Definition of discrimination in English:

discrimination

noun

  • 1The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex:

    ‘victims of racial discrimination’
    ‘discrimination against homosexuals’
    • ‘Examples of abuse of a dominant position include overcharging, discrimination against suppliers, unjustifiable refusals to supply and predatory pricing.’
    • ‘Many more are also oppressed by homophobia, ageism, discrimination against the disabled, the uneducated, or the poor in general.’
    • ‘They may do so for good or bad reasons, subject only to the laws prohibiting discrimination on grounds of race, sex or disability.’
    • ‘His attorneys argued the different treatment represents discrimination against gays and lesbians and is unconstitutional.’
    • ‘A boycott of a university or a country does not, of course, constitute racial discrimination against its members.’
    • ‘Racism, sexism, discrimination against the mentally handicapped, and the morality of crime are all portrayed this season.’
    • ‘We focus our discussion on discrimination against disadvantaged racial minorities.’
    • ‘However, some Maori report cases of prejudice and discrimination against them.’
    • ‘The bill, which is expected to be presented to the Legislative Council after next month's elections, aims at making discrimination on racial grounds unlawful.’
    • ‘This again is a continuation of an unjust and serious discrimination against gay and lesbian couples who, for a variety of reasons, might want to adopt children.’
    • ‘Then they say that discrimination against gays is unjust, but backhand them saying that same-sex unions aren't equivalent to marriage.’
    • ‘There is a growing desire for those issues to be dealt with once and for all and to remove discrimination against people on the grounds of their creed.’
    • ‘There must be no discrimination on grounds of race or colour [In the employment of Indians or Colonial natives in the Royal Navy].’
    • ‘She is due to take a claim of racial discrimination against the trust to an Employment Tribunal in December.’
    • ‘Affirmative action, for them, was no less invidious than traditional race discrimination against disadvantaged minorities.’
    • ‘Such conditions on the labour market and in the unions favour discrimination against minorities, such as persons with foreign origin, women, dissidents and political nonconformists.’
    • ‘The tribunal found that the company and workers were all guilty of racial discrimination against Mr Han, who worked as a multi-skilled machinist for nearly seven years.’
    • ‘Sex discrimination excludes discrimination on the grounds of marital status.’
    • ‘Most of the problems facing women in developing countries are due to discrimination against them on ground of sex.’
    • ‘In those years, I also saw the racism and discrimination against my people in border towns.’
    prejudice, bias, bigotry, intolerance, narrow-mindedness, unfairness, inequity, favouritism, one-sidedness, partisanship
    View synonyms
  • 2Recognition and understanding of the difference between one thing and another:

    ‘discrimination between right and wrong’
    [count noun] ‘young children have difficulties in making fine discriminations’
    • ‘Thus the data were recoded using more stringent criteria to permit finer discriminations (feminist, antifeminist, neutral).’
    • ‘For example, all stimuli were presented as white on a black background and subjects were instructed to respond using same - different discriminations in both experiments.’
    • ‘The next dream certainly suggests continuing rehabilitation via the very acute perceptions and fine discriminations that are now taking place among the various sides of my personality in creative confrontation with each other.’
    • ‘The measures also provided sensible discriminations between the more- and less-creative participants, irrespective of ESP scores.’
    • ‘The task to hand therefore calls for numerous theoretical and historical discriminations; and is complicated by the fact that the abusive invocations are not merely random or opportunistic.’
    • ‘These discriminations account for the intangible awareness of mood, and they define the greenness of green and the warmness of warmth.’
    • ‘A concern that deserves some consideration is whether target discriminations could have been made at the semantic level or at the sublexical level instead of at the lexical level.’
    • ‘The physical colors were the same for the simultaneous and successive discriminations.’
    • ‘Also there are precise discriminations within particular genres.’
    • ‘More sampling might reveal finer scale discriminations between groups, but we are satisfied that we have detected the major differences.’
    • ‘Precise discriminations may be impossible, but consider the extremes.’
    • ‘Many of his contemporaries held that, whether or not anyone could make fine discriminations of this sort, there was no way to fix standards in such matters - judgments that could be made explicit, justified and shared.’
    • ‘Or do you think the Eskimos have a lot of words for snow because they necessarily make fine discriminations amongst snow types, since they live in the snow.’
    • ‘Earlier artists, like Monet, had painted the same motif in series in order to display minute discriminations of perception, the shift of light and colour form hour to hour on a haystack, and how these can be by the subtlety of eye and hand.’
    • ‘Such incommensurability should not be understood as a reflection of our inability to make fine discriminations between divergent ways of life.’
    • ‘Learners at the advanced stage use their own creativity and seek delicate discriminations of meaning, stylistic niceties, subtleties of culture and discourse, and greater acquaintance with the language.’
    • ‘The great span of difference in organizational intricacy means that the number of traits in the nervous system and its discriminations and alternative outputs is peculiarly great.’
    • ‘It promotes disinterestedness, teaches sensitivity and fine discriminations, produces identifications with men and women of other conditions, thus promoting fellow-feeling.’
    • ‘His mind works like a razor, dividing larger ideas into finer discriminations of meaning.’
    • ‘There is a small but still significant number of color-anomalous people, who can make all the same color discriminations as regular people, but who disagree about which samples are pure red, green, etc.’
    differentiation, distinction, telling the difference
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 The ability to judge what is of high quality; good judgement or taste:
      ‘those who could afford to buy showed little taste or discrimination’
      • ‘It represents the cosmopolitan virtues of tolerance and aesthetic discrimination.’
      • ‘In record shops, they both stood apart as labels that were run by and for connoisseurs, shields of taste and discrimination.’
      • ‘Yet many people lose their judgement and discrimination when it comes to matters of money.’
      • ‘Shifting the emphasis from matters of taste, discrimination or aesthetics, media education now borrowed from new sources and began to ask new questions.’
      • ‘The brand's sale is another sure-fire crowd-puller, for the legendarily stylish items bought with taste and discrimination.’
      • ‘Let's retain our rural character and attract visitors who have some taste and discrimination.’
      • ‘As home cooking dies, replaced with tasteless, additive-ridden, cook-chill plastic, our taste buds are losing what little discrimination they might have had.’
      • ‘He argues that the days of taste and literary discrimination are over.’
      • ‘In short, in a competitive market, discriminators pay for their taste for discrimination.’
      • ‘It's the ability to enjoy art with discrimination and an appreciation of its subtleties.’
      • ‘Its practice cultivates our discrimination in eating good quality food in the appropriate quantity and in a tranquil environment.’
      • ‘A collection is a revealing reflection of the taste discrimination of the collector and of his aesthetic sensibility.’
      • ‘Judging by the five most popular songs at Christmas discos we abandon any sense of discrimination during December.’
      • ‘This ending, however, is unlikely to please gay audiences, and none of it should please audiences of either sexuality with any taste and discrimination.’
      discernment, judgement, perception, perceptiveness, perspicacity, acumen, astuteness, shrewdness, judiciousness, insight, subtlety
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2Psychology The ability to distinguish between different stimuli:
      [as modifier] ‘discrimination learning’
      • ‘These three marker-type conditions are known to produce different levels of discrimination efficiency.’
      • ‘The results of the present study also suggest that additional elaboration can enhance memory discrimination and reduce response bias for both common and bizarre stimuli.’
      • ‘His own research interests lie in traditional associative learning theory and in discrimination and perceptual learning.’
      • ‘Thus, there were also 8 stimuli for the successive discrimination.’
      • ‘More recently, researchers have shown that unreinforced preexposure to two stimuli can later assist discrimination between them.’
  • 3Electronics
    The selection of a signal having a required characteristic, such as frequency or amplitude, by means of a discriminator.

    • ‘The new program features superior discrimination of fluorescent signals and substantially reduces the need for user intervention during image processing.’
    • ‘If this high level of cross polarization discrimination is not required, the added cost provides no system benefit.’
    • ‘The advantage of this technique over conventional one-photon fluorescence is better signal strength and discrimination using less light energy.’
    • ‘The three sets of delay lines allow discrimination of multiple ions arriving at the same time at the detector.’
    • ‘Without a means of multispectral band discrimination, there exists significant risk that targets will be missed and threats to both people and vehicles not detected.’

Pronunciation:

discrimination

/dɪˌskrɪmɪˈneɪʃ(ə)n/