Definition of disjunct in English:

disjunct

adjective

  • Disjoined and distinct from one another.

    ‘a series of disjunct chords’
    • ‘Three small disjunct areas are also present just south of the river.’
    • ‘It seems highly unlikely that the living coelacanth exists only in two small, highly disjunct populations.’
    • ‘Alternatively, the ancestral species might have been dispersed between these disjunct ranges by migrating animals, such as birds.’
    • ‘But a return to the small and disjunct societies of the pre-industrial age would plunge even more of the world's population into poverty and probably vastly increase violence, famine, disease and intolerance.’
    • ‘Species with normally disjunct distributions or widely separated populations may also indicate that more than one taxonomic entity is represented.’
    • ‘Finally, ‘Introduced Species’ are not native to North America, or they occur as disjunct populations that resulted from translocation by humans.’
    • ‘It is a civic hub in what was previously a disjunct part of the city.’
    • ‘I also found no disjunct distributions like those that Bell reported.’
    • ‘Documentation of this disease in western Montana suggests that previously disjunct eastern and western populations of House Finches are now mixing in the northern part of their range.’
    • ‘The basic explanations offered for endangerment are habitat destruction or fragmentation, the impact of non-native animals and plants, and small and disjunct population sizes.’
    • ‘Along the precipitous slopes of the upper Yangtze Gorge, dwarf blue sheep and blue sheep occupy disjunct habitats separated by a belt of subtropical forest.’
    • ‘Because of their extreme isolation from the centers of distribution in central Tennessee, the potential exists for the disjunct Illinois populations to be genetically distinct.’
    • ‘The disjunct distribution of the infection in Pacific islands and the Amazon basin has been used as medical evidence of pre-Columbian contact between Polynesians and South Americans.’
    • ‘The piece moves so quickly from one disjunct fragment to the next that the resulting work couldn't be thought of as jazz, but only postmodern pastiche.’
    • ‘Similar disjunct distributions are known in other species, however, it is unclear in this case if the gap in the distribution is real or an artifact of collecting effort.’
    • ‘Somewhere between these two extremes lies the investigation of disjunct traits that have a similar metabolic origin, for example, multiple white plumage patches on different body parts.’
    • ‘With this evidence at hand, one might question whether the three disjunct populations warrant classification as species rather than subspecies.’
    • ‘This study shows that these seemingly disjunct northern records were not accidental captures, but that these and many other species occur off New England and at other intervening locations to the south.’
    • ‘Another possibility is that the present disjunct distributions are merely relicts of a former contiguous or near-contiguous distribution.’
    • ‘As a result, a disjunct soil moisture distribution is often found during the summer, with high soil moisture availability in shallow and deep layers, separated by a drier soil layer.’
    separate, distinct, individual, detached, unattached, disconnected, discontinuous, disjunct, disjoined
    View synonyms

noun

  • 1Logic
    Each of the terms of a disjunctive proposition.

    • ‘In a statement of the form, the two statements joined together, and, are called the disjuncts, and the whole statement is called a disjunction.’
    • ‘By referring to a dichotomous tree, Tusi shows how to choose the proper disjunction relative to the terms in the disjuncts.’
    • ‘Contents of disjunctions are the unions of the sets representing the contents of the disjuncts.’
    • ‘In this case, p and q are the disjuncts of the disjunction.’
    • ‘Again, it is not merely the truth values of the disjuncts that are important, but the existence of a connection of a certain kind between them.’
  • 2Grammar

    another term for sentence adverb
    • ‘A disjunct expresses the speaker or writer's attitude to what is being described in the sentence.’
    • ‘If too comes after the adverb it is probably a disjunct (meaning also) and is usually set off with a comma:’
    • ‘Most adverbs that function as conjuncts or disjuncts may have other functions.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin disjunctus disjoined, separated, from the verb disjungere.

Pronunciation:

disjunct

/ˈdɪsdʒʌŋ(k)t/