Definition of disability in English:



  • 1A physical or mental condition that limits a person's movements, senses, or activities:

    ‘children with severe physical disabilities’
    [mass noun] ‘differing types of disability’
    • ‘The committee found that adults with intellectual disabilities are treated as second-rate citizens.’
    • ‘Subsequently she has become very well known for overcoming the disability caused by the accident and carrying out charity work.’
    • ‘Skeletal scrutiny also indicates that these animals can survive a range of illnesses and injuries that cause permanent disabilities.’
    • ‘Autism is a life-long developmental disability that affects the way a person relates and interacts to people around them.’
    • ‘Preventing disability in older adults is a challenge.’
    • ‘This may have enormous sociopsychological impact and cause physical disability.’
    • ‘Children with spina bifida can also have severe learning disabilities.’
    • ‘In fact, reading disabilities affect 2 to 8 percent of elementary school children.’
    • ‘Autism is a life-long developmental disability which affects more than an estimated 500,000 people in the UK.’
    • ‘It permitted specified doctors to put to death those suffering from grave mental or physical disabilities.’
    • ‘And over 450 people with intellectual disabilities are living in deplorable conditions in psychiatric hospitals.’
    • ‘Children may have other disabilities like physical impairment or they may be autistic.’
    • ‘Thus swimming should not be discouraged in people with epilepsy or any other physical disability.’
    • ‘Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects the way a person communicates and relates to people around them.’
    • ‘It pays for equipment and holidays to help improve the lives of children with physical and mental disabilities in the York area.’
    • ‘Recipients include community groups, nursing homes, and people with physical disabilities.’
    • ‘Providing care for older individuals suffering mental disabilities can exact an enormous psychological toll on family and loved ones.’
    • ‘Aspirin is known to help reduce the disability caused by a stroke and to prevent further strokes.’
    • ‘Some parents whose children have severe learning disabilities have been told that their respite services are being cut.’
    • ‘For Liam, every game is a victory as he battles to overcome his disability.’
    condition, disorder, affliction, ailment, complaint, illness, malady, disease
    disablement, incapacity, infirmity
    special needs
    learning difficulties, learning disability
    handicap, abnormality, defect, impairment
    View synonyms
  • 2A disadvantage or handicap, especially one imposed or recognized by the law:

    ‘the plaintiff was under a disability’
    • ‘Non-pecuniary interests will sometimes be substantial and clearly justify such disabilities.’
    • ‘A majority of those on welfare are on disability or sole parent support pensions.’
    • ‘Supreme Court said that object was to wipe out disabilities imposed by Hindu Shastras.’
    • ‘The fact that the defendant is under a disability is, in the end, it seems to me, a neutral point.’
    • ‘The situation was so disconcerting to Wade that he suffered a nervous breakdown and went on disability.’
    • ‘It is the imposition of a harsh term in a circumstance where someone is in a disability.’
    • ‘The disability is imposed upon the caste and as a member of the caste that is his lot.’
    • ‘It was necessary for him to show that he was under a disability on and from the date of the accident.’
    • ‘The Supreme Court said that the objective was to wipe out disabilities imposed by Hindu shastras.’
    • ‘The consent order recited that no person affected by the order was under a legal disability.’
    • ‘Those with disabilities can find themselves disadvantaged and sometimes victimised.’
    • ‘There is no issue with the value of the long-term disability once it is found to be property.’