Definition of discharge in English:

discharge

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
Pronunciation /dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ/
  • 1Tell (someone) officially that they can or must leave a place or situation.

    • ‘He was discharged because his attitude toward us was so weird.’
    • ‘In most cases, he said, members found to have been involved with prohibited substances would be discharged.’
    • ‘The company lowered its evaluation of another employee, and discharged yet another who reported 60 problems with the plant.’
    • ‘She also found after making a complaint about the way he was treated, his working hours were cut and he was ultimately discharged.’
    • ‘The long chain of bureaucracy at present has made it difficult for the government to discharge civil servants who are proven guilty of corruption, including asking for illegal fees.’
    • ‘The police suspect he had been discharged from his factory in 1983.’
    • ‘However, after 20 years, he injured his shoulder fighting a fire and was medically discharged from his secure employment.’
    • ‘There was no other explanation and with that we were discharged.’
    • ‘He was discharged with a pension in 1863, but nothing is known of his life between then and his death in Manchester in 1898.’
    • ‘And this morning, all we heard was that you'd been discharged and sent to see the headmaster.’
    • ‘They stressed that staff would not be actively discharging anyone and no programme was in place to reduce the number of users by a set target.’
    • ‘Most of these discharged students are in fact believed to have been forced out, which would make the true drop-out rate 25 to 30 percent.’
    • ‘They discharged their legal team over a year ago after spiralling costs threatened to ruin their business.’
    1. 1.1 Allow (a patient) to leave hospital because they are judged fit.
      ‘Mark was taken away in an ambulance but later discharged’
      • ‘Two patients were discharged to a nursing home.’
      • ‘The patient was discharged to his local hospital with plans for treatment with chemotherapy.’
      • ‘The patient is discharged from the hospital on approximately the fourth postoperative day if there are no complications.’
      • ‘Patients are rarely discharged from the hospital with a chest tube, so earlier removal could result in shorter hospital stays.’
      • ‘Only minimal safety precautions are needed, and the patient can be discharged from the hospital.’
      • ‘On most days, there is no urgent reason to discharge patients from the hospital.’
      • ‘A nurse provides the patient with written and verbal postoperative instructions before the patient is discharged from the hospital.’
      • ‘Patients being discharged from the hospital may received an initial supply of medications.’
      • ‘Six of the patients were discharged from the hospital.’
      • ‘The patient was discharged to the nursing home under the care of the palliative care team.’
      • ‘Before the patient is discharged, a physical therapist fits the patient with crutches and gives instructions regarding their correct use.’
      • ‘The patients were discharged from the hospital within 48 hours of surgery.’
      • ‘The providers made new diagnoses in 53% of the patients, and all patients were discharged from the hospital.’
      • ‘After two courses of treatment, the disease was cured and the patient was discharged from the hospital.’
      • ‘The package was offered before the patient was discharged from hospital.’
      • ‘The patient was discharged from the hospital and did well for about 3 months.’
      • ‘Patients from a large private cardiology practice who were discharged from the hospital following a coronary event were included in the analysis.’
      • ‘The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged after a brief hospital stay.’
      • ‘Such interventions could be carried out with patients before they are discharged from hospital.’
      • ‘We made baseline assessments in the 24 hours before patients were discharged from hospital and assigned to the intervention.’
    2. 1.2 Dismiss from the armed forces or police.
      ‘his memory was impaired and he was discharged from the RAF’
      • ‘Two other crewmen were both badly injured in the attack and were subsequently discharged from the Army on medical grounds.’
      • ‘He will be medically discharged from the Army for an athletic career again.’
      • ‘He went on a drunken rampage and was discharged from the military after serving 18 months.’
      • ‘After being dishonourably discharged from the US Marines in 1959, he moved to Russia, only to be refused citizenship and sent back to the US.’
      • ‘Both were dishonourably discharged from National Service in 1954 after spending much of their time in military prisons.’
      • ‘After being medically discharged from the army he went on to various jobs.’
      • ‘The Major was discharged from the Army in 1976 after tests found he was suffering ‘high tone deafness’ in both ears.’
      • ‘On 19th October 1994 he was discharged from the police on the grounds of permanent ill health.’
      • ‘My deepest sympathies are for those soldiers who have died after they were supposed to be discharged from the army.’
      • ‘The 24-year-old has been sentenced to one year in prison and has been discharged from the Army.’
      • ‘At the time he was back in Clydebank having been dishonourably discharged from the Royal Navy.’
      • ‘He was honorably discharged from the Army in 2001.’
      • ‘After 19 years with the army, the Major, was medically discharged from her unit.’
      • ‘They are discharged from military service, two have their ranks lowered, and all three are ordered to forfeit pay for two months.’
      • ‘The four applicants, three men and one woman, had been administratively discharged from the armed forces under this policy.’
      • ‘She told me she had just spoken with Jessica, who has now been discharged from the Army, and that she sounded great.’
      • ‘In 1933, his father, Leo, through no fault of his own, was discharged from the British Army.’
      • ‘According to these websites, he was discharged from the Marine Corps in 1961 with the rank of sergeant.’
      • ‘Were I to do that, Tom, I would be discharged from the military in a less than honorable manner and have a black mark on my name that would last the rest of my life.’
      • ‘A group of former members of the armed forces who were discharged from the military for being gay have filed suit asking to be reinstated.’
      dismiss, remove, eject, expel, deprive of office, get rid of, throw out, oust
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3 Release from the custody or restraint of the law.
      ‘she was conditionally discharged for two years at Oxford Crown Court’
      • ‘She was formally discharged by the court following the jury's unanimous verdict.’
      • ‘Soon, Rocky is discharged from prison and comes back to the old neighborhood.’
      • ‘He sought to be discharged without conviction because it would hurt his chances of become an official.’
      • ‘I reject the submission that this duty only comes into existence when the applicant is discharged from Broadmoor.’
      • ‘This is because they have been discharged from detention under the Act, not because they have been placed under supervision.’
      • ‘The lads were discharged on promising not to offend again.’
      • ‘Following the verdicts, they were all formally discharged by the court.’
      • ‘We remain instructed in relation to his application to be discharged from prison but emphasise that apart from the request contained herein we have had no role in his appeal against sentence.’
      • ‘He was later discharged as the police had no evidence for the charge.’
      • ‘She was formally discharged by the court after the decision.’
      • ‘And I think he was discharged without a conviction, is that right?’
      • ‘After the unanimous verdict yesterday, he was formally discharged by the court.’
      • ‘Cooper, who has no criminal convictions, was discharged from the dock by the Judge.’
      • ‘Magistrates ordered them to pay the full prosecution costs of £624.36 and conditionally discharged each of them for two years.’
      • ‘He has previous convictions for shoplifting and was conditionally discharged for this latest offence.’
      • ‘They were cleared on all the charges by a jury of six men and six women and were formally discharged by the court following the verdicts.’
      • ‘The defendant, who had denied the charge and told the jury he was not there, was discharged from the dock by the Judge.’
      • ‘Although plainly guilty, some of them were discharged by the courts before they ever came to trial and - from memory - all but one were later acquitted of all charges.’
      release, liberate, free, set free, let go, let out, allow to leave, let loose, set loose, turn loose
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4 Relieve (a juror or jury) from serving in a case.
      ‘if the jury cannot agree, it should be discharged’
      • ‘There is no fixed rule of principle or of law to the effect that once a jury have been discharged from returning a verdict there cannot arise some circumstance which permits a judge to set aside the order of discharge.’
      • ‘The jury in the trial were discharged from returning verdicts on the other ten charges after the court heard there was no reasonable prospect of the the jury reaching verdicts.’
      • ‘He discharged the jury from further service after the foreman said there was no prospect of them ever reaching majority verdicts on any of the remaining six counts.’
      • ‘The Court considered what appears to have been by now the only ground - the failure to discharge the jury following the departure of the applicant.’
      • ‘In this case the jury could not agree on the charge of manslaughter and were discharged from giving a verdict.’
      • ‘A jury was discharged after failing to reach a verdict in the case last July.’
      • ‘The judge had no choice but to immediately discharge the jury and swear in another.’
      • ‘The jury was discharged and leave given to seek an order for the attachment and committal of the five newspaper editors.’
      • ‘But I would add to the fact that his Honour does appear to have applied the correct test concerning the need to discharge the jury.’
      • ‘He was formally cleared by the trial judge yesterday after the jury was discharged after failing to reach a verdict.’
      • ‘The jury was finally discharged yesterday by the Judge with her thanks.’
      • ‘We have no hesitation in finding that the judge was not only entitled under common law to refuse to discharge these jurors, but would have been wrong had he done so.’
      • ‘Two juries were discharged the first because a juror had to withdraw for personal reasons and the second because the jury room was found not to be soundproof.’
      • ‘In August this year the first jury was discharged after failing to reach verdicts on both charges.’
      • ‘In any event, even if that discretion could be attacked it was in no way the fault of the prosecution that the jury was discharged on that occasion.’
      • ‘The first jury was discharged for legal reasons on Wednesday.’
      • ‘It is said that the refusal to discharge the jury was an unreasonable exercise of discretion.’
      • ‘He perfectly properly discharged the jury on that occasion.’
      • ‘After a day of deliberations the jury was discharged and the prosecution asked for a week to decide whether to retry the accused.’
  • 2Allow (a liquid, gas, or other substance) to flow out from where it has been confined.

    ‘industrial plants discharge highly toxic materials into rivers’
    no object ‘the overflow should discharge in an obvious place’
    • ‘In the Baltic Sea, similar dumps have started to discharge mustard gas, forming a jelly on contact with water.’
    • ‘No Member will agree with 30% of urban sewage being discharged untreated into our seas and rivers.’
    • ‘Phthalates are chemicals discharged by plastics companies; researchers believe they disrupt the human endocrine system.’
    • ‘The pipe collects water from the soil, discharging the flow at an opening located downhill from the house.’
    • ‘Most of the pollution comes from poorly-treated sewage and chemicals discharged by farms and factories.’
    • ‘In the past, large volumes of the radioactive substance have been discharged into the Irish Sea.’
    • ‘Sewage treatment has collapsed, resulting in 500,000 tons of raw sewage being discharged into water sources every day.’
    • ‘I think of fuel and oil being discharged into rivers and oceans.’
    • ‘The station was allowed to discharge sewage into the river during an emergency and was supposed to have alarms fitted to act as a warning when there had been a pump failure, but none of them worked.’
    • ‘Alarms were raised when industrial glue was discharged into the harbour illegally.’
    • ‘During this phase of the work the pre-cut material was discharged back into the channel where it lay pending removal by the trailers.’
    • ‘More than two million residents have no sanitary facilities, and much sewage is discharged untreated or partially treated into waterways.’
    • ‘In some instances available manure is sometimes discharged of or destroyed by means of burning it.’
    • ‘Because these operations discharge uneaten food, pesticides and fish waste into the ocean, they need permits.’
    • ‘He also said the pipe had been intended to discharge sewage not straight into the stream but into another part of the septic tanks, where it would be filtered before being discharged.’
    • ‘Twelve million cubic metres of raw sewage was discharged into the Thames this summer and more sewage was discharged last Thursday.’
    • ‘They cannot be left out for the household rubbish collection and they must not be emptied by discharging the gas.’
    • ‘For these reasons it is unlawful to discharge sediment into our waterways.’
    • ‘This toxic brew together with other solid waste produced by indiscriminate dumping of other material is discharged into the nearest body of water.’
    • ‘It would tackle the amount of raw sewage being discharged into local water courses and remove the need for householders to have septic tanks maintained and emptied.’
    send out, pour, release, eject, emit, let out, void, issue, dispense, give off, exude, excrete, ooze, leak, gush, jet
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 (of an orifice or diseased tissue) emit (pus or other liquid)
      ‘the swelling will eventually break down and discharge pus’
      no object ‘the eyes and nose began to discharge’
      • ‘The glands discharge their contents by the contraction of the arrector pili muscle and by any pressure applied to the gland.’
      • ‘He said that his ears were swollen and bleeding and discharging pus.’
      • ‘A 23 year old woman was referred by her general practitioner with multiple, unsightly lesions on her right pinna, which occasionally discharged pus.’
      • ‘Maybe you should also disqualify those golfers who discharge phlegm from their mouths while playing.’
      • ‘Reproduction in echinoderms is typically by external fertilization; eggs and sperm are freely discharged into the water.’
      • ‘The coldness also triggers the urinary organs, so more calcium, potassium and other inorganic salts are discharged with urine.’
      • ‘The primary and secondary lesions frequently ulcerate and may discharge a thin, serous fluid.’
      • ‘The anus has two muscle rings, which keep the contents of the rectum inside until they can conveniently be discharged.’
    2. 2.2Physics Release or neutralize the electric charge of (an electric field, battery, or other object)
      ‘the electrostatic field that builds up on a monitor screen can be discharged’
      no object ‘batteries have a tendency to discharge slowly’
      • ‘If the concentration of such a species is high enough that it does not change much as the battery is discharged, then the voltage output remains nearly constant.’
      • ‘It is recommended that you fully charge and discharge the new battery two to four times to allow it to reach its maximum rated capacity.’
      • ‘The emergency-lighting batteries were charging and discharging at a high rate.’
      • ‘Once the excess charge is discharged, the light emitting diode stops emitting light.’
      • ‘If it is a battery that is shorted, the battery will be discharged very quickly and will heat up due to the high current flow.’
    3. 2.3 (of a person) fire (a gun or missile)
      ‘when you shoot you can discharge as many barrels as you wish’
      • ‘He had thought he was a sufficient distance away from the neighbour's boundary when he had discharged the firearm.’
      • ‘Another guard discharged his weapon, sending a shower of sparks falling from the ceiling.’
      • ‘Clearly, there needs to be better training of our lawmen, they need to be a bit less ready to discharge their firearms.’
      • ‘It was the first and last time he ever discharged his weapon in the line of duty, and the first time he had been shot at.’
      • ‘I threw my arm back, pistol in hand, and started to discharge bullets at them while running forward.’
      • ‘Two men were arrested shortly after New Year's Day for discharging a firearm in the beachfront area.’
      • ‘He did not discharge his shotgun before he was killed.’
      • ‘He has said he declined to report the incident at the time because he had illegally discharged a firearm in a national park.’
      • ‘Before they could discharge their rifles four of them were already down.’
      • ‘A shootout commenced during which Barry was hit twice, but he also managed to discharge the shotgun twice before falling down.’
      • ‘As the soldier reached over to roll up his sleeve he accidentally discharged the weapon, shooting Harry in the stomach.’
      • ‘Armed officers then discharged their weapons.’
      • ‘Those who brandish or discharge firearms in a public place would, in all but the rarest cases, be locked up.’
      • ‘It would have taken only one shot to end his life and ruin that of the police officer who discharged it.’
      • ‘According to the police, there was a struggle and the officer discharged his firearm.’
      • ‘Under the bill, a person who knowingly discharges a firearm that sends a projectile across a property line could be charged with a Class C misdemeanor criminal violation.’
      • ‘The facts were that the lady discharged her firearm against two youngsters who were totally innocent of any misdemeanour.’
      • ‘Sometimes I'd discharge a firearm, just to make them aware that this is real, you know.’
      • ‘At a national-class shooting tournament recently one of the 140 or so contestants accidentally discharged his pistol.’
      • ‘It is unlawful for anyone to discharge a firearm in a public, especially with schoolchildren around.’
      fire, shoot, let off, set off, loose off, trigger, explode, detonate
      View synonyms
    4. 2.4no object (of a firearm) be fired.
      ‘there was a dull thud as the gun discharged’
      • ‘According to witnesses, he was showing off a shotgun to guests when the gun discharged while aimed at the limousine driver.’
      • ‘A rifle accidentally discharged and touched off battle.’
      • ‘Cael pinched his eyes shut as he continued to fight against Lionel, but when the gun discharged, he froze.’
      • ‘He claimed his finger slipped on the trigger while placing a round of ammunition in chamber and the gun accidentally discharged.’
      • ‘The recall was announced after company officials discovered that a limited number of the shotguns might discharge when the bolt is closed during the loading.’
      • ‘The suspect surrendered and the officer attempted to turn off the laser sight on his pistol when the weapon discharged unintentionally.’
      • ‘Always treat your firearm as if it could still discharge.’
      • ‘Both guns discharged together sounding as if only one gun was fired.’
      • ‘Yes, but the undeniable facts were the gun discharged because the trigger was pulled.’
      • ‘After the shotgun had discharged he placed it in a rubbish bin and crawled back to his home address.’
      • ‘The gun discharged and someone yelled in the darkness.’
      • ‘The idea of somehow locking the firing pin is thought desirable because there is always a possibility a pistol might discharge if dropped.’
      • ‘Another gun round discharged, this time grazing Jacob's elbow.’
      • ‘A rifle or shotgun kept ready to fire can discharge simply through impact if dropped on a floor; a modern revolver will not.’
      • ‘His pistol discharges, sending one woman pinwheeling across the room.’
      • ‘This is to guarantee that if the handgun does discharge, the projectile will go directly into the bullet stopper.’
      • ‘She reached cover and raised her weapon, her own gun discharging loudly.’
      • ‘His gun discharged and the beam shot towards me.’
      • ‘When he attempted to fire again, his 9mm pistol would not discharge; looking down, he saw it was jammed.’
      • ‘‘Now, there shall be no firearms or other weapons discharged in the house,’ Edward ordered.’
    5. 2.5 Unload (goods or passengers) from a ship.
      ‘the ferry was discharging passengers’
      no object ‘ninety ships were queuing to discharge’
      • ‘Product from the ship can be discharged onto the existing jetty conveyor or into trucks for transport ashore.’
      • ‘Work is also continuing on the grain elevator, and ships wishing to discharge any cargo will have to be able to do so by themselves.’
      • ‘At the port, a cargo ship docked and discharged heavy trucks of the kind used to carry tanks or other heavy armour.’
      • ‘Put simply, the regiment must be able to load and discharge ships at sea or in port, whether or not the enemy is around, and then move supplies forward by rail and river.’
      • ‘When the ship was ready to discharge the contractual cargo, there was no notification to the charterers or their agents.’
      • ‘Our ship, The Dominion Monarch, went through the canal and we were discharged at Port Said.’
      • ‘Since we were not going to hit the Floral Park station where we could stop at a platform, we would now need to return to Jamaica to discharge the passengers.’
      • ‘On July 23, the absence of staff to clear and discharge cargo forced one ship to bypass Tonga.’
      • ‘That did not come to an end until the cargo had all been discharged from the ship.’
      • ‘Subject to the provisions of Article 4, the carrier shall properly and carefully load, handle, stow, carry, keep, care for, and discharge the goods carried.’
      • ‘It depicts a sloop leaving a dock after having discharged a group of passengers.’
      • ‘Often a ship discharging on a west coast port will proceed to Galway or the Shannon for a cargo back to the UK or Europe.’
      • ‘Ships had to discharge their cargoes at congested anchorages either into horse drawn lighters or onto packhorses for the journey to the industrial centre.’
      • ‘Seamen who sailed on dumping expeditions in the 1940s confirmed that in poor weather, the ships discharged their cargoes no more than a few hundred metres offshore.’
      unload, offload, empty, unburden, disburden, remove, relieve
      View synonyms
    6. 2.6 Allow (an emotion) to be expressed.
      ‘he discharged his resentment in the harmless form of memoirs’
      • ‘It can also be caused by unemployment as lack of jobs discharges frustration and in certain cases, depression.’
      • ‘The principle is same in music therapy, which can help patients to discharge harmful emotions inside such as depression, stress and worry.’
      • ‘He needed to discharge the emotion of the situation: to turn the focus of attention away from himself before he lost his composure entirely and sat down and wept.’
      • ‘He needs to increase the vigour of his cutting and to discharge his feelings in action.’
      • ‘How could anyone who cannot discharge negative emotions over a long time not be depressed?’
  • 3Do all that is required to perform (a duty) or fulfil (a responsibility)

    ‘the bank had failed to discharge its supervisory duties’
    • ‘He has sought to discharge his duties with an awareness of historical responsibilities.’
    • ‘This venture is basically aimed at grooming the future generations as law abiding and responsible citizens and making them capable of properly discharging their duties to the country.’
    • ‘It also claimed he failed to discharge his duty as an expert witness.’
    • ‘What about the Minister of Police, who totally failed to discharge his responsibilities?’
    • ‘We have to get our politics right as we seek to discharge our duty towards the population.’
    • ‘That was the only time that he was actually unable to perform or discharge the duties of the president.’
    • ‘A member of the Parliament is under oath to ‘faithfully discharge the duties’’
    • ‘He said he was required to discharge his duty free from interference from any other authority.’
    • ‘Failure to discharge this duty resulting in injury should be actionable.’
    • ‘No one had discharged the duties of companionship or fulfilled the obligations of succession as they did.’
    • ‘These are the inscriptions found on the memorials of soldiers who laid down their lives while discharging their duties for the nation.’
    • ‘He will have no problem in discharging his duties in that game.’
    • ‘While discharging duties, I have taken unpopular decisions in my career, but without an iota of prejudice.’
    • ‘Aside from discharging this duty, the Central Bank has a wider responsibility to ensure that public confidence in the financial system is maintained.’
    • ‘If you are fit and healthy, do not leave it to others to discharge your duty.’
    • ‘He used to be a good policeman who never failed to discharge his duty and he perished like a hero.’
    • ‘The petitioners also accused the city's returning officer and chief executive of failing to discharge her duties in accordance with electoral law.’
    • ‘Why should people not be obliged to discharge their electoral duty.’
    • ‘They also urged her to reshuffle her Cabinet if she found her ministers ineffective in discharging their assigned duties.’
    • ‘On the contrary, she appears to have discharged her duty in that case commendably, and to have been a model of judicial restraint.’
    • ‘For success, all these people are required to discharge their duties.’
    carry out, perform, conduct, do
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 Pay off (a debt)
      ‘the executor must discharge the funeral expenses’
      • ‘So the company is able to discharge the debt created by the declaration of the dividend.’
      • ‘It would appear that the monies paid by the solicitors to the company did not go to reduce or discharge the mortgage debt.’
      • ‘He discharged that debt by helping them overcome the protests building against their movie.’
      • ‘He died of gangrene before he could pay, but his son dutifully discharged the debt.’
      • ‘He discharges his debt to his friend and soon prepares to hold an elaborate wedding for his daughter.’
      • ‘However, I only discharge the debts I lawfully incur.’
      • ‘They will have a hard time finding work, and under the new bankruptcy law, they won't be able to discharge their debt.’
      • ‘Congress recently tightened the bankruptcy rules, making it much harder to discharge debts.’
      • ‘And lawmakers want to make it easier for victims to discharge storm-related debt.’
      • ‘Such a step would compromise his ability to earn and to discharge his debts.’
      • ‘He first wrote the book to discharge a personal debt.’
      • ‘But if I can discharge its debts, it enables me to dispense with the popular code.’
      • ‘He said the company would work with the liquidator on ways to discharge its debts to creditors.’
      • ‘The decision means the pair cannot discharge their debts jointly through bankruptcy the way other married couples do.’
      • ‘A significant benefit of filing for bankruptcy is the ability to discharge some or all of the debtor's debts or claims.’
      • ‘The court supervises the repayments and, at the end of five years, can discharge leftover debts.’
      • ‘A man who failed to discharge his debts could become the slave of his creditor until he redeemed his debt.’
      • ‘The payment of a debt to one of a number of joint creditors discharges a debt owed to them jointly.’
      • ‘And a few of the richer people are going to have to make a payment plan instead of having their debts discharged.’
      • ‘He could not be contacted for comment, but it is understood the firm discharged its debts before closing its doors.’
      pay, pay off, pay in full, settle, settle up, clear, honour, meet, liquidate, satisfy, defray, make good
      View synonyms
    2. 3.2 Release (a party) from a contract or obligation.
      ‘the insurer is discharged from liability from the day of breach’
      • ‘If the other party fails to discharge the burden, the court would be in a position to decide to accept the evidence of the first party without requiring resort to cross-examination.’
      • ‘The husband should be able to put a mortgage on the mortgage to discharge all of his obligations to his ex-wife.’
      • ‘Generally the parties are discharged from the performance of any future obligations.’
      • ‘In the end, that was what this arrangement depended upon, that the putative trustee should acquire the property beneficially and be discharged of its obligations.’
      • ‘If you have already studied the law of contract, you may remember that there are a number of ways in which contracts may be discharged so that parties no longer have any obligations under them.’
      release, liberate, free, set free, let go, let out, allow to leave, let loose, set loose, turn loose
      View synonyms
    3. 3.3Law Relieve (a bankrupt) of residual liability.
      ‘first-time bankrupts are discharged automatically after three years’
      • ‘In part it can probably be attributed to the fact that the Enterprise Act has resulted in most bankrupts being automatically discharged after just one year.’
      • ‘Currently every first-time bankrupt is discharged automatically either two or three years after the date of the bankruptcy order depending on how much was originally owed.’
      • ‘From now on, most bankrupts will be automatically discharged after just one year instead of two to three years and, in some cases, discharge could come even earlier.’
      • ‘Most bankrupts could find themselves discharged within a year, an improvement on the current two or three years.’
      • ‘Currently, bankrupts aren't usually discharged for three years but from next April, this will be cut to a maximum of a year.’
      free from, free of, set free from, release from, liberate from, exempt from, excuse from, absolve from, let off, extricate from, discharge from, unburden of, disburden of, disencumber of
      View synonyms
  • 4Law
    (of a judge or court) cancel (an order of a court)

    ‘the court may discharge a care order on the application of the child’
    • ‘In the circumstances the no order principle should prevail; the court could choose not to discharge the care order.’
    • ‘He sought leave to make an application to discharge the court order made last April.’
    • ‘However, in an appropriate case the Court may and should discharge the order on its own initiative.’
    • ‘Secondly, at least in Family Law Act and similar cases, a later court may vary or discharge the order to which the suspended committal is linked, thus setting a limit to the suspension.’
    • ‘It may well be that in the light of that report the authority will wish to apply to the High Court to discharge the consent order made last year.’
    1. 4.1 Cancel (a contract) because of completion or breach.
      ‘an existing mortgage to be discharged on completion’
      • ‘There are enough questions raised by the material for me to conclude that the mortgage should not be discharged on closing.’
      • ‘Those duties were imposed to ensure that a mortgagee is diligent in discharging his mortgage and returning the property to the mortgagor.’
      • ‘The respondent's case was that the effect of that void variation was to discharge the contract of sale.’
      • ‘This method of discharging a contract involves a breach by one party of an obligation under the contract which is so fundamental that its breach is tantamount to his repudiating or rejecting the contract as a whole.’
      • ‘In its broad sense, the term further encompasses the settlement of the obligations, that is, the completion of payment discharging them.’

noun

mass noun
Pronunciation /dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ//ˈdɪstʃɑːdʒ/
  • 1The action of discharging someone from a hospital or from the armed forces or police.

    ‘referrals can be discussed before discharge from hospital’
    count noun ‘offending policemen receive a dishonourable discharge’
    • ‘However, early discharge from the hospital is becoming more common, and many babies are tested within the first 24 hours of life.’
    • ‘Thanks to new Government grants, reducing the numbers of older people awaiting discharge from hospital has been made a priority.’
    • ‘We diagnosed complications clinically or after investigations and recorded them prospectively until the time of hospital discharge.’
    • ‘But they say that having MRSA will not delay anybody's discharge from the hospital and that there are no special precautions to follow once the patient is home.’
    • ‘We studied these variables daily until a patient's fever had subsided for three days, then as clinically indicated, and at follow up visits after discharge from hospital.’
    • ‘The patient recovered uneventfully from surgery and had no difficulty swallowing, and he gained a few pounds after discharge from the hospital.’
    • ‘This will greatly benefit children with cancer and speed up their discharge from hospital by ensuring safe care at home.’
    • ‘The trust achieved the highest band of performance in emergency re-admission to hospital following discharge.’
    • ‘I know, I know - he received an honorable discharge.’
    • ‘Data from community follow-ups were also collected and analyzed for a 24-month period following the subject's discharge from hospital.’
    • ‘We did not have data on the type of treatment, if any, that patients were receiving after discharge from the hospital.’
    • ‘Also, those seriously injured will be brought to this camp on their discharge from the hospital.’
    • ‘This may become apparent on discharge from hospital or at the end of treatment - perhaps six months or a year beyond the person's initial diagnosis.’
    • ‘He remained in the care of his family following his discharge from hospital.’
    • ‘Since his hospital discharge, he continues to be seen regularly by the program.’
    • ‘And that, I say, is why he received his honorable discharge.’
    • ‘He was examined for permanent impairment 8 months after hospital discharge.’
    • ‘Participants were informed that a questionnaire would be mailed to them within 1 week of their discharge from the hospital.’
    • ‘Following his discharge from the hospital, he was basically immobile for a couple of weeks.’
    • ‘Patients were observed for up to 28 days or until hospital discharge.’
    dismissal, release, removal, ejection, ousting, expulsion, congé
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1count noun An act of releasing someone from the custody or restraint of the law.
      ‘she was given an absolute discharge after admitting breaking a smoking ban’
      • ‘If convicted, he could face a penalty ranging from 18 months in jail to an absolute discharge with no criminal record.’
      • ‘It is clear that the trial judge focussed on the issue before me, and was aware of the Crown's position with respect to the granting of an absolute discharge.’
      • ‘He concluded that in this case, given what occurred and who the appellant was, a discharge was not a sufficiently severe sentence and a fine was more appropriate.’
      • ‘The trial judge granted an absolute discharge on the marijuana count.’
      • ‘Nor does it make for efficiency as the courts would be cluttered with prosecutions of blameless individuals who would ultimately be dealt with by means of an absolute discharge.’
      release, liberation
      View synonyms
  • 2The action of discharging a liquid, gas, or other substance.

    ‘those germs might lead to vaginal discharge’
    • ‘In addition, the long-term discharge of waste water from thousands of small-sized dyeing and finishing plants and foodstuff factories makes the river dark and stinky.’
    • ‘‘The public, government, and nonprofits need to do all we can to prevent illegal discharge of oil,’ she said.’
    • ‘Attempts to quantify this phenotype would, therefore, lead to gross underestimates and not faithfully represent the occurrence of fluid discharge.’
    • ‘This article focuses on the causes and diagnosis of vaginal discharge and treatment of the most common infective causes.’
    • ‘The ‘greens’ say the monitoring facility will be of immense help, as effluent discharge from factories at night cannot be detected.’
    • ‘Similarly, oxygen level had come down substantially in the lake also due to discharge of contaminated water into it.’
    • ‘Waste water discharge into the lagoon has also been banned.’
    • ‘If high fever, excess bleeding or excess vaginal discharge occur, then medical advice should be sought.’
    • ‘The rapid increase of the sewage, the unqualified discharge of waste water and the misuse of fertilizer all worsened the situation of the water body.’
    • ‘Also, there has been no discharge of effluent into the swamp for several weeks. The summer has been predominantly hot and dry.’
    • ‘Developed countries encouraged their cities to save water on the one hand and treat polluted water on the other so as to achieve a zero increase in the amount of water consumption and sewage discharge.’
    • ‘The discharge of sewage water into the river severely contaminates the river with coliform bacteria.’
    • ‘What do we know about this government discharge of effluent?’
    • ‘River pollution generally originates from industrial effluent, agricultural run-off, or domestic sewage discharge.’
    • ‘The rise of factory farms, growing human populations along the coast, and discharge of garbage into the oceans are some of the other threats to sea turtles.’
    • ‘Due to the potential environmental impact of chlorine, most plants now dechlorinate wastewater effluents before discharge.’
    • ‘A group of girls presented a project on water pollution and expressed concern over the effluent discharge into river and how it had affected the marine life.’
    leak, leaking, emission, release, exuding, oozing, excretion, ejection
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 A substance that has been discharged.
      ‘industrial discharge has turned the river into an open sewer’
      count noun ‘a greeny-yellow nasal discharge’
      • ‘When the system is being used, it will collect the discharge, which will later be disposed of separately.’
      • ‘Call your child's doctor if nasal discharge turns from clear to yellow, green, or gray.’
      • ‘The discharge from the sewage treatment plant was irrigated down the middle of the street and would soon be sprayed on a golf course.’
      • ‘Symptoms frequently start in the neonatal period and include a chronic nasal discharge or nasal blockage and cough.’
      • ‘Physical examination showed an alert newborn, evincing mucoid nasal discharge, and teary eyes.’
      • ‘Pressure on the prostate may cause a discharge of pus from the penis.’
      • ‘The drain out-fall can be remote from the farmyard and the discharge may go unnoticed.’
      • ‘An adult patient presents with purulent nasal discharge and maxillary facial pain.’
      • ‘If a bacterial infection is the cause, there may be some yellow pus-like discharge from the eye.’
      • ‘The discharge from the animal enclosures, however, pushes the E. coli count even higher, to as much as 75 000.’
      • ‘The primary lesions were pustulonodular, and at times the patient expressed a bit of milky discharge from the lesions.’
      • ‘It has also set up an observation post to keep a close watch on the discharge of the river.’
      • ‘Purulent nipple discharge or persistent discharging sinus may be the rare presenting feature.’
      • ‘He said a full report had not been received on the development's impact on protected species in the woodland - including bats and badgers - and also on the discharge from the sewage treatment works.’
      • ‘They are often covered with crusts formed by discharge and faeces, and become infected by a variety of bacteria and fungi.’
      • ‘The magnitude of the loads is dependent upon the discharge volumes.’
      • ‘A thorough physical examination and lab tests on a sample of discharge from the eye will help the doctor determine the cause of the infection.’
      • ‘His nose exam showed minor mild erythema with clear to yellow nasal discharge.’
      • ‘A yellow white discharge may form and should not be wiped off.’
      • ‘All patients with spontaneous or unilateral nipple discharge should be referred for surgical evaluation.’
      • ‘The start of the breeding oestrous cycle is marked by a blood stained discharge, which lasts from four to thirteen days and may first be noticed as blood stained spotting on the animal's bed.’
      • ‘You may notice a discharge from your vagina.’
      • ‘Samples of the discharge taken by the Agency revealed it was polluting.’
      • ‘Ovulation can also be detected by a half-degree drop in body temperature, and a change in vaginal discharge.’
      • ‘Currently up to half of the discharge is used to irrigate the playing fields.’
      • ‘There was swelling, tenderness, erythema, and slight purulent discharge from the lesion.’
      • ‘The presence of purulent nasal discharge is more likely to result in a physician's prescribing an antibiotic for a patient with acute bronchitis.’
      • ‘There used to be raw sewage and all kinds of industrial discharge, so the problem has improved.’
      emission, secretion, excretion, exudate, effusion
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2Physics The release of electricity from a charged object.
      ‘slow discharge of a condenser is fundamental to oscillatory circuits’
      • ‘It is insensitive to scratches, shock, or electrostatic discharge.’
      • ‘In addition, full registration of the cartridge reduces track offsets and electrostatic discharge from the cartridge base plate.’
      • ‘An electrostatic discharge protection device can protect a head gimbal assembly circuit from electrostatic discharge.’
      • ‘The problem is that when a large electrical discharge occurs, the magnetic pulse produced causes a voltage to be induced in any wires that may be nearby.’
      • ‘Thus the amount of discharge from the pixel electrode is reduced by the capacitor.’
    3. 2.3count noun A flow of electricity through air or other gas, especially when accompanied by emission of light.
      ‘a sizzling discharge between sky and turret’
      • ‘A plasma is typically a gaseous discharge containing electrons and positively charged ions.’
      • ‘Electricity sizzled as smaller electrical discharges went off.’
      • ‘This discharge could also be accompanied by light and sound, explaining why witnesses report seeing flashing lights and hearing humming noises.’
      • ‘Lightning discharges also generate electromagnetic energy heard on radio receivers as spherics (crackles with very low frequencies), which may be used to locate distant thunderstorms.’
      • ‘During discharge, electrons flow from the negative electrode to the positive via this ‘external load’, thereby doing electrical work.’
    4. 2.4 The action of firing a gun or missile.
      ‘a police permit for discharge of an air gun’
      count noun ‘sounds like discharges of artillery’
      • ‘One also prohibited the discharge of projectiles and explosives from balloons.’
      • ‘A notice of motion banning the discharge of firearms was passed in Castlebar.’
      • ‘Sub-sonic ammunition is necessary for silenced or suppressed firearms to keep the sound of discharge really quiet.’
      • ‘These pistols do not have magazine safeties, but they all incorporate internal firing pin blocks to prevent discharge if the pistol is dropped or suffers a similarly sharp blow.’
      • ‘The thrust of a saber, the firing of a musket, even the discharge of a cannon found easy expression in art.’
      • ‘As Valkyrie Two continued through the air, the sound of laser cannon discharge rang out.’
      • ‘The gun sounded off its discharge at the black car.’
      shot, shooting, firing, discharging, explosion, detonation
      View synonyms
    5. 2.5 The action of unloading a ship.
      ‘freight for discharge’
      unloading, offloading, unburdening, disburdening, removal, removing, relieving
      View synonyms
  • 3The action of doing all that is required to fulfil a responsibility or perform a duty.

    ‘directors must use skill in the discharge of their duties’
    • ‘The discharge of the above responsibilities is no less important than fulfilling our religious duties, and indeed is part of them.’
    • ‘His Honour then goes on to make plain that the discharge of that duty required the Council to undertake a sanitary survey and then consequential action upon that.’
    • ‘But only a very few discharge their responsibilities independently.’
    • ‘The goods were taken by the plaintiff's agent to the proper place for examination of them by the defendants in the regular discharge of their duty as custom-house officers.’
    • ‘Nothing more is required of him in the discharge of his duty to that counsel.’
    • ‘The public also sees the mushrooming of unlicensed health institutions as another lapse in the council's discharge of its duties.’
    • ‘The application of the policy to all applicants ensures fair and equal treatment to applicants and facilitates the Council's discharge of duties.’
    • ‘Proportionality refers to the level and extent of force used by combatants in the discharge of their duties.’
    • ‘The Appointment I hold, he said, ‘is in itself sufficient guarantee for the proper discharge of any duties I may have to perform’.’
    • ‘Secondly, we say that the principle is expressly limited in the cases to circumstances where the employer has done all that it could in the discharge of its duty.’
    • ‘A patriot is someone, whose pleasure arises from the faithful discharge of his duty to his country.’
    • ‘They also believe that the declaration calls for the achievement of the highest morals among leaders in the discharge of their responsibilities or duties.’
    • ‘Sir, I detect a pattern in our authorities' discharge of their duties towards our roads and traffic management.’
    • ‘Your Honours, that completes what I wanted to say in defence of the jury's faithful discharge of its duty.’
    • ‘The honour is being conferred in recognition of Michaels achieving high office and the exemplary discharge of his responsibilities there.’
    • ‘Speaking to this newspaper yesterday, he made it clear that the threats would cease to have any effect on the discharge of his professional duties.’
    • ‘‘Crucial to the discharge of this duty is that the courts be, and be seen to be, independent,’ he said.’
    • ‘He has come to his death by violence, and whilst in the discharge of his duty, by men doing an unlawful act.’
    • ‘The faithful discharge of our duty in India is not only a cause, but a symbol.’
    • ‘The Committee is concerned at the reportedly large number of persons killed, wounded or subjected to ill-treatment by members of the police force in the purported discharge of their duties.’
    carrying out, performance, performing, conduct, doing
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1 The payment of a debt.
      ‘money paid in discharge of a claim’
      • ‘The complaint is maintainable in respect of cheque which is issued in discharge of legally enforceable debt or liability.’
      • ‘The company's assertions in its books of account did not establish the indebtedness of the appellants or any payment of money in discharge of that indebtedness.’
      • ‘Creditors can also contact their county sheriff who can seize and sell on goods belonging to the debtor in discharge of a debt.’
      • ‘In breach of this agreement, a director of the company arranged for the collection of cheques, sent to the company in discharge of book debts due to it, for the credit of the company's current account.’
      • ‘One of the two directors of a company paid money in discharge of debts owed by two subsidiary companies and guaranteed by the company in the expectation that the company which benefited thereby would repay him.’
      payment, repayment, paying, paying off, settlement, settling, settling up, clearance, clearing, honouring, meeting, liquidation, defraying, making good
      View synonyms
    2. 3.2Law The relief of a bankrupt from residual liability.
      ‘machinery to rehabilitate the bankrupt through the process of discharge’
      • ‘All that it bears upon is the prospect of, and the time at which, discharge of the liability would occur.’
      • ‘He further argues that if he is found personally liable, the liability was released by his discharge from bankruptcy.’
      • ‘The mortgage debt was included in the bankruptcy discharge.’
      • ‘He submits that assets which become the property of the Trustee do not revert to the Bankrupt upon the Bankrupt's discharge.’
      • ‘The act provides for the automatic discharge of bankrupts after a maximum of 12 months (currently two to three years).’
      freedom, release, liberation, deliverance, exemption
      View synonyms
  • 4Law
    The cancellation of an order of a court.

    ‘an application for discharge of a supervision order’
    • ‘In a suitable case an application for discharge of the care order is available.’
    • ‘If I make no order, if I make an order, the parties can always come back and either seek further order or seek discharge of the order.’
    • ‘Taking all of the circumstances into account, I exercise my discretion and order the discharge of the Certificate.’
    • ‘Where applications for the variation, discharge or revocation of final orders are made, judges should consider issuing in public at the conclusion of the case suitably anonymised judgments.’
    • ‘A motion to consolidate that action with the applications for discharge now before this court was dismissed and the action is proceeding toward trial.’

Origin

Middle English (in the sense ‘relieve of an obligation’): from Old French descharger, from late Latin discarricare ‘unload’, from dis- (expressing reversal) + carricare ‘to load’ (see charge).

Pronunciation

discharge

Verb/dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ/

discharge

Noun/dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ//ˈdɪstʃɑːdʒ/