’ as a flaw resulting from the creative process, might we see the disjunction as essential to the novel?’
    • ‘What is at stake is the disjunction between economic valuation and ethical valuation.’
    • ‘There is a shocking disjunction between the vast sums spent on a baby in neonatal intensive care and the small amount spent after the baby goes home.’
    • ‘This disjunction between culture and nature is a source of some of the most enduring paradoxes in Australian settler society.’
    • ‘Their different notions of exactly what that dream was amount to a kind of cosmic disjunction.’
    • ‘Yet, viewed in a wider perspective, particularly in comparison with the United States, France, or West Germany, it is the disjunction between local and national politics in Britain that is so striking.’
    • ‘Yet as Muller notes, the disjunction between intentions and outcomes ‘continues to make moralists queasy’.’
    • ‘In many of the more classically pointillist, or ‘divisionist,’ works that Signac created over the next few years, the same disjunction between content and style prevails.’
    • ‘In education we find the same disjunction between Aborigines who have moved into mainstream Australia and those still living in the remote communities.’
    • ‘And there are several factors at work, but one of the most important, and one of the ones that has the most bearing, I think, in Australia, is the disjunction between what's happening in the economy and what's happening in society.’
    • ‘But in other cases the police uncover a startling disjunction between appearance and reality.’
    • ‘Her actions reveal the ability for self-aware introspection, as she acts on her awareness of the disjunction between her disembodiment and the humanly embodied knowledge she possesses.’
    • ‘I don't think that he would be as worried about the ‘modern military's disjunction from American society.’’
    • ‘He is also concerned with cultural loss, the disjunction between Aboriginal and European ways, and the hardships of life on Aboriginal settlements.’
    disconnection, detachment, severance, uncoupling, dissociation, disassociation, disunion, disaffiliation, segregation
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  • 2Logic
    mass noun The relation of two distinct alternatives.

    • ‘Of course, more complex formulas than these can easily be constructed, using more than one quantifier and symbols for negation, conjunction, disjunction, and so forth.’
    • ‘Thus, classically, disjunction is semantically interpreted as a binary truth-function from the set of pairs of truth-values to the set { 0, 1 }.’
    • ‘For degrees of truth, disjunction is a truth function.’
    • ‘This applies, first and foremost, to the logical terminology: connectives such as negation, conjunction, disjunction, and if - then, and quantifiers like there is and for all.’
    • ‘Conjunction and disjunction signs could then be defined from the negation and conditional signs.’
    1. 2.1count noun A statement expressing the relation of two distinct alternatives (especially one using the word ‘or’).
      • ‘In a statement of the form, the two statements joined together, and, are called the disjuncts, and the whole statement is called a disjunction.’
      • ‘By referring to a dichotomous tree, this writer shows how to choose the proper disjunction relative to the terms in the disjuncts.’
      • ‘Each of these is sufficient for M, as is any disjunction of them.’
      • ‘Thus, he does not recognize sentential compounds, such as conjunctions and disjunctions, as single assertions.’
      • ‘A predicate is exclusively disjunctive if and only it is equivalent to a disjunction of disjoint predicates.’
      division, separation, divorce, split, gulf, chasm
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Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin disjunctio(n-), from disjungere ‘disjoin’ (see disjunct).

Pronunciation

disjunction

/dɪsˈdʒʌŋ(k)ʃ(ə)n/